Skip to main content
Log in

The Use of Modern Physical Methods of Instrumental Analytics in the Study of Stromatolites

  • Published:
Paleontological Journal Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

The use of X-ray microtomography, neutron tomography, scanning electron microscopy and X‑ray microanalysis in the study of stromatolites is discussed, and the advantages of each of these methods are summarized. Scanning electron microscopy allows study of the morphology of the object surface. Information about the composition and ratio of chemical elements of surface structures can be obtained using X‑ray microanalysis. X-ray microtomography will be useful for detecting internal structures and their localization in the sample. Neutron tomography can be used to search for organic matter and other hydrogen-containing compounds.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.
Fig. 4.
Fig. 5.
Fig. 6.
Fig. 7.
Fig. 8.
Fig. 9.
Fig. 10.

Similar content being viewed by others

Notes

  1. The X-ray contrast method enables visibility of structures relative to one another, depending on their X-ray absorbance. Structures with similar X-ray absorbance will be non-contrasting, i.e., visually indistinguishable. One can also refer to differences in X-ray density. Density is a physical value equal to the ratio of body mass to the volume occupied by this body. X-ray density is not considered here.

  2. Grains are fragments of minerals and rocks that may have been rounded.

REFERENCES

  1. Kozlenko, D.P., Neutron imaging facility at IBR-2 high flux pulsed reactor: first results, 10th World Conference on Neutron Radiography, Grindelwald, Switzerland, 2014, p. 27.

  2. Kremer, B., Kazmierczak, J., Łukomska-Kowalczyk, M., and Kempe, S., Calcification and silicification: fossilization potential of cyanobacteria from stromatolites of Niuafo‘ou’s Caldera Lakes (Tonga) and implications for the early fossil record, Astrobiology, 2012, vol. 12, pp. 535–548.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Krishtal, M.M., Yasnikov, I.S., Polunin, V.I., Filatov, A.M., and Ulyanenkov, A.G., Skaniruyushchaya elektronnaya mikroskopiya i rentgenospektral’nyy mikroanaliz v primerakh prakticheskogo primeneniya (Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-ray Spectral Microanalysis in Practical Applications), Krishtal, M.M., Ed., Moscow: Tekhnosfera, 2009.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Last, F.M., Last, W.M., and Halden N.M., Modern and late Holocene dolomite formation: Manito Lake, Saskatchewan, Canada, Sediment. Geol., 2012, vol. 281, pp. 222–237.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Lavrentiev, Yu.G., Karmanov, N.S., and Usova, L.V., Electron probe microanalysis of minerals: Microanalyzer or scanning electron microscope?, Russian Geology and geophysics, 2015, vol. 56, no. 8, pp. 1154–1161.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Mackey, T.J., Initiation of branched growth in conoform stromatolites as a response to microbial community and water depth changes in Lake Joyce, Antarctica, Thesis submitted in partial satisfaction of the requirements for the degree of Master of Science, 2012, pp. 8 + 71.

  7. Medjoubi, K. Leclercq, N., Langlois, F., Buteau, A., Lé, S., Poirier, S., Mercére, P., Sforna, M.C., Kewisha, C.M., and Somogyi, A., Development of fast, simultaneous and multi-technique scanning hard X-ray microscopy at Synchrotron Soleil, J. Synchrotron Radiat., 2013, vol. 20, pp. 293–299.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Pakhnevich, A.V., Micro-CT of Geyserite, Fossil Wood and Structure of Brachiopod Shells, SkyScan User Meeting, Antwerp June 16–17, 2008: Papers. P. I–IV.

  9. Pakhnevich, A.V., On the effectiveness of microtomographic studies of paleontological objects, in Sovremennaya paleontologiya. Klassicheskie i noveyshie metody (Modern Paleontology. Classical and Newest Methods), Moscow: Paleontol. Inst., Ross. Akad. Nauk, 2009, pp. 127–141.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Pakhnevich, A.V., Mineral and rock contrast scale for X-ray microtomography, Mineralogicheskie perspektivy, Syktyvkar, 2011, pp. 124–125.

  11. Pakhnevich, A.V., Contrast scale for x-ray microtomography, Sovremennaya mineralogiya. Sbornik trudov I mezhdunarodnoi Internet-konferentsii (Modern Mineralogy. Proc. I Int. Internet Conf.), Kazan: Kazan University, 2013, pp. 27–33.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Proctor, J., Vieira de Luca, P.H., Pimentel, G.A., Sisk, Carl, Oliveira, M., Huber, A., Sungkorn, R., Alonso, J.L.A., Jiménez, R.P., and Silos, V., Porosity and Permeability upscaling in a Lagoa Salgada Stromatolite and Codó Formation Stromatolite, SBGf. Fourteenth International Congress of the Brazilian Geophysical Society. Brazil, August 3–6, 2015, pp. 1–5.

  13. Reed, C.J.B., Electron microprobe analysis and scanning electron microscopy in geology. Cambridge, New York, Melbourne: Cambridge University Press.

  14. Rezende, M.F., Tonietto, S.N., and Pope, M.C., Three-Dimensional pore connectivity evaluation in a Holocene microbialite head, AAPG Hedberg conference “Microbial carbonate reservoir characterization” June 4–8, 2012–Houston, Texas. 2012, pp. 1–4.

  15. Rezende, M.F., Tonietto, S.N., and Pope, M.C., Three-dimensional pore connectivity evaluation in a Holocene and Jurassic microbialite buildup, AAPG Bulletin, 2013, vol. 97, no. 11, pp. 2085–2101.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Samylina, O.S. and Zaytseva, L.V., Characterization of modern dolomite stromatolites from hypersaline Petukhovskoe Soda Lake, Russia, Lethaia, 2019, vol. 52, pp. 1–13.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Samylina, O.S., Zaytseva, L.V., and Sinetova, M.A., Participation of algal-bacterial community in formation of modern stromatolites in Cock Soda lake (Altai Region), Paleontol. J., 2016, vol. 6, pp. 92–101.

    Google Scholar 

  18. Spadafora, A., Perri E., McKenzie, J.A., and Vasconcelos, C., Microbial biomineralization processes forming modern Ca:Mg carbonate stromatolites, Sedimentology, 2010, vol. 57, pp. 27–40.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Storrie-Lombardi, M.C., Stanley, M., Awramik, S.M., John Nesson, J., 3D Characterization of Stromatolites and the Emergence of Complexity, Proc. of SPIE, 2008, vol. 7097, pp. 709711-1–709711-8.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Sumner, D.Y., Microbial Behaviour and Calcite Precipitation as Controls on Neoarchean Microbialite Morphology, 16th International Sedimentological Congress Abstract Volume, 2002. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/Microbial-Behaviour-and-Calcite-Precipitation-as-on-Sumner/ 6e4b7f34f6a203d123035fddad3dd26a9f641ded.

  21. Wacey, D., Urosevic, L., Saunders, M., and George, A.D., Mineralisation of filamentous cyanobacteria in Lake Thetis stromatolites, Western Australia, Geobiology, 2018, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 2031–215.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Funding

This work was financially supported by the Program of the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences no. 17 “The evolution of the organic world. The role and influence of planetary processes (Subprogramme I “Development of life and biosphere processes”), by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project no. 17-04-00324, 19-04-00377, and by the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Russian Federation.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to A. V. Pakhnevich.

Additional information

Translated by S. Nikolaeva

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Pakhnevich, A.V., Zaytseva, L.V., Samylina, O.S. et al. The Use of Modern Physical Methods of Instrumental Analytics in the Study of Stromatolites. Paleontol. J. 54, 936–945 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0031030120080122

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S0031030120080122

Keywords:

Navigation