Paleontological Journal

, 45:572 | Cite as

Ardea sytchevskayae sp. nov., a new heron species (Aves: Ardeidae) from the Middle Miocene of Mongolia

  • N. V. Zelenkov


A new heron species, Ardea sytchevskayae sp. nov., from the Middle Miocene Sharga locality is described. The new species is represented by an almost complete coracoid and a few partial coracoids, partial scapula, and caprometacarpus. A. sytchevskayae was a relatively large heron, of the same size as A. alba, and intermediate in morphology between A. alba and other species traditionally included in this genus. In addition, the Sharga locality has yielded a large bittern and a medium-sized heron of uncertain taxonomic position.


Ardeidae Ardea Middle Miocene Neogene Mongolia 


  1. Ballmann, P., Die Vögel aus der althurgidalen Spaltenfüllung von Wintershof (West) bei Eichstätt in Bayern, Zitteliana, 1969, vol. 1, pp. 5–60.Google Scholar
  2. Balouet, J.C., Zeltornis ginsburgi n. g., n. sp. (Ardeidae, Aves), héron géant du Miocène inférieur du Djebel Zelten (Libye), CR Acad. Sci. Paris, 1981, vol. 293, pp. 235–239.Google Scholar
  3. Baumel, J.J., King, A.S., Breazile, J.E., et al., Handbook of Avian Anatomy: Nomina Anatomica Avium, Publ. Nuttall Ornithol. Club, 1993, no. 23, pp. 1–779.Google Scholar
  4. Becker, J.J., Fossil Herons (Aves: Ardeidae) of the Late Miocene and Early Pliocene of Florida, J. Vertebr. Paleontol., 1985, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 24–31.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bochen-ski, Z., History of Herons of the Western Palaearctic, Acta Zool. Cracov., 1995, vol. 38, no. 3, pp. 343–362.Google Scholar
  6. Bock, W.J., A Generic Review of the Family Ardeidae, Am. Mus. Novit., 1956, no. 1779, pp. 1–50.Google Scholar
  7. Boev, Z., Morphometrical Characteristics of the Adaptations of Herons (Aves, Ardeidae) in Relation to Their Movement along the Substrate, Acta Zool. Bulgar., 1988, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 63–71.Google Scholar
  8. Boles, W.E. and Mackness, B., Birds from the Bluff Downs Local Fauna, Allingham Formation, Queensland, Rec. S. Austral. Mus., 1994, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 139–149.Google Scholar
  9. Brodkorb, P., Fossil Birds from the Alachua Clay of Florida, Florida Geol. Surv. Spec. Publ., 1963, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 1–17.Google Scholar
  10. Cheneval, J., Les oiseaux aquatiques (Gaviiformes a Ansériformes) du gisement aquitanien de Saint-Gérand-le-Puy (Allier, France): révision systématique, Palaeovertebrata, 1984, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 33–115.Google Scholar
  11. Cheneval, J., Ginsburg, L., Mourer-Chauviré, C., and Ratanasthien, B., The Miocene Avifauna of the Li Mae Long Locality, Thailand: Systematics and Paleoecology, J. Southeast As. Earth Sci., 1991, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 117–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dyke, G.J. and Walker, C.A., New Records of Fossil“Waterbirds” from the Miocene of Kenya, Am. Mus. Novit., 2008, no. 3610, pp. 1–12.Google Scholar
  13. Ericson, P.G.P., Anderson, C.L., Britton, T., et al., Diversification of Neoaves: Integration of Molecular Sequence Data and Fossils, Biol. Lett., 2006, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 543–547.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gál, E., János, H., Kessler E., et al., Middle Miocene Fossils from the Section of the Road at the Rákóczi Chapel, Mátraszölös: 2. Locality Mátraszölös 2, Folia Hist. Natur. Mus. Matraensis, 2000, vol. 24, pp. 39–75.Google Scholar
  15. Hackett, S.J., Kimball, R.T., Reddy, S., et al., A Phylogenomic Study of Birds Reveals Their Evolutionary History, Science, 2008, vol. 320, no. 5884, pp. 1763–1768.ADSPubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Harrison, C.J.O., The Herons (Ardeidae) of the Old World Lower Tertiary, Tertiary Res. 1979, Spec. Pap. 5, pp. 11–17.Google Scholar
  17. Hou, L., The Aragonian Vertebrate Fauna of Xiacaowan, Jiangsu: 6. Aves, Vertebr. PalAsiat., 1987, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 57–68.Google Scholar
  18. Kessler, E., New Results with Regard To the Neogene and Quaternary Avifauna of the Carpathian Basin, Part I, Földt. Közl., 2009, vol. 139, no. 1, pp. 445–468Google Scholar
  19. Kessler, E. and Venczel, M., Bird Remains from the Middle Miocene of Subpiatr (W-Romania), Nymphaea. Folia Natur. Bihariae, 2009, vol. 36, pp. 27–36.Google Scholar
  20. Kurochkin, E.N., New Data on Birds from the Pliocene of Western Mongolia, Tr. Sovm. Sovet.-Mongol. Paleontol. Eksped., 1976, no. 3, pp. 51–67.Google Scholar
  21. Kurochkin, E.N., Middle Pliocene Rails from Western Mongolia, Contrib. Sci. Natur. Hist. Mus. Los Angeles Co., 1980, no. 330, pp. 69–73.Google Scholar
  22. Kurochkin, E.N., Birds of Central Asia in the Pliocene, Tr. Sovm. Sovet.-Mongol. Paleontol. Eksped., 1985, no. 26, pp. 1–119.Google Scholar
  23. Kurochkin, E.N. and Ganya, I.M., Birds of the Middle Sarmatian of Moldova, in Pozvonochnye neogena i pleistotsena Moldavii (Vertebrates of the Neogene and Pleistocene of Moldova), Chisinau: Shtiintsa, 1972, pp. 45–70.Google Scholar
  24. Livezey, B.C. and Zusi, R.L., Higher-Order Phylogeny of Modern Birds (Theropoda, Aves: Neornithes) Based on Comparative Anatomy: 2. Analysis and Discussion, Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 2007, vol. 149, no. 1, pp. 1–95.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Louchart, A., Haile-Selassie, Y., Vignaud, P., et al., Fossil Birds from the Late Miocene of Chad and Ethiopia and Zoogeographical Implications, Oryctos, 2008, vol. 7, pp. 147–167.Google Scholar
  26. Louchart, A., Mourer-Chauviré, C., MacKaye, H.T., et al., The Birds of the Djurab Pliocene Faunas, Chad, Central Africa, Bull. Soc. Geol. Fr., 2004, vol. 175, part 4, pp. 413–421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Mayr, G., Palaeogene Fossil Birds, Berlin-Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Mayr, G. and Clarke, J., The Deep Divergences of Neornithine Birds: A Phylogenetic Analysis of Morphological Characters, Cladistics, 2003, vol. 19, pp. 527–553.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. McCracken, K.G. and Sheldon, F.H., Molecular and Osteological Heron Phylogenies: Sources of Incongruence, Auk, 1998, vol. 115, no. 1, pp. 127–141.Google Scholar
  30. MlÍkovsky, J., Cenozoic Birds of the World, Part 1: Europe, Praha: Ninox Press, 2002.Google Scholar
  31. Olson, S.L. and Rasmussen, P.C., Miocene and Pliocene Birds from the Lee Creek Mine, North Carolina, Smithson. Contrib. Paleobiol., 2001, vol. 90, pp. 233–365.Google Scholar
  32. Rasmussen, D.T., Olson S.L., and Simons, E.L., Fossil Birds from the Oligocene Jebel Qatrani Formation, Fayum Province, Egypt, Smith. Contrib. Paleobiol., 1987, no. 62, pp. 1–20.Google Scholar
  33. Scofield, R.P., Worthy, T.H., and Tennyson, A.J.D., A Heron (Aves: Ardeidae) from the Early Miocene St Bathans Fauna of Southern New Zealand, Rec. Austral. Mus., 2010, vol. 62, pp. 89–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Sheldon, F.H., Jones, C.E., and McCracken, K.G., Relative Patterns and Rates of Evolution in Heron Nuclear and Mitochondrial DNA, Mol. Biol. Evol., 2000, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 437–450.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  35. Stewart, J.R. and Beech, M., The Miocene Birds of Abu Dhabi (United Arab Emirates) with a Discussion of the Age of Modern Species and Genera, Hist. Biol., 2006, vol. 18, no. 2, pp. 103–113.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Wetmore, A., A Classification for the Birds of the World, Smithson. Misc. Coll., 1960, vol. 139, no. 1, pp. 1–37.Google Scholar
  37. Zelenkov, N.V., Diving Ducks from the Middle Miocene of Western Mongolia, Paleontol. Zh., 2011, no. 2, pp. 70–77 [Paleontol. J., 2011, vol. 45, no. 2, pp. 191–199].Google Scholar
  38. Zelenkov, N.V. and Kurochkin, E.N., Neogene Phasianids (Aves: Phasianidae) of Central Asia: 1. Genus Tologuica gen. nov., Paleontol. Zh., 2009, no. 2, pp. 86–92 [Paleontol. J., 2009, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 208–215].Google Scholar
  39. Zelenkov, N.V. and Kurochkin, E.N., Birds of Central Asia in the Neogene, in Ornitologiya v Tsentral’noi Evrazii: Materialy XIII Mezhdunar. Ornitol. Konf. Sev. Evrazii. Tez. Dokladov (XIII International Ornithological Conference of Northern Eurasia: Ornithology in Central Eurasia), Orenburg: Orenb. Gos. Ped. Univ., 2010, pp. 133–134.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Borissiak Paleontological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations