Paleontological Journal

, 45:567 | Cite as

On the morphology and taxonomic position of Ungulaspis arctoa (Osteostraci, Agnatha) from the lower devonian of the Severnaya Zemlya archipelago

  • O. B. Afanassieva


An additional study of the cephalic shield and trunk scales of the holotype of Ungulaspis arctoa Afanassieva et Karatajūtė-Talimaa has shown that the exoskeleton surface is composed of dentin of at least two generations. Based on new data, the exoskeleton of Ungulaspis is reconstructed. A model for ontogenetic development of the exoskeleton of Ungulaspis arctoa is proposed. The superposition growth of osteostracan exoskeleton is described in detail for the first time using macro-rather than microremains. Using Osteostraci as an example, the existence of two (bipolar and unipolar) types of vertical growth of the exoskeleton in some groups of lower vertebrates is shown. The taxonomic position of Ungulaspis arctoa in the system of Osteostraci is discussed.


Agnatha osteostracans Ungulaspis morphology Lower Devonian Severnaya Zemlya Archipelago Russia 


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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Borissiak Paleontological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

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