Ammonoid evolution in marine ecosystems prior to the Permian-Triassic crisis


Evolutionary trends in ammonoid communities in the Middle and Late Permian are analyzed in connection with the changes in their taxonomic, morphological, geographical, and ecological structure. It is shown that the processes that led to the almost complete disappearance of the subclass began long before the global Permian-Triassic crisis.

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Correspondence to T. B. Leonova.

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Leonova, T.B. Ammonoid evolution in marine ecosystems prior to the Permian-Triassic crisis. Paleontol. J. 43, 858 (2009).

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Key words

  • ammonoids
  • Permian
  • evolution
  • taxonomic diversity
  • morphology
  • ecological structure
  • geographical range