The fossil palynoflora, geological age, and climatostratigraphy of the earliest deposits of the Karama site (Early Paleolithic, Altai Mountains)

Abstract

The results of palynological analysis of the Early Paleolithic Karama site (northeastern Altai Mountains) are presented. The Karama site is among the most unique and ancient archeological sites of Eurasia. Detailed palynological study has refined the geological age of the sediments that enclose pebble industry artifacts. The landscape and climatic conditions of Early Paleolithic man are reconstructed. A detailed characterization of the changes in the flora and vegetation that occurred during the most ancient Neo-Pleistocene interglacials and glacials is provided.

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Bolikhovskaya, N.S., Derevyanko, A.P. & Shun’kov, M.V. The fossil palynoflora, geological age, and climatostratigraphy of the earliest deposits of the Karama site (Early Paleolithic, Altai Mountains). Paleontol. J. 40, S558–S566 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0031030106110025

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Key words

  • palynology
  • archeology
  • Early Paleolithic
  • Altai Mountains
  • landscape and climate reconstructions