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Morphological characteristics of natural strains of certain species of basidiomycetes and biological analysis of antimicrobial activity under submerged cultural conditions

Abstract

Twenty-one strains belonging to 18 species of basidiomycetes from different ecological groups of fungi were isolated from natural sources. Light and electron microscopy was used to determine the morphological properties of the cultures, which confirmed their classification as basidiomycetes and facilitated their identification in monocultures. The capacity of the fungal strains for biosynthesis of antibiotics was determined by one- or two-stage cultivation on seven nutrient media. It was established that, under submerged cultivation, antimicrobial substances were formed by 13 strains (81.25%) of 12 fungal species (Armillaria sp., Coprinus comatus, Flammulina velutipes, Hypsizygus ulmarius, Lentinus tigrinus, Lycoperdon pyriforme, Macrolepiota procera, Panellus serotinus, Pholiota aurivella, Pholiota lenta, Rhodocollybia maculate, and Sparassis crispa). The antibiotics formed were efficacious against bacterial test strains, including the methicillin-resistant strain Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and the strain Leuconostoc mesenteroides VKPM B-4177 that is resistant to the glycopeptide antibiotics. No antibiotic activity was revealed against fungal test cultures (Aspergillus niger INA 00760 and Saccharomyces cerevisiae RIA 259).

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Correspondence to O. V. Kamzolkina.

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Original Russian Text © M.Yu. Dyakov, O.V. Kamzolkina, O.V. Shtaer, N.A. Bis’ko, N.L. Poedinok, O.B. Mikhailova, O.V. Tikhonova, T.E. Tolstikhina, B.F. Vasil’eva, O. V. Efremenkova, 2010, published in Mikologiya i Fitopatologiya, 2010, Vol. 44, No. 3, pp. 225–239.

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Dyakov, M.Y., Kamzolkina, O.V., Shtaer, O.V. et al. Morphological characteristics of natural strains of certain species of basidiomycetes and biological analysis of antimicrobial activity under submerged cultural conditions. Microbiology 80, 274 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0026261711020044

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Keywords

  • basidiomycetes
  • morphological characteristics
  • antimicrobial substances