Influence of the White Sea sponge Halichondria panicea (Pallas, 1766) on physiological state of the blue mussel Mytilus edulis (Linnaeus, 1758), as evaluated by heart rate characteristics

  • V. V. Khalaman
  • A. N. Sharov
  • S. V. Kholodkevich
  • A. Yu. Komendantov
  • T. V. Kuznetsova
Comparative and Ontogenic Physiology


During laboratory testing it was shown that the presence of the White Sea sponge Halichondria panicea on the shell of the mussel Mytilus edulis negatively affects the functional state of the mollusk as expressed in the increased heart rate recovery time after functional test loads (a 50% water salinity drop for 1 hour). It was found that the degree of this negative influence rises with an increase both in the projective cover of mussel shells by the sponge and in the size/age parameters of mussels.

Key words

Halichondria panicea Mytilus edulis heart rate functional state interspecies relationships the White Sea 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • V. V. Khalaman
    • 1
  • A. N. Sharov
    • 2
  • S. V. Kholodkevich
    • 2
    • 3
  • A. Yu. Komendantov
    • 1
  • T. V. Kuznetsova
    • 2
  1. 1.White Sea Biological Station, Zoological InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.St. Petersburg Scientific Research Center for Ecological SafetyRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.Institute of Earth SciencesSt. Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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