Effect of inorganic fluoride on living organisms of different phylogenetic level

  • N. I. AgalakovaEmail author
  • G. P. Gusev


This review summarizes literature data on pathways of inorganic fluoride intake to the plant, animal and human organisms, its metabolism, distribution and accumulation in the organism, the fluoride forms in biological tissues, toxic effects of fluoride on physiological and reproductive functions of living organisms of different phylogenetic groups, as well as clinical symptoms of insufficient and excessive intake of fluoride in human organism.

Key words

fluoride accumulation membrane transport metabolism toxicity fluorosis 


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© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Sechenov Institute of Evolutionary Physiology and BiochemistryRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia

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