Possibility of Direct Observation of the Bloch-Siegert Shift in Coherent Dynamics of Multiphoton Raman Transitions
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We study Rabi oscillations of the second-order Raman transition realized on dressed states of a qubit excited by an amplitude-modulated microwave field. The co-rotating component of the ultrastrong low-frequency modulation field excites virtual multiple photon processes between the dressed states and forms the Rabi frequency in the so-called rotating wave approximation. The counter-rotating modulation component also gives a significant contribution to the Rabi frequency owing to the Bloch-Siegert effect. It is shown that for properly chosen parameters of the modulation field and qubit, the Rabi oscillations in the rotating wave approximation vanish due to destructive interference of multiple photon processes. In this case the Rabi oscillation results exclusively from the Bloch-Siegert effect and is directly observed in the time-resolved coherent dynamics as the Bloch-Siegert oscillation. Correspondingly, in Fourier spectra of the coherent response, triplets are transformed into doublets with the splitting between the lines equal to twice the Bloch-Siegert shift. We demonstrate these features by calculations of the qubit’s evolution in the conditions of experiments with a NV center in diamond, where Raman transitions were observed. The direct observation of the Bloch-Siegert oscillation offers new possibilities for studying driven quantum systems in the ultastrong regime.
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