Skip to main content
Log in

Synthesis and Ultrapurification of Tin Diiodide

  • Published:
Inorganic Materials Aims and scope

Abstract—

This paper presents results of a study aimed at developing physicochemical principles of tin diiodide (SnI2) synthesis and ultrapurification by high-temperature fractional distillation. SnI2 samples were synthesized by different processes: in solution, from elemental mixtures at atmospheric pressure, and in a vacuum. Next, the samples were purified by fractional distillation in a plate column. Separation factors of difficult-to-remove impurities in the SnI2-based liquid–vapor system have been determined experimentally. We have prepared and characterized extrapure-grade SnI2 containing 10 ppm by weight of trace impurities

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.

Similar content being viewed by others

REFERENCES

  1. Chen, Z., Yu, C., Shum, K., Wang, J.J., Pfenninger, W., Vockic, N., Midgley, J., and Kenney, J.T., Photoluminescence study of polycrystalline CsSnI3 thin films: determination of exciton binding energy, J. Lumin., 2012, vol. 132, no. 2, pp. 345–349. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jlumin.2011.09.006

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  2. Zhou, Y., Garces, H.F., Senturk, B.S., Ortiz, A.L., and Padture, N.P., Room temperature “one-pot” solution synthesis of nanoscale CsSnI3 orthorhombic perovskite thin films and particles, Mater. Lett., 2013, vol. 110, pp. 127–129. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matlet.2013.08.011

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Wang, N., Zhou, Y., Ju, M.G., Garces, H.F., Ding, T., Pang, S., Zeng, X.C., Padture, N.P., and Sun, W.X., Heterojunction-depleted lead-free perovskite solar cells with coarse-grained B-γ-CsSnI3 thin films, Adv. Energy Mater., 2016, vol. 6, no. 24, paper 1 601 130. https://doi.org/10.1002/aenm.201601130

  4. Shum, K., Chen, Z., Qureshi, J., Yu, C., Wang, J.J., Pfenninger, W., Vockic, N., Midgley, J., and Kenney, J.T., Synthesis and characterization of CsSnI3 thin films, Appl. Phys. Lett., 2010, vol. 96, no. 22, paper 221 903. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.3442511

  5. Shi, Z., Guo, J., Chen, Y., Li, Q., Pan, Y., Zhang, H., Xia, Y., and Huang, W., Lead-free organic–inorganic hybrid perovskites for photovoltaic applications: recent advances and perspectives, Adv. Mater., 2017, vol. 29, no. 16, paper 1 605 005. https://doi.org/10.1002/adma.201605005

  6. Ishibashi, H., Katayama, M., Tanaka, S., and Kaji, T., Hybrid perovskite solar cells fabricated from guanidine hydroiodide and tin iodide, Sci. Rep., 2017, vol. 7, no. 1, paper 4 969. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-017-05317-w

  7. Gorban, I.S., Gorchev, V.F., and Sushkevich, T.N., SnI2 optical properties, Fiz. Tverd. Tela (Leningrad), 1976, vol. 18, no. 7, pp. 2095–2097.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  8. Kostyshin, M.T., Kostko, V.S., Indutnyi, I.Z., and Kosarev, V.M., Optical constants of tin diiodide at the fundamental absorption edge, Opt. Spectrosc., 1982, vol. 52, pp. 108–110.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Desai, C.C., Rai, J.L., and Vyas, A.D., Microwave measurements of dielectric constants of SnI2 and SnI4, J. Mater. Sci., 1982, vol. 17, no. 11, pp. 3249–3252. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01203491

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  10. Moser, W. and Trevena, I.C., The crystal structure of tin(II) iodide, J. Chem. Soc. D: Chem. Commun., 1969, no. 1, pp. 25–26. https://doi.org/10.1039/C29690000025

  11. Hirayama, C. and Kleinosky, R.L., Mass spectra of SnI2, Thermochim. Acta, 1981, vol. 47, no. 3, pp. 355–358. https://doi.org/10.1016/0040-6031(81)80113-X

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  12. Niselson, L.A. and Yaroshevsky, A.G., Mezhfazovye koeffitsienty raspredeleniya: ravnovesiya kristall–zhidkost’ i zhidkost’–par (Distribution Coefficients in Crystal–Liquid and Liquid–Vapor Equilibria), Moscow: Nauka, 1992.

Download references

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

In this study, we used equipment at the Shared Physical Characterization Facilities Center, Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences.

Funding

This work was supported by the Russian Federation Ministry of Science and Higher Education (state research target for the Kurnakov Institute of General and Inorganic Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, basic research).

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to M. N. Brekhovskikh.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Brekhovskikh, M.N., Mastryukov, M.V., Kornev, P.V. et al. Synthesis and Ultrapurification of Tin Diiodide. Inorg Mater 55, 974–978 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0020168519090012

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S0020168519090012

Keywords:

Navigation