Inorganic Materials

, Volume 54, Issue 3, pp 295–300 | Cite as

Structure and Hardness of Ceramics Produced through High-Temperature Nitridation of Titanium Foil

  • S. V. Shevtsov
  • I. A. Kovalev
  • A. I. Ogarkov
  • S. V. Kannykin
  • D. V. Prosvirnin
  • A. S. Chernyavskii
  • K. A. Solntsev


We have studied the variation in the phase composition, elemental composition, and microstructure of rolled titanium samples during thermal annealing in a nitrogen atmosphere at 1300, 1500, 1700, and 2000°C. The results demonstrate that the nitridation process can yield compact titanium nitride-based ceramics or TiN/TiN x /α-Ti〈N〉 heterostructures. X-ray diffraction data for the near-surface region of the samples before and after nitridation and those for cross-sectional fracture surfaces of heterostructures are used to infer orientation relationships between the TiN phase and α-Ti〈N〉 solid solution. Scanning electron microscopy results for cross-sectional fracture surfaces indicate that complete nitridation of the samples leads to the formation of a three-layer microstructure.


titanium nitride ceramic nitridation oxidation-assisted engineering structure hardness X-ray diffraction scanning electron microscopy 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. V. Shevtsov
    • 1
  • I. A. Kovalev
    • 1
  • A. I. Ogarkov
    • 1
  • S. V. Kannykin
    • 2
  • D. V. Prosvirnin
    • 1
  • A. S. Chernyavskii
    • 1
  • K. A. Solntsev
    • 1
  1. 1.Baikov Institute of Metallurgy and Materials ScienceRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Voronezh State UniversityVoronezhRussia

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