Skip to main content

Adsorptive and structural characteristics of carbon sorbents


This paper describes the adsorptive, structural, and textural characteristics of carbon sorbents of various origins: OU-A activated charcoal powder (unmodified and modified with a cellulose polyelectrolyte), AUT-MI fibrous activated carbon, and expanded graphite intercalated with sulfuric acid. In accordance with their pore structure parameters and specific surface area, the highest adsorption capacity for water-soluble markers (iodine and methylene blue) and anionic surfactants is offered by the activated charcoal and fibrous carbon. Surface modification with an anionic polymer increases the adsorption of positively charged methylene blue molecules.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. Marsh, H. and Reinoso, F.R., Activated Carbon, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2006.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Kubota, T., Yamaguchi, T., and Okutani, T., Determination of Arsenic Content in Natural Water by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry after Collection As Molybdoarsenate on Activated Carbon, Talanta, 1998, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 1311–1319.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  3. Yoon, Y., Westerhoffa, P., Snyder, S., and Esparza, A.M., HPLC-Fluorescence Detection and Adsorption of Bisphenol A, 17β-Estradiol, and 17α-Ethynyl Estradiol on Powdered Activated Carbon, Water Res., 2003, vol. 37, no. 14, pp. 3530–3537.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  4. Rivera-Utrilla, J., Bautista-Toledo, I.M., Ferro-García, A., and Moreno-Castilla, C., Activated Carbon Surface Modifications by Adsorption of Bacteria and Their Effect on Aqueous Lead Adsorption, J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., 2001, vol. 76, no. 12, pp. 1209–1215.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  5. Nikolaev, V.G., Mikhalovskii, S.V., and Gurina, N.M., State-Of-The-Art Enterosorbents and How They Work, Efferentnaya Ter., 2005, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 3–17.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Osipova, A.V., Grinshpan, D.D., Savitskaya, T.A., and Nevar, T.N., Application of Uglesorb in Multiple Treatment of Allergic Diseases at a Large Industrial Plant, Immunopatol., Allergol. Infektol., 2004, no. 2, pp. 131–135.

  7. Belyaev, E.Yu., Preparation and Environmental Applications of Activated Charcoal, Khim. Rastit. Syr’ya, 2000, no. 2, pp. 5–15.

  8. Vlasenkov, E.V., Godunov, I.A., Lanin, S.N., et al., Comparative Analysis of the Structural Characteristics of Expanded Graphite and Activated Carbon for the Removal of Organics from Water, Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 2: Khim., 2005, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 231–235.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Koganovskii, A.M., Klimenko, N.A., Levchenko, T.N., and Roda, I.G., Adsorbtsiya organicheskikh veshchestv iz vody (Adsorption of Organic Substances from Water), Leningrad: Khimiya, 1990.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Sircar, S., Golden, T.C., and Rao, M.B., Activated Carbon for Gas Separation and Storage, Carbon, 1996, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 1–12.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  11. Moreno-Castilla, C., Adsorption of Organic Molecules from Aqueous Solutions on Carbon Materials, Carbon, 2004, no. 42, pp. 83–94.

  12. Chesnokov, N.V., Kuznetsov, B.N., Mikova, N.M., and Drozdov, V.A., Sorption Properties of Composites Based on Expanded Graphite, Ross. Khim. Zh., 2006, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 75–78.

    CAS  Google Scholar 

  13. Bansal, R.C. and Goyal, M., Activated Carbon Adsorption, Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis, 2005.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  14. Quinlivan, P.A., Li, L., and Knappe, D., Effects of Activated Carbon Characteristics on the Simultaneous Adsorption of Aqueous Organic Micropollutants and Natural Organic Matter, Water Res., 2005, no. 39, pp. 1663–1673.

  15. Monser, L. and Adhoum, N., Modified Activated Carbon for the Removal of Copper, Zinc, Chromium and Cyanide from Wastewater, Separ. Purif. Technol., 2002, vol. 26, nos. 2–3, pp. 137–146.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  16. Kilduff, J.E., Karanfil, T., Chin, Y.-P., and Weber, W.J., Adsorption of Natural Organic Polyelectrolytes by Activated Carbon: A Size-Exclusion Chromatography Study, Environ. Sci. Technol., 1996, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 1336–1343.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  17. Ebie, K., Li, F., Azuma, Y., et al., Pore Distribution Effect of Activated Carbon in Adsorbing Organic Micropollutants from Natural Water, Water Res., 2001, no. 35, pp. 167–179.

  18. Mokrova, N.V., Optimal Pore Structure Formation in Activated Carbon, Khim. Tekhnol., 2008, no. 5, pp. 221–225.

  19. Chingombe, P., Saha, B., and Wakeman, R.J., Surface Modification and Characterisation of a Coal-Based Activated Carbon, Carbon, 2005, vol. 43, no. 15, pp. 3132–3143.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

  20. Kolyshkin, D.A. and Mikhailova, K.K., Aktivnye ugli. Svoistva i metody ispytanii. Spravochnik (Properties and Testing of Activated Carbon: A Handbook), Leningrad: Khimiya, 1972.

    Google Scholar 

  21. French, A.D., Bertoniere, N.R., Brown, R.M., et al., Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology, Kroschwitz, J.I., Ed., New York: Wiley, 2003, 3rd ed., pp. 473–507.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Savitskaya, T.A., Nevar, T.N., and Grinshpan, D.D., Effect of Water-Soluble Polymers on the Stability and Rheological Properties of Fibrous Activated Carbon Suspensions, Kolloidn. Zh., 2006, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 1–7.

    Google Scholar 

  23. Cazorla-Amoros, D., Alcaniz-Monge, J., de la Casa-Lillo, M.A., and Linares-Solano, A., CO2 As an Adsorptive to Characterize Carbon Molecular Sieves and Activated Carbons, Langmuir, 1998, vol. 14, pp. 4589–4593.

    Article  CAS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to M. G. Ivanets.

Additional information

Original Russian Text © M.G. Ivanets, T.A. Savitskaya, T.N. Nevar, D.D. Grinshpan, 2011, published in Neorganicheskie Materialy, 2011, Vol. 47, No. 10, pp. 1170–1175.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Ivanets, M.G., Savitskaya, T.A., Nevar, T.N. et al. Adsorptive and structural characteristics of carbon sorbents. Inorg Mater 47, 1061–1065 (2011).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • Activate Carbon
  • Methylene Blue
  • Expand Graphite
  • Powder Activate Carbon
  • Nitrogen Adsorption Isotherm