Inorganic Materials

, 47:1061 | Cite as

Adsorptive and structural characteristics of carbon sorbents

  • M. G. Ivanets
  • T. A. Savitskaya
  • T. N. Nevar
  • D. D. Grinshpan


This paper describes the adsorptive, structural, and textural characteristics of carbon sorbents of various origins: OU-A activated charcoal powder (unmodified and modified with a cellulose polyelectrolyte), AUT-MI fibrous activated carbon, and expanded graphite intercalated with sulfuric acid. In accordance with their pore structure parameters and specific surface area, the highest adsorption capacity for water-soluble markers (iodine and methylene blue) and anionic surfactants is offered by the activated charcoal and fibrous carbon. Surface modification with an anionic polymer increases the adsorption of positively charged methylene blue molecules.


Activate Carbon Methylene Blue Expand Graphite Powder Activate Carbon Nitrogen Adsorption Isotherm 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


  1. 1.
    Marsh, H. and Reinoso, F.R., Activated Carbon, Amsterdam: Elsevier, 2006.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Kubota, T., Yamaguchi, T., and Okutani, T., Determination of Arsenic Content in Natural Water by Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry after Collection As Molybdoarsenate on Activated Carbon, Talanta, 1998, vol. 46, no. 6, pp. 1311–1319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Yoon, Y., Westerhoffa, P., Snyder, S., and Esparza, A.M., HPLC-Fluorescence Detection and Adsorption of Bisphenol A, 17β-Estradiol, and 17α-Ethynyl Estradiol on Powdered Activated Carbon, Water Res., 2003, vol. 37, no. 14, pp. 3530–3537.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Rivera-Utrilla, J., Bautista-Toledo, I.M., Ferro-García, A., and Moreno-Castilla, C., Activated Carbon Surface Modifications by Adsorption of Bacteria and Their Effect on Aqueous Lead Adsorption, J. Chem. Technol. Biotechnol., 2001, vol. 76, no. 12, pp. 1209–1215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Nikolaev, V.G., Mikhalovskii, S.V., and Gurina, N.M., State-Of-The-Art Enterosorbents and How They Work, Efferentnaya Ter., 2005, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 3–17.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Osipova, A.V., Grinshpan, D.D., Savitskaya, T.A., and Nevar, T.N., Application of Uglesorb in Multiple Treatment of Allergic Diseases at a Large Industrial Plant, Immunopatol., Allergol. Infektol., 2004, no. 2, pp. 131–135.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Belyaev, E.Yu., Preparation and Environmental Applications of Activated Charcoal, Khim. Rastit. Syr’ya, 2000, no. 2, pp. 5–15.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Vlasenkov, E.V., Godunov, I.A., Lanin, S.N., et al., Comparative Analysis of the Structural Characteristics of Expanded Graphite and Activated Carbon for the Removal of Organics from Water, Vestn. Mosk. Univ., Ser. 2: Khim., 2005, vol. 46, no. 4, pp. 231–235.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Koganovskii, A.M., Klimenko, N.A., Levchenko, T.N., and Roda, I.G., Adsorbtsiya organicheskikh veshchestv iz vody (Adsorption of Organic Substances from Water), Leningrad: Khimiya, 1990.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Sircar, S., Golden, T.C., and Rao, M.B., Activated Carbon for Gas Separation and Storage, Carbon, 1996, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 1–12.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Moreno-Castilla, C., Adsorption of Organic Molecules from Aqueous Solutions on Carbon Materials, Carbon, 2004, no. 42, pp. 83–94.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Chesnokov, N.V., Kuznetsov, B.N., Mikova, N.M., and Drozdov, V.A., Sorption Properties of Composites Based on Expanded Graphite, Ross. Khim. Zh., 2006, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 75–78.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Bansal, R.C. and Goyal, M., Activated Carbon Adsorption, Boca Raton: Taylor & Francis, 2005.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Quinlivan, P.A., Li, L., and Knappe, D., Effects of Activated Carbon Characteristics on the Simultaneous Adsorption of Aqueous Organic Micropollutants and Natural Organic Matter, Water Res., 2005, no. 39, pp. 1663–1673.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Monser, L. and Adhoum, N., Modified Activated Carbon for the Removal of Copper, Zinc, Chromium and Cyanide from Wastewater, Separ. Purif. Technol., 2002, vol. 26, nos. 2–3, pp. 137–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kilduff, J.E., Karanfil, T., Chin, Y.-P., and Weber, W.J., Adsorption of Natural Organic Polyelectrolytes by Activated Carbon: A Size-Exclusion Chromatography Study, Environ. Sci. Technol., 1996, vol. 30, no. 4, pp. 1336–1343.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ebie, K., Li, F., Azuma, Y., et al., Pore Distribution Effect of Activated Carbon in Adsorbing Organic Micropollutants from Natural Water, Water Res., 2001, no. 35, pp. 167–179.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Mokrova, N.V., Optimal Pore Structure Formation in Activated Carbon, Khim. Tekhnol., 2008, no. 5, pp. 221–225.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Chingombe, P., Saha, B., and Wakeman, R.J., Surface Modification and Characterisation of a Coal-Based Activated Carbon, Carbon, 2005, vol. 43, no. 15, pp. 3132–3143.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kolyshkin, D.A. and Mikhailova, K.K., Aktivnye ugli. Svoistva i metody ispytanii. Spravochnik (Properties and Testing of Activated Carbon: A Handbook), Leningrad: Khimiya, 1972.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    French, A.D., Bertoniere, N.R., Brown, R.M., et al., Encyclopedia of Polymer Science and Technology, Kroschwitz, J.I., Ed., New York: Wiley, 2003, 3rd ed., pp. 473–507.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Savitskaya, T.A., Nevar, T.N., and Grinshpan, D.D., Effect of Water-Soluble Polymers on the Stability and Rheological Properties of Fibrous Activated Carbon Suspensions, Kolloidn. Zh., 2006, vol. 68, no. 1, pp. 1–7.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Cazorla-Amoros, D., Alcaniz-Monge, J., de la Casa-Lillo, M.A., and Linares-Solano, A., CO2 As an Adsorptive to Characterize Carbon Molecular Sieves and Activated Carbons, Langmuir, 1998, vol. 14, pp. 4589–4593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. G. Ivanets
    • 1
  • T. A. Savitskaya
    • 1
  • T. N. Nevar
    • 1
  • D. D. Grinshpan
    • 1
  1. 1.Research Institute of Physicochemical ProblemsBelarussian State UniversityMinskBelarus

Personalised recommendations