Structure and electrical properties of liquid Sn, Sn0.962Ag0.038, Sn0.987Cu0.013, and Sn0.949Ag0.038Cu0.013

Abstract

We have studied the structure, electrical conductivity, and thermopower of liquid Sn, Sn0.962Ag0.038, Sn0.987Cu0.013, and Sn0.949Ag0.038Cu0.013 alloys, which are used as lead-free solders. Diffraction data have been used to develop structural models of the melts. The conductivity and thermopower data have been interpreted in terms of the proposed structural models and resonance s-d scattering.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    Lashko, S.V. and Lashko, N.F., Paika metallov (Metal Soldering), Moscow: Mashinostroenie, 1988.

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Lai, H.L. and Duh, J.G., Lead-Free Sn-Ag and Sn-Ag-Bi Solder Powders Prepared by Mechanical Alloying, J. Electron. Mater., 2003, vol. 32, no. 4, pp. 215–220.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Siewert, Th., Liu, S., Smith, D.R., and Madeni, J.C., Properties of Lead-Free Solders, Release 4.0 Database for Solder Properties with Emphasis on New Lead-Free Solders, Colorado: NIST & Colorado School of Mines, 2002, p. 77.

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Wilson, J.W., Structure of Liquid Metals and Alloys, Metall. Abstr., Ser. III, 1969.

  5. 5.

    Regel’, A.R. and Glazov, V.M., Fizicheskie svoistva elektronnykh rasplavov (Physical Properties of Electronic Melts), Moscow: Nauka, 1980.

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Kaplow, R. and Averbach, B.L., X-ray Diffractometer for the Study of Liquid Structures, Rev. Sci. Instrum., 1963, vol. 34, pp. 579–581.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Cromer, D.T. and Waber, J.T., The Computation of Atomic Scattering Factors, Acta Crystallogr., 1965, vol. 18, no. 5, pp. 104–108.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Plevachuk, Yu. and Sklyarchuk, V., Electrophysical Measurements for Strongly Aggressive Liquid Semiconductors, Meas. Sci. Technol., 2001, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 23–26.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Hulgren, R., Desai, P.D., Hawkins, D.T., et al., Selected Values of the Thermodynamic Data of Binary Alloys, Metals Park: Am. Soc. for Metals, 1973.

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams, Massalski, Th.B., Ed., Metals Park: Am. Soc. for Metals, 1998.

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Faber, T.N. and Ziman, J.M., A Theory of the Electrical Properties of Liquid Metals: III. The Resistivity of Binary Alloys, Philos. Mag., 1965, vol. 11, no. 109, pp. 153–173.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Friedel, J., in The Physics of Metals: 1. Electrons, Ziman, J.M., Ed., London: Cambridge Univ., 1969.

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Ohno, S. and Harada, S., Electrical Properties of Semiconducting Liquid Te with Transition Metal Solutes, J. Phys. Soc. Jpn., 1980, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 189–193.

    CAS  Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to S. I. Mudry.

Additional information

Original Russian Text © S.I. Mudry, V.M. Sklyarchuk, Yu.O. Plevachuk, I.I. Shtablavyi, 2008, published in Neorganicheskie Materialy, 2008, Vol. 44, No. 2, pp. 171–175.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Mudry, S.I., Sklyarchuk, V.M., Plevachuk, Y.O. et al. Structure and electrical properties of liquid Sn, Sn0.962Ag0.038, Sn0.987Cu0.013, and Sn0.949Ag0.038Cu0.013 . Inorg Mater 44, 129–133 (2008). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0020168508020088

Download citation

Keywords

  • Structure Factor
  • Free Path
  • Radial Distribution Function
  • Eutectic Alloy
  • Silver Atom