Dynamics of plasma and ion flux in a vacuum neutron tube
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Results of the numerical simulation of the formation of the ion beam in the accelerating gap of a vacuum neutron tube are presented. Calculations are performed with the KARAT code in a two-dimensional nonstationary formulation for plasma formed in arc discharge and inflowing into an accelerating gap with the given time dependences of parameters (density, expansion velocity). The small duration of the vacuum arc leads to a considerable change of parameters of inflowing plasma during the accelerating pulse. Two geometries are considered: the conventional and sectioned diode, in which the total voltage is divided between the anode, intermediate electrode, and cathode.
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