, Volume 52, Issue 2, pp 251–265 | Cite as

Finite Strain Analysis of the Wadi Fatima Shear Zone in Western Arabia, Saudi Arabia

  • O. M. K. Kassem
  • Z. Hamimi


Neoproterozoic rocks, Oligocene to Neogene sediments and Tertiary Red Sea rift-related volcanics (Harrat) are three dominant major groups exposed in the Jeddah tectonic terrane in Western Arabia. The basement complex comprises amphibolites, schists, and older and younger granites unconformably overlain by a post-amalgamation volcanosedimentary sequence (Fatima Group) exhibiting post-accretionary thrusting and thrust-related structures. The older granites and/or the amphibolites and schists display mylonitization and shearing in some outcrops, and the observed kinematic indicators indicate dextral monoclinic symmetry along the impressive Wadi Fatima Shear Zone. Finite strain analysis of the mylonitized lithologies is used to interpret the deformation history of the Wadi Fatima Shear Zone. The measured finite strain data demonstrate that the amphibolites, schists, and older granites are mildly to moderately deformed, where XZ (axial ratios in XZ direction) vary from 2.76 to 4.22 and from 2.04 to 3.90 for the Rf/φ and Fry method respectively. The shortening axes (Z) have subvertical attitude and are associated with subhorizontal foliation. The data show oblate strain ellipsoids in the different rocks in the studied area and indication bulk flattening strain. We assume that the different rock types have similar deformation behavior. In the deformed granite, the strain data are identical in magnitude with those obtained in the Fatima Group volcanosedimentary sequence. Finite strain accumulated without any significant volume change contemporaneously with syn-accretionary transpressive structures. It is concluded that a simple-shear deformation with constant-volume plane strain exists, where displacement is strictly parallel to the shear plane. Furthermore, the contacts between various lithological units in the Wadi Fatima Shear Zone were formed under brittle to semi-ductile deformation conditions.


Finite strain analysis volcanosedimentary sequence Wadi Fatima Shear Zone (WFSZ) Western Arabia Saudi Arabia 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Geology, Faculty of ScienceKing Saud University (SGSRC)RiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Geology DepartmentNational Research CenterDokki, CairoEgypt
  3. 3.Geology Department, Faculty of ScienceBahna UniversityBenhaEgypt

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