The Mesozoic and Cenozoic seamounts and submarine ridges in the east of the South Atlantic are considered and compared with the coeval tectonomagmatic structures of West Africa. The conclusion is drawn that within-plate magmatism of the Atlantic is a waning process related to the ascent of several large plumes beneath West Africa beginning from the Triassic and subsequent lateral spreading of their material. It is shown that the heated plume material can spread beneath the lithosphere for a great distance, mixing in various proportions with asthenospheric matter, forming melts variable in geochemistry and isotopic characteristics. Cooling of the material takes many tens of years with retention of small magma sources episodically supplying melts to the surface. Localization of permeable zones in the lithosphere, along which the melts ascend, is determined by global stress fields responsible for the formation of long-lived linear tectonic elements on continents, inherited by young oceanic tectonic lines.
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Original Russian Text © A.A. Peyve, 2011, published in Geotektonika, 2011, Vol. 45, No. 3, pp. 31–47.
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Peyve, A.A. Seamounts in the east of South Atlantic: Origin and correlation with Mesozoic-Cenozoic magmatic structures of West Africa. Geotecton. 45, 195–209 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0016852111030058