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Geomagnetism and Aeronomy

, Volume 55, Issue 8, pp 1039–1044 | Cite as

The features of longitudinal distribution of solar spots during the last 13 solar activity minima

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Abstract

We analyzed the features of the longitudinal distribution of the areas of solar spots during the solar activity minima, from the 11th cycle to the last minimum, based on data provided by the Greenwich Observatory and the Marshall Research Center. We discovered that the solar spots evolved in one or two neighboring bands (in terms of longitude), the Carrington longitude of which smoothly displaced from the east to the west, in the phase of the deep minimum in all of the considered cases. The spots at the high latitudes associated with a “new” cycle evolved on the same longitude bands. All of this led to the noticeable longitudinal asymmetry of magnetic fluxes related to the spots and flocculi. Based on our research, we propose the hypothesis that a nonaxisymmetric component of the total magnetic flux of the Sun is generated, together with the dipole component, by the solar dynamo mechanism, which is a typical feature of the phase of a minimum between the solar activity cycles.

Keywords

Magnetic Flux Solar Cycle Solar Magnetic Field Longitudinal Distribution Solar Activity Cycle 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Karpov Institute of Physical ChemistryMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Main (Pulkovo) Astronomical ObservatoryRussian Academy of SciencesSt. PetersburgRussia
  3. 3.Saint Petersburg State UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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