Skip to main content
Log in

Results of Russian experiments dealing with the impact of powerful HF radiowaves on the high-latitude ionosphere using the EISCAT facilities

  • Published:
Geomagnetism and Aeronomy Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

We present the results of complex experiments dealing with the impact of powerful HF radiowaves on the high-latitude ionosphere using the European Incoherent Scatter Scientific Association (EISCAT) facilities. During the ionospheric F-region heating by powerful extraordinary (X-mode) polarized HF radiowaves under the conditions of heating near the critical f H frequency f Hf x F2 of the extraordinary wave of the F2-layer, we were first to detect the excitation of intense artificial small-scale ionospheric irregularities (ASIs), accompanied by electron temperature increases by approximately 50%. The results of coordinated satellite and ground-based observations of the powerful HF radiowave impact on the high-latitude ionosphere are considered. During ionospheric F-region heating by powerful HF radiowaves of ordinary polarization (O-mode) during evening hours, the phenomenon of ion outflow accompanied by electron temperature increases and thermal plasma expansion was revealed. Concurrent DMSP-F15 satellite measurements at a height of about 850 km indicate an O+ ion density increase. The CHAMP satellite observations identified ULF emissions at the modulation frequency (3 Hz) of the powerful HF radiowave, generated during modulated emissions of the powerful HF radiowave of O-polarization and accompanied by a substantial increase in the electron temperature and ASI generation.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • Avdeev, V.B., Belei, V.S., Belenov, A.F., et al., Overview of Results Dealing with Scattering of HF Signals on Artificial Plasma Turbulence, Obtained Using a UTR-2 Radio Telescope, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Radiofiz., 1994, vol. 37, pp. 479–492.

    Google Scholar 

  • Blagoveshchenskaya, N.F., Kornienko, V.A., Petlenko, A.V., et al., Geophysical Phenomena During An Ionospheric Modification Experiment at Tromsø, Ann. Geophys., 1998, vol. 16, pp. 1212–1225.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Blagoveshchenskaya, N.F., Kornienko, V.A., Brekke, A., et al., Phenomena Observed by HF Long-Distance Tools in the HF Modified Auroral Ionosphere During Magnetospheric Substorm, Radio Sci., 1999, vol. 34, pp. 715–724.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Blagoveshchenskaya, N.F., Geofizicheskie Effekty Aktivnykh Vozdeistvii V Okolozemnom Kosmicheskom Prostranstve (Geophysical Effects due to Active Impacts in Near Space), St. Petersburg: Gidrometeoizdat, 2001, p. 287.

    Google Scholar 

  • Blagoveshchenskaya, N.F., Borisova, T.D., Kornienko, V.A., et al., Phenomena in the Ionosphere-Magnetosphere System Induced by Injection of Powerful HF Radio-waves Into Night-Side Auroral Ionosphere, Ann. Geophys., 2005, vol. 23, no. 1, pp. 87–100.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Blagoveshchenskaya, N.F., Borisova, T.D., Kornienko, V.A., et al., Artificial Field-Aligned Irregularities in Nightside Auroral Ionosphere, Adv. Space Res., 2006a, vol. 38, pp. 2503–2510.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Blagoveshchenskaya, N.F., Kornienko, V.A., Borisova, T.D., et al., Heater-Induced Phenomena in a Coupled Ionosphere-Magnetosphere System, Adv. Space Res., 2006b, vol. 38, pp. 2495–2502.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Blagoveshchenskaya, N.F., Borisova, T.D., Kornienko, V.A., et al., SPEAR-Induced Field-Aligned Irregularities Observed from Bistatic HF Radio Scattering in the Polar Ionosphere, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 2009a, vol. 71, pp. 11–20.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Blagoveshchenskaya, N.F., Carlson, H.C., Kornienko, V.A., et al., Phenomena Induced by Powerful HF Pumping towards Magnetic Zenith with a Frequency Near the F-Region Critical Frequency and the Third Electron Gyro Harmonic Frequency, Ann. Geophys., 2009b, vol. 27, pp. 131–145.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Coster, A.J., Djuth, F.T., Jost, R.J., and Gordon, W.E., The Temporal Evolution of 3-m Striations in the Modified Ionosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 1985, vol. 90, pp. 2807–2818.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Erukhimov, L.M., Metelev, S.A., Artificial Ionospheric Turbulence: Overview, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved. Radiofiz., 1987, vol. 30, pp. 208–226.

    Google Scholar 

  • Fejer, J.A., Ionospheric Modification and Parametric Instabilities, Rev. Geophys., 1979, vol. 17, pp. 135–153.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Forme, F.R.E. and Fontaine, D., Enhanced Ion Acoustic Fluctuations and Ion Outflow, Ann. Geophys., 1999, vol. 17, pp. 190–209.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Foster, C., Lester, M., and Davies, J.A., A Statistical Study of Diurnal, Seasonal and Solar Cycle Variations of F-Region and Topside Auroral Upflows Observed by EISCAT between 1984 and 1996, Ann. Geophys., 1998, vol. 16, pp. 1144–1158.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Frolov, V.L., Erukhimov, L.M., Metelev, S.A., et al., Temporal Behaviour of Artificial Small-Scale Ionospheric Irregularities: Review of Experimental Results, J. Atmos. & Solar-Terr. Phys., 1997, vol. 59, pp. 2317–2328.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Getmantsev, G.G., Zuikov, N.S., Kotik, D.S., et al., Detection of Raman Frequencies during Interaction of Powerful High-Frequency Radiation with Ionospheric Plasma, Pis’ma Zh.ETF, 1974, vol. 20, pp. 229–232.

    Google Scholar 

  • Grach, S.M. and Karashtin, A.N., Mityakov et al., Thermal Parametric Instability in Inhomogeneous Plasma: Nonlinear Theory, Fiz. Plazmy, 1978, vol. 4, pp. 1330–1340.

    Google Scholar 

  • Greenwald, R.A., Baker, K.B., Dudeney, J.R., et al., DARN/SuperDARN: A Global View of the Dynamics of High-Latitude Convection, Space Sci. Rev., 1995, vol. 71, pp. 761–796.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gurevich, A.V. and Shvartsburg, A.B., Nelineinaya teoriya rasprostraneniya radiovoln v ionosfere (Nonlinear Theory of Radiowave Propagation in the Ionosphere), Moscow: Nauka, 1973, p. 276.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gurevich, A.V., Nonlinear Phenomena in the Ionosphere, Usp. Fiz. Nauk, 2007, vol. 177, no. 11, pp. 1145–1177.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Ivanov, V.A., Ignat’ev, Yu.A., Frolov, V.A., et al., Focusing Properties of an Artificial Large-Scale Disturbance Region on a 25-km Path, Geomagn. Aeron., 1986, vol. 26, pp. 328–334.

    Google Scholar 

  • Milikh, G.M., Papadopoulos, K., McCarric, M., and Preston, J., ELF Emission Generated by the HAARP HF Heater Using Varying Frequency and Polarization, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Radiofiz., 1999, vol. 42, pp. 728–735.

    Google Scholar 

  • Milikh, G.M., Papadopoulos, K., Shroff, H., et al., Formation of Artificial Ionospheric Ducts, Geophys. Rev. Lett., 2008, vol. 35, pp. L17104–L17108.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Noble, S.T., Djuth, F.T., Jost, R.J., et al., Multiple Frequency Radar Observations of High-Latitude E Region Irregularities in the HF Modified Ionosphere, J. Geophys. Res., 1987, vol. 92, pp. 13613–13627.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Reigber, C., Lhr, H., and Schwintzer, P., CHAMP Mission Status, Adv. Space Res., 2002, vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 129–141.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rietveld, M.T., Kohl, H., Kopka, H., and Stubbe, P., Introduction to Ionospheric Heating at Tromsø. P. I. Experimental Overview, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 1993, vol. 55, pp. 577–599.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rietveld, M.T., Kosch, M.J., Blagoveshchenskaya, N.F., et al., Ionospheric Electron Heating, Optical Emissions, and Striations Induced by Powerful HF Radio-waves at High Latitudes: Aspect Angle Dependence, J. Geophys. Res., 2003, vol. 108, no. A4, pp. SIA 2-1–SIA 2-16.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Rishbeth, H. and van Eyken, T., EISCAT: Early History and the First Ten Years of Operation, J. Atmos. Terr. Phys., 1993, vol. 55, pp. 525–542.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Robinson, T.R., Strangeway, R., Wright, D.M., et al., FAST Observations of ULF Waves Injected Into the Magnetosphere by Means of Modulated RF Heating of the Auroral Electrojet, Geophys. Rev. Lett., 2000, vol. 27, pp. 3165–3168.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Stubbe, P. and Kopka, H., Modification of the Polar Electrojet by Powerful HF Radiowaves, J. Geophys. Res., 1977, vol. 82, pp. 2319–2325.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Stubbe, P., Review of Ionospheric Modification Experiments at Tromsø, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 1996, vol. 58, pp. 349–368.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Thome, G.D. and Blood, D.W., First Observation of RF Backscatter from Field-Aligned Irregularities Produced by Ionospheric Heating, Rad. Sci., 1974, vol. 9, pp. 917–929.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Vas’kov, V.V. and Gurevich, A.V., Nonlinear Resonance Instability of Plasma in the Field of an Ordinary Electromagnetic Wave, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz., 1975, vol. 69, pp. 176–188.

    Google Scholar 

  • Wahlund, J.-E., Opgenoorth, H.J., Hggstrm, I., et al., EISCAT Observations of Topside Ionospheric Ion Outflows During Auroral Activity: Revisited, J. Geophys. Res., 1992, vol. 97, pp. 3019–3037.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Additional information

Original Russian Text © N.F. Blagoveshchenskaya, T.D. Borisova, M.T. Rietveld, T.K. Yeoman, D.M. Wright, M. Rother, H. Lühr, E.V. Mishin, C. Roth, 2011, published in Solnechno-Zemnaya Fizika, 2011, Vol. 18, pp. 16–26.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Blagoveshchenskaya, N.F., Borisova, T.D., Rietveld, M.T. et al. Results of Russian experiments dealing with the impact of powerful HF radiowaves on the high-latitude ionosphere using the EISCAT facilities. Geomagn. Aeron. 51, 1109–1120 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0016793211080160

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S0016793211080160

Keywords

Navigation