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Thermodynamic Analysis of Reactions of CO2 Fluid with Garnet and Clinopyroxene at 3–6 GPa


Diamond-hosted inclusions provide information on the composition of the upper mantle. Many researchers found molecular CO2 inclusions, along with mineral and melt ones, in diamonds. Available experimental data on simplified systems suggest that CO2 fluid cannot occur in equilibrium with rock-forming mantle minerals. However, it was suggested that the complex composition of minerals contributes to their stabilization. This paper presents thermodynamic calculations for reactions of diopside–jadeite and pyrope–grossular solid solutions with CO2. It is shown that the formation of the solid solutions expands the stability field of CO2 fluid with eclogite minerals to lower temperatures, corresponding to the geothermal parameters of the continental lithosphere. The obtained relationships are confirmed by the results of preliminary experiments with model mixtures at high pressures and temperatures.

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The study on a scanning electron microscope was carried out at the Center for Collective Use for Multielemental and Isotope Studies of the Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences.


This study was done on the state assignment for the Sobolev Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences, and was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project no. 21-55-14001. KDL was supported by the state assignment for the Institute for High Pressure Physics, Russian Academy of Sciences.

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Correspondence to Y. G. Vinogradova.

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Translated by E. Kurdyukov

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Vinogradova, Y.G., Shatskiy, A.F. & Litasov, K.D. Thermodynamic Analysis of Reactions of CO2 Fluid with Garnet and Clinopyroxene at 3–6 GPa. Geochem. Int. 59, 851–857 (2021).

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  • thermodynamic calculations
  • CO2 fluid
  • pyrope
  • grossular
  • diopside
  • jadeite
  • upper mantle
  • diamond