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Geochemistry International

, Volume 56, Issue 3, pp 266–275 | Cite as

Copper Adsorption by Chernozem Soils and Parent Rocks in Southern Russia

  • D. L. Pinskii
  • T. M. Minkina
  • T. V. Bauer
  • D. G. Nevidomskaya
  • S. S. Mandzhieva
  • M. V. Burachevskaya
Article
  • 23 Downloads

Abstract

Laboratory data in Cu2+ adsorption by chernozems and parent rocks in Rostov region show that adsorption isotherms can be approximated by the Langmuir equation, whose parameters (Kl and C) were calculated for all of the samples. The values of C show a strong negative correlation with the values of cationexchange capacity (CEC) (r =–0.88 at Р = 0.95), and Kl is correlated with the content of physical clay (particles <0.01 mm) (r = 0.78) and with clay (particles <0.001 mm) content in ordinary chernozem and southern chernozems of various particle size distribution (r = 0.80). Even stronger correlations were detected between these parameters in southern chernozems (r = 0.89 for the physical clay (PC) and r = 0.91 for the silt). However, none of the samples displays a significant correlation of C and Kl with the contents of physical clay and silt. This led us to conclude that the composition of the samples, for example, their organic matter, can affect Cu2+ adsorption by the soils and parent rocks. Acidification mechanisms of the equilibrium solutions during the Cu2+ adsorption by soils are discussed, as also are the reasons for the absence of balance between Cu2+ adsorbed by soils and exchangeable cations transferred into solution. Analysis of the fine structures of the XANES and EXAFS spectra suggests that Cu2+ can form coordinated chelate complex compounds with humic acids (HA) of soils and can substitute Al3+ at octahedral sites when interacting with clay minerals in soils.

Keywords

adsorption copper chernozem particle size distribution in soils parent rocks XAFS spectroscopy 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. L. Pinskii
    • 1
  • T. M. Minkina
    • 2
  • T. V. Bauer
    • 2
  • D. G. Nevidomskaya
    • 2
  • S. S. Mandzhieva
    • 2
  • M. V. Burachevskaya
    • 2
  1. 1.Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems in Soil ScienceRussian Academy of SciencesPushchinoRussia
  2. 2.Southern Federal UniversityRostov-on-DonRussia

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