Skip to main content
Log in

Comments on the paper “The nature of “Svecofennian” zircon in the Belomorian Mobile Belt and some geological implications” by A.A. Shchipanskii and A.I. Slabunov

  • Discussion
  • Published:
Geochemistry International Aims and scope Submit manuscript

Abstract

Eclogites were relatively recently found in the Belomorian Mobile Belt (BMB) (Volodichev et al., 2004; Shchipanskii et al., 2005; Konilov et al., 2004). The very first isotopic dates (Volodichev et al., 2004; Mints et al., 2010) were obtained for these rocks in the northwestern (in the Salma and Kuru-Vaara areas) and central (Gridino area) portions of BMB and corresponded to the Archean: approximately 2.72–2.87 Ga. Because no crustal eclogites older that 2.0 Ga (Möller et al., 1995) had been known before these dates were obtained, these eclogites were regarded as unique. It is commonly believed that no crustal eclogites could be formed in the Archean because the crust was then relatively thin (Kröner, 2010), and hence, the find of crustal eclogites of Archean age in BMB called for a fundamental revision of geodynamic reconstructions of the crustal evolution and was one of the main arguments invoked to support the hypothesis that currently operating geodynamic mechanisms of plate tectonic can be extrapolated to the Early Precambrian (Rozen et al., 2008). However, these finds were practically immediately followed by serious doubts that the primary estimates of the timing of the eclogite metamorphism in the Belomorian Belt may be incorrect (Mitrofanov et al., 2009; and others).

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others

References

  • A. V. Berezin and S. G. Skublov, Eclogite-like apogabbro rocks in Sidorov and Bolshaya Ileika Islands, Keret Archipelago, White Sea: compositional characteristics, metamorphic age and conditions, Petrology 22 (3), 234–254 (2014).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • A. V. Berezin, S. G. Skublov, Yu. B. Marin, A. E. Mel’nik, and E. S. Bogomolov, “New occurrence of eclogite in the Belomorian Mobile Belt: geology, metamorphic conditions, and isotope age,” Dokl. Earth Sci. 448 (1), 43–53 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • A. V. Berezin, V. V. Travin, Yu. B. Marin, S. G. Skublov, and E. S. Bogomolov, “New U–Pb and Sm–Nd ages and P–T estimates for eclogitization in the Fe-Rich gabbro dyke in Gridino Area (Belomorian Mobile Belt),” Dokl. Earth Sci. 444 (2), 760–766 (2012).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • H. Cheng, C. Zhang, J. D. Vervoort, H. Lu, C. Wang, and D. Cao, “Zircon U-Pb and garnet Lu–Hf geochronology of eclogites from the Lhasa Block, Tibet,” Lithos 155, 341–359 (2012).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • H. Cheng, R. L. King, E. Nakamura, J. D. Vervoort, and Z. Zhou, “Coupled Lu–Hf and Sm–Nd geochronology constrains garnet growth in ultra-high-pressure eclogites from the Dabie orogen,” J. Metamorph. Geol. 26 (7), 741–758 (2008).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • H. Cheng, R. L. King, E. Nakamura, J. D. Vervoort, Y. F. Zheng, T. Ota, Y. B. Wu, K. Kobayashi, and Z. Y. Zhou, “Transitional time of oceanic to continental subduction in the Dabie orogen: constraints from U–Pb, Lu–Hf, Sm–Nd and Ar–Ar multichronometric dating,” Lithos 110 (1), 327–342 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • S. Endo, S. Wallis, T. Hirata, R. Anczkiewicz, J. Platt, M. Thirlwall, and Y. Asahara, “Age and early metamorphic history of the Sanbagawa belt: Lu–Hf and P‒T constraints from the Western Iratsu eclogite,” J. Metamorph. Geol. 27(5), 371–384 (2009).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • GERM Partition Coefficient (Kd) Database, https:// earthref.org/KDD/

  • J. G. Fitton, A. D. Saunders, M. J. Norry, B. S. Hardarson, and R. N. Taylor, “Thermal and chemical structure of the Iceland plume,” Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 153 (3), 197–208 (1997).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • D. Herwartz, S. G. Skublov, A. V. Berezin, and A. E. Mel’nik, “First Lu–Hf garnet ages of eclogites from the Belomorian Mobile Belt (Baltic Shield, Russia),” Dokl. Earth Sci. 443 (1), 377–380 (2012).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • E. D. Kelly, W. D. Carlson, and J. N. Connelly, “Implications of garnet resorption for the Lu–Hf garnet geochronometer: an example from the contact aureole of the Makhavinekh Lake Pluton, Labrador,” J. Metamorph. Geol. 29(8), 901–916 (2011).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • A. N. Konilov, A. A. Shchipansky, M. V. Mints, and O. I. Volodichev, “Petrology of eclogites of the Belomorian province,” 32nd IGC. Abstracts. Florence, Italy, 2004 (Florence, 2004), Part 1, p. 108.

    Google Scholar 

  • A. Kröner, “The role of geochronology in understanding continental evolution,” The Evolving Continents: Understanding Processes of Continental Growth, Ed. by T. M. Kusky, M.-G. Zhai, W. Xiao, Geol. Soc. Spec. Publ., London 338, 179–196 (2010).

    Google Scholar 

  • A. E. Mel’nik, A. V. Berezin, and S. G. Skublov, “Age (U‒Pb, Sm–Nd) and geochemical features of garnetites in the Salma eclogites, Belomorian mobile belt,” Zap. Ross. Mineral. O-va 143 (6), 17–33 (2014).

    Google Scholar 

  • A. E. Mel’nik, Extended Abstract of Candidate’s Dissertation in Geology and Mineralogy (IGGD RAN, St. Petersburg, 2015) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  • A. E. Mel’nik, S. G. Skublov, Yu. B. Marin, A. V. Berezin, and E. S. Bogomolov, “New data on the age (U–Pb, Sm–Nd) of garnetites from Salma eclogites of the Belomorian Mobile Belt,” Dokl. Earth Sci. 448 (1), 78–85 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • M. V. Mints, E. A. Belousova, A. N. Konilov, L. M. Natapov, A. A. Shchipansky, W. L. Griffin, S. Y. O’Reilly, K. A. Dokukina, and T. V. Kaulina, “Mesoarchean subduction processes: 2.87 Ga eclogites from the Kola Peninsula, Russia,” Geology 38 (8), 739–742 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • F. P. Mitrofanov, “Early Precambrian geodynamics, magmatism and metallogeny of the Kola Province,” Vestn. Murmansk. Tekhn. Univ. 12 (4), 567–570 (2009).

    Google Scholar 

  • A. Möller, P. Appel, K. Mezger, and V. Schenk, “Evidence for a 2 Ga subduction zone: eclogites in the Usagarian belt of Tanzania,” Geology 23 (12), 1067–1070 (1995).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • J. A. Pearce, “Geochemical fingerprinting of oceanic basalts with applications to ophiolite classification and the search for Archean oceanic crust,” Lithos 100 (1), 14–48 (2008).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • T. J. Peters, Experimental and Field Based Investigations into the Behavior of Zircon in Hydrothermal and Deep-Tectonic Environments during Mountain-Building and Crustal-Evolution Events. PhD Thesis, (Vanderbilt University, Nashville, 2012).

    Google Scholar 

  • O. M. Rosen, A. A. Shchipansky and O. M. Turkina, Geodynamics of the Early Earth: Evolution and Stability of Geological Processes (Ophiolites, Island Arcs, Cratons, and Sedimentary Basins) (Mir, Moscow, 2008) [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  • D. Rubato and J. Hermann, “Experimental zircon/melt and zircon/garnet trace element partitioning and implications for the geochronology of crustal rocks,” Chem. Geol. 241 (1), 38–61 (2007).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • A. A. Shchipansky and A. I. Slabunov, “Provenance of “Svecofennian” zircons in the Belomorian Mobile Belt, Baltic Shield, and some geodynamic implications,” Geochem. Int. 53 (10), 869–891 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • A. A. Shchipansky, A. N. Konilov, M. V. Mints, K. A. Dokukina, and S. Yu. Sokolikova, “Late Archean eclogites of Salma, Belomorian mobile belt, Kola Peninsula, Russia: Petrogenesis, age, and significance for the geodynamic interpretation of settings of the early continental crust formation,” in Belomorian Mobile Belt and Its Analogues: Geology, Geochronology, Geodynamics, and Mineralogy (KArNTs RAN, Petrozavodsk, 2005), pp. 324–327 [in Russian].

    Google Scholar 

  • A. A. Shchpansky, L. I. Khodorevskaya, A. N. Konilov, and A I. Slabunov, “Eclogites from the Belomorian Mobile belt (Kola Peninsula): geology and petrology,” Russ Geol. Geophys. 53 (1), 1–29 (2012a).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • A. A. Shchipansky, L. I. Khodorevskaya, and A. I. Slabunov, “The geochemistry and isotopic age of eclogites from the Belomorian Belt (Kola Peninsula): evidence from subducted Archean oceanc crust,” Russ. Geol. Geophys. 53 (3), 262–280 (2012b).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • S. G. Skublov, Yu. A. Balashov, Yu. B. Marin, A. V. Berezin, A. E. Mel’nik, and I. P. Paderin, “U–Pb age and geochemistry of zircons from Salma eclogites (Kuru-Vaara Deposit, Belomorian Belt),” Dokl. Earth Sci. 432 (2), 791–798 (2010).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • S. G. Skublov, B. Yu. Astaf’ev, Yu. B. Marin, A. V. Berezin, A. E. Mel’nik, and S. L. Presnyakov, New Data on the Age of Eclogites from the Belomorian Mobile Belt at Gridino Settlement Area Dokl. Earth Sci. 439 (2), 1163–1170 (2011a).

    Google Scholar 

  • S. G. Skublov, A. V. Berezin, and A. E. Mel’nik, “Paleoproterozoic eclogites in the Salma Area, northwestern Belomorian Mobile Belt: composition and isotopic geochronologic characteristics of minerals and metamorphic age,” Petrology 19 (5), 470–495 (2011b).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • S. G. Skublov, A. V. Berezin, and N. G. Berezhnaya, “General relations in the trace-element composition of zircons from eclogites with implications for the age of eclogites in the Belomorian Mobile Belt,” Petrology 20 (5), 427–449 (2012).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • S. G. Skublov, A. E. Mel’nik, Yu. B. Marin, A. V. Berezin, E. S. Bogomolov, and F. I. Ishmurzin, “New data on the age (U–Pb, Sm–Nd) of metamorphism and a protolith of eclogite-like rocks from the Krasnaya Guba Area, Belomorian Belt,” Dokl. Earth Sci. 453 (1), 1158–1164 (2013).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • S. G. Skublov, A. V. Berezin, A. E. Mel’nik, B. Yu. Astaf’ev, O. A. Voinova, and V. I. Alekseev, “Protolith age of eclogites from the southern part of Pezhostrov Island, Belomorian Belt: protolith of metabasites as indicator of eclogitization time,” Petrology 24 (6), 594–607 (2016).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • R. J. M. Taylor, S. L. Harley, R. W. Hinton, S. Elphick, C. Clark, and N. M. Kelly, “Experimental determination of REE partition coefficients between zircon, garnet and melt: a key to understanding high-T crustal processes,” J. Metamorph. Geol. 33 (3), 231–248 (2015).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • J. A. Van Orman, T. L. Grove, and N. Shimizu, “Diffusive fractionation of trace elements during production and transport of melt in Earth’s upper mantle,” Earth Planet. Sci. Lett. 198 (1), 93–112 (2002).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • O. I. Volodichev, A. I. Slabunov, E. V. Bibikova, A. N. Konilov, and T. I. Kuzenko, “Archean eclogites in the Belomorian Mobile Belt, Baltic Shield,” Petrology 12 (6), 540–560 (2004).

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to A. V. Berezin.

Additional information

Original Russian Text © A.V. Berezin, A.E. Mel’nik, S.G. Skublov, 2017, published in Geokhimiya, 2017, No. 3, pp. 262–268.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Berezin, A.V., Mel’nik, A.E. & Skublov, S.G. Comments on the paper “The nature of “Svecofennian” zircon in the Belomorian Mobile Belt and some geological implications” by A.A. Shchipanskii and A.I. Slabunov. Geochem. Int. 55, 306–311 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0016702917030028

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S0016702917030028

Navigation