Numerical and experimental investigation of the means for reducing the aeroacoustic loads in an extended rectangular cavity at subsonic and transonic freestream velocities
The results of a comprehensive investigation including numerical calculations and experiments with models in a wind tunnel and a vehicle under flight conditions aiming to find the ways of reducing the pressure fluctuation levels in an extended cavity at subsonic and transonic freestream velocities are presented. It is shown that the reduction of these loads can be achieved using the means which have demonstrated their effectiveness for cavities with the open-type flows, for example, a permeable deflector and the bevelling of the rear wall but only in the case of a given combination of their geometric parameters. The mechanisms of the action of these devices on the flow, thanks to which the intensity of the wave disturbances generated by the rear wall is reduced, the instability wave growth in the mixing layer behind the deflector is limited, and the fluctuation level in the cavity decreases, are investigated. The results of numerical investigations of the flow in a cavity with a permeable deflector are apparently among the first.
Keywordsextended cavity permeable deflector turbulent flows mixing layer instability wave wave disturbances dissipation losses aeroacoustic loads pressure fluctuations combined numerical methods
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