Advertisement

Entomological Review

, Volume 91, Issue 9, pp 1224–1225 | Cite as

On the validization of the name Chironomus (Camptochironomus) pallidivittatus sensu edwards, 1929 and elimination of the name Chironomus pallidivittatus Malloch, 1915

  • J. Martin
  • M. G. Butler
  • N. A. Shobanov
  • I. I. Kiknadze
Short Communications
  • 47 Downloads

Abstract

The name Chironomus pallidivittatus sensu Edwards is widely used by specialists for the European species described by Edwards, whereas the use of the name Ch. tentans var. pallidivittatus Malloch is limited. In the light of the wide use of the name Chironomus pallidivittatus sensu Edwards, particularly in fields outside taxonomy, combined with virtually no publications on the Ch. tentans variety pallidivittatus Malloch, we recommend that the original Malloch’s application of the name should be suppressed in favor of that of Edwards, 1929. At the same time, synonymy of Ch. pallidivittatus s. Malloch with Ch. tentans Fabricius supposed by Townes (1945) is erroneous. Detailed cytogenetic (Kiknadze et al., 1996) and morphological (Shobanov et al., 1999) studies of North American, European, and Asian populations demonstrated the common occurrence of Ch. dilutus Shobanov, Kiknadze et Butler, 1999 in the Nearctic. This species is different from Ch. tentans but identical with Ch. tentans var. pallidivittatus Malloch, 1915 and the “Nearctic Ch. tentans” sensu Townes (1945).

[The authors apparently are misled by their complete ignorance of the International Code of the Zoological Nomenclature. The statement that the species that they had described, Ch. dilutus Shobanov, Kiknadze et Butler, 1999 is identical with Ch. tentans var. pallidivittatus Malloch, 1915 means that the name Ch. pallidivittatus Malloch, 1915 is a senior synonym and should be used as a valid name for this species instead of Ch. dilutus. The name C. pallidivittatus sensu Edwards cannot be introduced in use because of its homonymy with Ch. pallidivittatus Malloch.-Ed.]

Keywords

Entomological Review Genital Morphology Complete Ignorance Senior Synonym Chromosome Band Pattern 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

References

  1. 1.
    Beerman, W., “Cytogenetische Analyse eines Camptochironomus Artbastards. I. Kreuzungsergebnisse und die Evolution des Karyotypes,” Chromosoma 7, 198–259 (1955).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Edwards, F.W., “British Non-Biting Midges,” Trans. Entomol. Soc. London 77, 279–430 (1929).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Fabricius, J.G., Systema antliatorum: secundum ordines, genera, species (Brunsvigae, 1805).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Frison, T.H., “A List of the Insect Types in the Collection of the Illinois State Natural History Survey and the University of Illinois,” Illinois State Nat. Hist. Survey Bull. 16, 137–309 (1927).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Goetghebuer, M., “Chironomides de Belgique et specialement de la zone des Flandries,” Mem. Mus. R. Hist. Nat. Belg. 8, 1–211 (1921).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Goetghebuer, M., “Dipteres (Nematoceres). Chironomidae. III. Chironomariae,” Faune Fr. 5, 1–174 (1928).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Hein, J. and Schmulbach, J.C., “Intraspecific and Interspecific Breeding Behavior of Chironomus pallidivittatus (Diptera, Chironomidae),” Can. Entomol. 103, 458–464 (1971).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kalugina, N.S., “A Larva and a Pupa of Chironomus (Camptochironomus) pallidivittatus Mall. (Diptera, Chironomidae),” Zool. Zh. 42(4), 624–627 (1983).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kiknadze, I.I., Butler, M.G., Aimanova, K.G., et al., “Divergent Cytogenetic Evolution in Nearctic and Palearctic Populations of Sibling Species in Chironomus (Camptochironomus) Kieffer,” Can. J. Zool. 76, 361–376 (1998).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kiknadze, I.I., Butler, M.G., Aimanova, K.G., et al., “Geographic Variation in the Polytene Chromosome Banding Pattern of the Holarctic Midge Chironomus (Camptochironomus) tentans (Fabricius),” Can. J. Zool. 74, 171–191 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Malloch, J.R., “The Chironomidae of Illinois,” Bull. Illinois State Labor. Nat. Hist. 10, 1–209 (1915).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Shilova, A.I., “The Palaearctic Species of the Subgenus Camptochironomus Keff., Genus Tendipes Mg. (Diptera, Chironomidae),” Entomol. Obozr. 36(1), 224–230 (1957).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Shobanov, N.A., Kiknadze, I.I., and Butler, M.G., “Palaearctic and Nearctic Chironomus (Camptochironomus) tentans (Fabricius) are Different Species (Diptera: Chironomidae),” Ent. Scand. 30, 311–322 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Sublette, J.E. and Sublette, M.S., “Family Chironomidae (Tendipedidae),” in A Catalog of the Diptera of America, North of Mexico (U.S. Dept. Agric. Handb. Suppl. 276) (1965), pp. 142–181.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Townes, H.K., “The Nearctic Species of Tendipedini (Diptera, Tendipedidae (= Chironomidae)),” Amer. Midl. Nat. 34, 1–206 (1945).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Webb, D.W., “Primary Insect Types in the Illinois Natural History Survey Collection, Exclusive of the Collembola and Thysanoptera,” Illinois Nat. Hist. Survey Bull. 32, 55–189 (1980).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Martin
    • 1
  • M. G. Butler
    • 2
  • N. A. Shobanov
    • 3
  • I. I. Kiknadze
    • 4
  1. 1.University of MelbourneVictoriaAustralia
  2. 2.North Dakota State UniversityFargoUSA
  3. 3.Institute for Biology of Inland WatersRussian Academy of SciencesBorok, Yaroslavl ProvinceRussia
  4. 4.Institute for Cytology and Genetics, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia

Personalised recommendations