Skip to main content

Pleistocene Mammals from the Lang Trang Cave (Vietnam): New Data


The following mammal assemblage was identified among the materials collected in 2020 from the Pleistocene of the Lang Trang cave (northern Vietnam): the primates Pongo sp., Trachypithecus sp., Macaca cf. nemestrina (Linnaeus, 1766), and Macaca sp.; the carnivorans Arctonyx collaris rostratus Matthew et Granger, 1923 and Panthera sp.; the chiropteran Ia io Thomas, 1902; the rodent Hystrix kiangsenensis Wang, 1931; the proboscidean Elephas sp.; the perissodactyls Tapirus indicus (Desmarest, 1819) and Dicerorhinus sumatrensis (Fischer, 1814); the artiodactyls Sus scrofa Linnaeus, 1758, S. barbatus Müller, 1838, Tragulus kanchil (Raffles, 1821), Hydropotes inermis Swinhoe, 1870, Muntiacus muntjak (Zimmermann, 1780), Axis porcinus (Zimmermann, 1780), Rusa unicolor (Kerr, 1792), and Capricornis sumatraensis (Bechstein, 1799). Iio, S. barbatus, T. kanchil, H. inermis, and A. porcinus were detected in the Lang Trang fauna for the first time. The mammal assemblage is dominated by inhabitants of tropical forests (from lowlands to mountains), subtropical forms are also present.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1.
Fig. 2.
Fig. 3.


  1. 1

    Long, V.T., De Vos, J., and Ciochon, R.L., Bull. Indo-Pacif. Prehist. Assoc., 1996, vol. 14, pp. 101–109.

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2

    Ciochon, R.L., in Out of Africa I: The First Hominin Colonization of Eurasia, Fleagle, J.G., Shea, J.J., Grine, F.E., et al., Еds., Cambridge: Springer; 2010, pp. 111–126.

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3

    Suraprasit, K., Jaeger, J.-J., Chaimanee, Y., et al., ZooKeys, 2016, vol. 613, pp. 1–157.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4

    Schwartz, J.H., Long, V.T., Cuong, N.L., et al., Anthropol. Papers Am. Mus. Nat. Hist., 1995, no. 76, pp. 1–24.

  5. 5

    Jablonski, N.G., in The Primate Fossil Records, Yartwig, W.C., Ed., Cambridge Univ. Press, 2002, pp. 311–338.

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6

    Young, C.C., Palaeontol. Sin. Ser. C, 1934, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 30–41.

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7

    Chang, Y., Paleovertebr. Paleoanthropol., 1959, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 141–144.

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8

    Kowalski, K. and Li, C., Vertebr. PalAsiat., 1963, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 83–118.

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9

    Qiu, Z., Li, C., and Hu, S., Vertebr. PalAsiat., 1984, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 281–293.

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10

    Maschenko, E.N. and Kuznetsov, G.V., Zool. Zh., 2014, vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 259–273.

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11

    Cranbrook, Earl of, and Piper, P.J., Integr. Zool., 2013, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 95–120.

  12. 12

    Bacon, A.-M., Demeter, F., Duringer, P., et al., Quat. Sci. Rev., 2008, vol. 27, no. 15–16, pp. 1627–1654.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13

    Bacon, A.-M., Demeter, F., Tougard, C., et al., Compt. Rend. Palevol., 2008, vol. 7, no. 5, pp. 277–288.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


We are grateful to A.N. Kuznetsov, S.P. Kuznetsova, all Vietnamese colleagues (Joint Russian–Vietnamese Tropical Scientific and Technological Center), and A.A. Lozovsky (PIN) for assistance in the field works, as well as A.M. Kuznetsov and S.V. Bagirov (PIN) for assistance in the preparation of images.


This study was performed in the framework of the work of the Joint Russian–Vietnamese Tropical Scientific and Technological Center (Hanoi, Vietnam), research project E-1.4 “The Composition of the Fauna of Primates (Cercopithecidae, Pongidae) and Rodents (Rodentia) of the Pleistocene and Holocene of Vietnam as an Indicator of Environmental Change.”

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to A. V. Lopatin.

Ethics declarations


The study does not contain any research involving animals or humans.


The author declares no conflict of interest.

Additional information

Translated by D. Voroshchuk

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Lopatin, A.V., Maschenko, E.N., Vislobokova, I.A. et al. Pleistocene Mammals from the Lang Trang Cave (Vietnam): New Data. Dokl Biol Sci 496, 1–4 (2021).

Download citation


  • Mammalia
  • Primates
  • Carnivora
  • Chiroptera
  • Rodentia
  • Proboscidea
  • Perissodactyla
  • Artiodactyla
  • Pleistocene
  • Lang Trang cave
  • Vietnam