, Volume 58, Issue 1, pp 95–102 | Cite as

Interaction of a surface-active base with the fraction of membrane-bound Williams’ protons

  • L. S. Yaguzhinsky
  • K. A. Motovilov
  • E. M. Volkov
  • S. A. EremeevEmail author
Complex Systems Biophysics


According to the Williams model, the work of mitochondrial respiratory H+ pumps gives rise to a fraction of membrane-bound protons (R-protons) that have excess free energy, which is used in the reaction of ATP synthesis. We have earlier managed to detect such a fraction in mitochondria and mitoplasts and to rigorously show (for mitoplasts) that the non-equilibrium R-proton fraction is localized on the surface of the inner membrane. Here we show that a surface-active compound 2,4,6-trichloro-3-pentadecylphenol anion (TCP-C15) selectively interacts with the R-proton fraction, and describe in detail its influence on mitochondrial respiration under conditions of R-proton generation. We also report endogenous regulation of the R-proton fraction volume, which is performed by the phosphate transport system. The results are discussed in terms of the local coupling model.


surface-active phenols local coupling mitochondria adenine nucleotide translocator phosphate transport 


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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. S. Yaguzhinsky
    • 1
    • 2
  • K. A. Motovilov
    • 1
    • 2
  • E. M. Volkov
    • 1
  • S. A. Eremeev
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Belozersky Institute of Physico-Chemical BiologyMoscow State UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Research and Education Center BioNanoPhysicsMoscow Institute of Physics and TechnologyDolgoprudny, Moscow RegionRussia

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