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Isolation and properties of xyloglucanases of Penicillium sp.

Abstract

Using chromatographic technique, xyloglucanase (XG) A (25 kDa, pI 3.5, 12th glycosyl hydrolase family) was isolated from the enzyme complex secreted by the mycelial fungus Penicillium canescens, and xyloglucanases XG 25 (25 kDa, pI 4.1, 12th glycosyl hydrolase family) and XG 70 (70 kDa, pI 3.5, 74th glycosyl hydrolase family) were isolated from the enzyme complex of Penicillium verruculosum. Properties of the isolated enzymes (substrate specificity, optimal ranges of pH and temperature for enzyme activity and stability, effect of metal ions on catalytic activity) were compared with the properties of xyloglucanases XG 32 of Aspergillus japonicus, XG 78 of Chrysosporium lucknowense, and XG of Trichoderma reesei. The gene xegA encoding XG A of P. canescens was isolated, and the amino acid sequence of the corresponding protein was determined.

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Abbreviations

CMC:

carboxymethyl cellulose

MMD:

molecular-mass distribution

XG:

xyloglucanase

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Correspondence to O. A. Sinitsyna.

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Original Russian Text © O. A. Sinitsyna, E. A. Fedorova, A. G. Pravilnikov, A. M. Rozhkova, A. A. Skomarovsky, V. Yu. Matys, T. M. Bubnova, O. N. Okunev, Yu. P. Vinetsky, A. P. Sinitsyn, 2010, published in Biokhimiya, 2010, Vol. 75, No. 1, pp. 52–62.

Originally published in Biochemistry (Moscow) On-Line Papers in Press, as Manuscript BM09-138, December 20, 2009.

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Sinitsyna, O.A., Fedorova, E.A., Pravilnikov, A.G. et al. Isolation and properties of xyloglucanases of Penicillium sp.. Biochemistry Moscow 75, 41–49 (2010). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0006297910010062

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S0006297910010062

Key words

  • xyloglucanase
  • xyloglucan
  • Penicillium canescens
  • Penicillium verruculosum