Software systems for situation analysis and decision support on the basis of cognitive maps: Approaches and methods


This paper considers the methods of influence analysis, structure analysis, inverse problem solving and scenario analysis implemented in cognitive map-based modeling software systems. The methods serve for designing control strategies in ill-structured situations.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.


  1. 1.

    Axelrod, R., The Structure of Decision: Cognitive Maps of Political Elites, Princeton: Princeton Univ. Press, 1976.

    Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Kulinich, A.A., Computer Systems for Cognitive Maps Simulation: Approaches and Methods, Autom. Remote Control, 2012, vol. 73, no. 10, pp. 1715–1733.

    Article  MATH  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Silov, V.B., Prinyatie strategicheskikh reshenii v nechetkoi obstanovke (Strategic Decision Making within a Fuzzy Environment), Moscow: INPRO-RES, 1995.

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Kulinich, A.A., Kanva: The Cognitive Decision Support System, Program. Prod. Sist., 2002, no. 3, pp. 25–28.

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Korostelev, D.A., Lagerev, D.G., and Podvesovskii, A.G., IGLA: The Decision Support System Based on Fuzzy Cognitive Models, Tr. mezhd. konf. “Iskusstvennyi intellekt” (Proc. Int. Conf. “Artificial Intelligence”), Moscow, 2008, vol. 3, pp. 327–329.

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Kulinich, A.A. and Maksimov, V.I., Kompas: The System of Conceptual Simulation for Social and Political Situations, Tr. konf. “Sovremennye tekhnologii upravleniya dlya administratsii gorodov i regionov” (Proc. Conf. “Modern Management Technologies for Local Authorities”), Moscow, 1998, pp. 115–123.

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Maksimov, V.I., Grigoryan, A.K., and Kornoushenko, E.K., Situatsiya: The Software Complex for Simulation and Solving Ill-structured Problems, Tr. mezhd. konf. “Problemy upravleniya” (Proc. Int. Conf. “Control Problems”), Moscow: Inst. Probl. Upravlen., 1999, vol. 2, pp. 58–65.

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Kuznetsov, O.P., Kulinich, A.A., and Markovskii, A.V., Impact Analysis in Weak-structured Situations Control on the Basis of Cognitive Maps, in Chelovecheskii faktor v upravlenii (Human Factor in Control), Abramova, N.A., Grinberg, K.S., and Novikov, D.A., Eds., Moscow: KomKniga, 2006, pp. 313–344.

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Avdeeva, Z.K., Kovriga, S.V., Makarenko, D.I., and Maximov, V.I., Cognitive Approach in Control, Probl. Upravlen., 2007, no. 3, pp. 2–8.

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Kuznetsov, O.P., Intellectualization of Control Decisions Support and Creation of Intellectual Systems in the RAS Institute of Control Sciences, Probl. Upravlen., 2009, no. 3.1, pp. 64–72.

    Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Maximov, V.I., Structure-objective Analysis of Socio-economic Situations Development, Probl. Upravlen., 2005, no. 3, pp. 30–38.

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Kornoushenko, E.K. and Maksimov, V.I., Situation Control Using Structural Properties of Its Cognitive Map, Tr. Inst. Probl. Upravlen., 2000, vol. 11, pp. 85–90.

    Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Brightman, J., An Introduction to Decision Explorer, Kendal, Cumbria: Banxia Software, 2002, URL: (Cited June 1, 2011).

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Ackermann, F., Eden, C., and Cropper, S., Getting Started with Cognitive Mapping. Decision Explorer, Kendal, Cumbria: Banxia Software, 2004, URL: (Cited June 1, 2011).

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    De Nooy, W., Mrvar A., and Batagelj, V., Exploratory Social Network AnalysisWith Pajek, in Structural Analysis in the Social Sciences 27, Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press, 2005.

  16. 16.

    Batagelj, V. and Mrvar, A., Pajek. Program for Analysis and Visualization of Large Networks Reference Manual. List of Commands with Short Explanation. Version 1.26, Ljubljana, January 7, 2010, URL: (Cited June 1, 2011).

    Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Markovskii, A.V., Analysis of the Structure of Signed Directed Graphs, J. Comput. Syst. Sci. Int., 1997, no. 5, pp. 788–793.

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Gorelova, G.V., Zakharova, E.N., and Radchenko, S.N., Issledovanie slabostrukturirovannykh problem sotsial’no-ekonomicheskikh sistem: kognitivnyi podkhod (Analysis of Weak-structured Problems in Socioeconomic Systems: The Cognitive Approach), Rostov-on-Don: Rostov. Gos. Univ., 2006.

    Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Kelly, G.A., The Psychology of Personal Constructs, New York: Norton, 1955.

    Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Atkin, R. and Casti, J., Polyhedral Dynamics and the Geometry of Systems, RR-77-6, Laxenburg: Int. Inst. for Applied Systems Analysis, 1977.

    Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Lawson, Ch.L. and Hanson, R.L, Solving Least Squares Problems, Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1974. Translated under the title Chislennoe reshenie zadach metodom naimen’shihk kvadratov, Moscow: Nauka, 1986.

    Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Pappis, C.P. and Sugeno, M., Fuzzy Relational Equations and the Inverse Problem, Fuzzy Sets Syst., 1985, no. 15, pp. 79–90.

    Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Pedrycz, W., Fuzzy Models and Relational Equations, Math. Modeling, 1987, no. 9, pp. 427–434.

    Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Pedrycz, W., Algorithms for Solving Fuzzy Relational Equations in a Probabilistic Setting, Math. Modeling, 1990, no. 38, pp. 313–327.

    Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Pappis, C.P. and Adamopoulos, G.I., A Computer Algorithm for the Solution of the Inverse Problem of Fuzzy Systems, Math. Modeling, 1991, no. 39, pp. 279–290.

    Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Pappis, C.P. and Adamopoulos, G.I., A Software Routine to Solve the Generalized Inverse Problem of Fuzzy Relational Equations, Math. Modeling, 1992, no. 47, pp. 319–322.

    Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    Kulinich, A.A., Cognitive Maps Verification Based on Processes Explanation, Upravlen. Bol’shimi Sist., 2010, no. 30.1, pp. 453–469.

    Google Scholar 

  28. 28.

    Davydov, S.V. and Maksimov, V.I., Multicriteria Hierarchical Assessment of Situations under Cognitive Modeling, Tr. I mezhd. konf. “Kognitivnyi analiz i upravlenie razvitiem situatsii” (Proc. I Int. Conf. “Cognitive Analysis and Situations Control” (CASC’2001)), Moscow, 2001, vol. 1.

  29. 29.

    Avdeeva, Z.K., Maksimov, V.I., and Rabinovich, V.M., The Integrated System “KURS” for the Cognitive Control of a Situation Development, Tr. Inst. Probl. Upravlen., 2001, vol. 14, pp. 89–114.

    Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    Averkin, A.N., Kuznetsov, O.P., Kulinich, A.A., and Titova, N.V., Decision-Making Support in Weakly Structured Subject Domains: Analysis of Situations and Evaluation of Alternatives, J. Comput. Syst. Sci. Int., 2006, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 469–479.

    Article  MATH  Google Scholar 

  31. 31.

    Kul’ba, V.V., Kononov, D.A., Kosjachenko, S.A., and Shubin, A.N., Metody formirovaniya stsenariev razvitiya sotsial’no-ekonomicheskikh sistem (Methods to Generate Development Scenarios for Socieeconomic Systems), Moscow: Sinteg, 2004.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to A. A. Kulinich.

Additional information

Original Russian Text © A.A. Kulinich, 2011, published in Problemy Upravleniya, 2011, No. 4, pp. 31–45.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Kulinich, A.A. Software systems for situation analysis and decision support on the basis of cognitive maps: Approaches and methods. Autom Remote Control 75, 1337–1355 (2014).

Download citation


  • Inverse Problem
  • Remote Control
  • Control Factor
  • Simplicial Complex
  • Scenario Analysis