Automation and Remote Control

, Volume 75, Issue 3, pp 551–562 | Cite as

Active consumer: Optimization problems of power consumption and self-generation

Control Sciences


To solve problems of demand management in terms of smart energy systems (Smart grid), we need a mathematical model of active consumer decision-making. Existing models either do not consider important aspects of consumer behavior, or are too complex for use in multi-agent simulation. A mathematical model of an active consumer is proposed, based on which we formulate and solve the problem of optimization of electrical appliances and consumer equipment, as well as determine the loading conditions of self-generation, under which the consumer problem allows simple and effective solution. The proposed approach is illustrated by equipment optimization of a single household.


Remote Control Consumer Behavior Smart Grid Demand Response Demand Management 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Kobec, B.B. and Volkova, I.O., Innovatsionnoe razvitie elektroenergetiki na baze kontseptsii Smart Grid (Innovative Development of the Electric Power Industry Based on the Concept of SMART GRID), Moscow: IATs Energiya, 2010Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Osnovnye polozheniya kontseptsii intellektual’noi energosistemy s aktivno-adaptivnoi set’yu (The Basic of Concept of Intellectual Power System with Active-Adaptive Network), 2012, URL: (date of use: 08.04.2013).
  3. 3.
    Mihailov, V.V., Tarify i rezhimy elektropotrebleniya (Tariffs and Modes of Energy Consumption), Moscow: Energoatomizdat, 1986.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Grebenyuk, G.G. and Solov’ev, M.M., Continuous Price Regulation to Form the Desired Load Schedule of a Power System, Autom. Remote Control, 2004, vol. 65, no. 5, pp. 834–839.CrossRefMATHGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Lujano-Rojas, J.M., Monteiro, C., Dufo-Lopez, R., and Bernal-Agustin, J.L., Optimum Residential Load Management Strategy for Real Time Pricing Demand Response Programs, Energy Policy, 2012, vol. 45, pp. 671–679.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Mohsenian-Rad, A.-H., Wong, V.W.S., Jatskevich, J., Schober, R., and Leon-Garcia, A., Autonomous Demand Side Management Based on Game-Theoretic Energy Consumption Scheduling for the Future Smart Grid, IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, 2010, vol. 1, no. 3, pp. 320–331.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Gudi, N., Wang, L., and Devabhaktuni, V., A Demand Side Management Based Simulation Platform Incorporating Heuristic Optimization for Management of Household Appliances, Electr. Power Energy Syst., 2012, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 185–193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Jiang, B. and Fei, Y., Dynamic Residential Demand Response and Distributed Generation Management in Smart Microgrid with Hierarchical Agents, Energy Procedia, 2011, vol. 12, pp. 76–90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Mohsenian-Rad, A.-H. and Leon-Garcia, A., Optimal Residential Load Control with Price Prediction in Real-Time Electricity Pricing Environments, IEEE Trans. Smart Grid, 2010, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 120–133.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Burkov, V.N., Gubko, M.V., and Novikov, D.A., Institutional Arrangements in the Electric Power Industry Management, in Upravlenie razvitiem krupnomasshtabnykh sistem (Management of the Development of Large-Scale Systems), Cvirkuna, A.D., Ed., Moscow: Fizmatlit, 2012, pp. 261–278.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Rasporyazhenie Pravitel’stva RF ot 10.09.2012, no. 1650-r “Ob utverzhdenii kompleksa mer, napravlennykh na perekhod k ustanovleniyu sotsial’noi normy potrebleniya kommunal’nykh uslug v Rossiiskoi Federatsii” (RF Government Directive of 10.09.2012, no. 1650-r “About Approval of a Complex of Measures Aimed at the Transition to the Establishment of Social Norms of Consumption of Public Utilities in the Russian Federation”).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Federal’nyi Zakon ot 26.03.2003, no. 35-FZ “Ob elekrtoenergetike” (Federal Law of 26.03.2003, no. 35-FZ “About the Electric Power Industry”).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Osnovy tsenoobrazovaniya v oblasti reguliruemykh tsen (tarifov) v elektroenergetike (utverzhdeny postanovleniem Pravitel’stva RF ot 29.12.2011, no. 1178) (Basics of Pricing in the Field of Regulated Prices (Tariffs) in the Electric Power Industry (approved by RF Government Decree of 29.12.2011, no. 1178)).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Osnovnye polozheniya funktsionirovaniya roznichnykh rynkov elektricheskoi energii (utverzhdeny postanovleniem Pravitel’stva RF ot 4.05.2012, no. 442) (Basic Provisions for the Functioning of Retail Electricity Markets (approved by RF Government Decree of 4.05.2012, no. 442)).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Hackman, S.T., Production Economics, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag, 2008.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • I. O. Volkova
    • 1
  • M. V. Gubko
    • 2
  • E. A. Salnikova
    • 3
  1. 1.Higher School of EconomicsNational Research UniversityMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Trapeznikov Institute of Control SciencesRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  3. 3.JSC “Administrator of Trading System of Wholesale Electricity Market,”MoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations