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Oceanology

, Volume 57, Issue 2, pp 278–288 | Cite as

Biology and distribution of hyperiids in the Sea of Okhotsk

Marine Biology
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Abstract

Long-term studies in the Sea of Okhotsk (1986–2012) demonstrated that hyperiids account for a small portion of zooplankton, making up only from 1.0 to 5.3% by weight. The minimum hyperiid biomass was observed in the coastal zone. The hyperiid biomass in the open water shelf community increased from spring to autumn. In the Sea of Okhotsk, hyperiids are represented by ten species, among which the most abundant in the northern regions (mainly in Shelikhov Gulf) is Themisto libellula, while the most abundant in other regions is T. pacifica. The distribution of T. pacifica in different seasons showed that the maximum biomass was concentrated in the deep-water zone. The range of T. libellula in the Sea of Okhotsk is mostly limited to the Shelikhov Gulf, but in certain years its habitation area can expand. In warm years with low ice coverage, the maximum expansion of T. libellula to the west in the shelf zone of the northern part of the Sea of Okhotsk was observed. Since variability of salinity and temperature in the northern part of the Sea of Okhotsk may be fatal for the cryophilic stenohaline T. libellula species, forecasted changes in thermohaline circulation will make it possible to predict the population dynamics of this important species.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. M. Gorbatenko
    • 1
  • R. P. Grishan
    • 1
  • S. P. Dudkov
    • 1
  1. 1.Pacific Fishery Research Center (TINRO)VladivostokRussia

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