Oceanology

, Volume 50, Issue 4, pp 573–581 | Cite as

Reconstruction of the postglacial environments in the southwestern Barents Sea based on foraminiferal assemblages

  • N. O. Chistyakova
  • E. V. Ivanova
  • B. Risebrobakken
  • E. A. Ovsepyan
  • Ya. S. Ovsepyan
Marine Geology

Abstract

Environmental changes in the surface and bottom water layers of the Ingøydjupet Basin and the history of the Atlantic Water inflow to the southwestern Barents Sea during the last 16 ka are reconstructed based on planktic and benthic foraminiferal assemblages. The multiproxy study of sediment cores PSh-5159R and PSh-5159N, including AMS 14C dating, provides a time resolution of about 200 years for the deglaciation, 100 years for the Holocene, and 25–50 years for the last 400 years. Stable polar conditions with the sea ice at the surface were typical for the Early Deglaciation period. Unstable bottom settings and the onset of ice rafting marked the Oldest Dryas. The cold Atlantic Water inflow increased notably during the Bölling-Alleröd interstadial nearby the site location and then decreased during the Younger Dryas. The initial Holocene was characterized by abrupt warming in bottom and surface water layers, especially ∼9.7–7.6 ka BP. Stable conditions prevailed during the Middle Holocene. Remarkable changes in the sea-surface temperature and bottom environments occurred during the last 2.5 cal. ka BP.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    M. S. Barash, (Quaternary Paleooceanology of the Atlantic Ocean) (Nauka, Moscow, 1988) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    S. A. Korsun, I. A. Pogodina, G. A. Tarasov, and G. G. Matishov, Foraminifers of the Barents Sea (MMBI RAN, Apatity, 1994) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    V. V. Kremenetskii, Report of the Hydrological Team of R/V “Professor Shtokman” Cruise 63 (IO RAN, Moscow, 2004) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    O. V. Levchenko, Report of the Geophysical Team of R/V “Professor Shtokman” Cruise 63 (IO RAN, Moscow, 2004) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    I. A. Pogodina, Extended Abstract of Candidate’s Dissertation in Geology and Mineralogy (Moscow, 2000).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    T. A. Khusid and L. V. Polyak, “Biogeography of Benthic Foraminifera in the Arctic,” in Neogene-Quaternary Paleooceanology Based on Micropaleontological Data (Nauka, Moscow, 1989), pp. 42–50 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    K. Andreassen, J. S. Laberg, and T. O. Vorren, “Seafloor Geomorphology of the SW Barents Sea and Its Glaci-Dynamics Implications,” Geomorphology 97, 157–177 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. C. Duplessy, E. V. Ivanova, I. O. Murdmaa, et. al., “Holocene Paleoceanography of the Northern Barents Sea and Variations of the Northward Heat Transport by the Atlantic Ocean,” Boreas 30(1), 2–16 (2001).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    F. Fatela and R. Taborda, “Confidence Limits of Species Proportions in Microfossil Assemblages,” Mar. Micropaleontol. 45, 169–174 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. Hald and P. I. Steinsund, “Distribution of Surface Sediment Benthic Foraminifera in the Southwestern Barents Sea,” J. Foraminiferal Res. 22(4), 347–362 (1992).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Hald, P. I. Steinsund, T. Dokken, et. al., “Recent and Late Quaternary Distribution of Elphidium excavatum f. clavatum in Arctic Seas,” Cushman Foundation Spec. Publ. 32, 141–153 (1994).Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    M. Hald, K. Husum, T. O. Vorren, et. al., “Holocene Climate in the Subarctic Fjord Malangen, Northern Norway: A Multi-Proxy Study,” Boreas 32, 543–559 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Hald, C. Andersson, H. Ebbesen, et. al., “Variations in Temperature and Extent of Atlantic Water in the Northern North Atlantic during the Holocene,” Quat. Science Rev. 26, 3423–3440 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    K. A. Hughen, M. G. L. Baillie, E. Bard, et. al., “Marine 04 Marine Radiocarbon Age Calibration, 0–26 Cal Kyr BP,” Radiocarbon 46, 1059–1086 (2004).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    E. V. Ivanova, The Global Thermohaline Paleocirculation (Springer, Dordrecht, 2009).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    E. V. Ivanova, E. A. Ovsepyan, B. Risebrobakken, and A. A. Vetrov, “Down Core Distribution of the Living Calcareous Foraminifera and Stable Isotopes in the Western Barents Sea,” J. Foraminiferal Res. 38(4), 337–356 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    T. Johannessen, “Resente Planktoniske Foraminiferer Fra Norckehavet, Islandshavet Og Nordatlanteren. Taxonomi, Fauna-Fordelling Og Stabilisotopsammensetning,” Master Thesis, University of Bergen, Norway (1987).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    S. C. King, A. E. S. Kemp, and J. W. Murray, Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, Ed. by N. G. Pisias et al., 138, 641–645 (1995).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    S. Korsun and M. Hald, “Seasonal Dynamics of Benthic Foraminifera in a Glacially Fed Fjord of Svalbard, European Arctic,” J. Foraminiferal Res. 30(4), 251–271 (2000).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. Y. Landvik, S. Bondevik, A. Elverhøi, et. al., “The Last Glacial Maximum of Svalbard and the Barents Sea Area: Ice Sheet Extent and Configuration,” Quat. Sci. Rev. 17(1–3), 43–76 (1998).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    H. Loeng, “Features of the Physical Oceanographic Conditions of the Barents Sea,” Polar Res. 10, 5–18 (1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    J. Mangerud, S. Bondevik, S. Gulliksen, et. al., “Marine 14C Reservoir Ages for 19th Century Whales and Molluscs from the North Atlantic,” Quat. Sci. Rev. 25, 3228–3245 (2006).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    D. Ottesen, C. R. Stokes, L. Risea, and L. Olsen, “Ice-Sheet Dynamics and Ice Streaming along the Coastal Parts of Northern Norway,” Quat. Sci. Rev. 27, 922–940 (2008).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    D. Paillard, L. Labeyrie, and P. Yiou, “Macintosh Program Performs Time-Series Analysis,” Eos Trans. 77(39), 379 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    L. Polyak and A. Solheim, “Late- and Postglacial Environments in the Northern Barents Sea, West of Franz Josef Land,” Polar Res. 13, 197–207 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    T. L. Rasmussen, E. Thomsen, M. A. Slubowska, et. al., “Paleoceanographic Evolution of the SW Svalbard Margin (76°N) Since 20.000 14C Yr BP,” Quat. Res. 67, 100–114 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    B. Risebrobakken, M. Moros, E. Ivanova, et. al., “Climate and Oceanographic Variability in the SW Barents Sea during the Holocene,” The Holocene (2010); DOI: 10.1177/0959683609356586.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    M. Sarnthein, K. Stattegger, D. Dreger, et. al., “Fundamental Modes of Abrupt Changes in North Atlantic Circulation and Climate over the Last 60 Ky—Concepts, Reconstruction and Numerical Modeling,” in The Northern North Atlantic: A Changing Environment, Ed. by P. Schefer et al. (Springer, Berlin, 2000), pp. 265–410.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    M. Sarnthein, S. van Kreveld, H. Erlenkeuser, et. al., “Centennial-to-Millennial-Scale Periodicities of Holocene Climate and Sediment Injections off the Western Barents Shelf, 75°N,” Boreas 32, 447–461 (2003).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    H. Seppa, H. H. Birks, and H. J. B. Birks, “Rapid Climatic Changes during the Greenland Stadial 1 (Younger Dryas) to Early-Holocene Transition on the Norwegian Barents Sea Coast,” Boreas 31, 215–225 (2002).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    M. lubowska, N. Kogaard-Kristensen, “Changes in the Flow of Atlantic Water into the Arctic Ocean since the Last Deglaciation: Evidence from the Northern Svalbard Continental Margin, 80°N,” Paleoceanography 20, A4014 (2005).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    M. Ślubowska-Woldengen, T. L. Rasmussen, N. Koč, et al., “Advection of Atlantic Water to the Western and Northern Svalbard Shelf since 17.500 Cal Yr BP 2007,” Quat. Science Rev. 26, 463–478 (2007).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    P. I. Steinsund and M. Hald, “Recent Calcium Carbonate Dissolution in the Barents Sea, Paleaoceanographic Applications,” Mar. Geology 117, 303–316 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    M. Stuiver and P. J. Reimer, “Extended 14C Database and Revised CALIB Radiocarbon Calibration Program,” Radiocarbon 35, 215–230 (1993).Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    J. I. Svendsen, H. Alexanderson, V. I. Astakhov, et. al., “Late Quaternary Ice Sheet History of the Northern Eurasia,” Quat. Science Rev. 23, 1229–1271 (2004).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 36.
    T. E. Vinje, “Sea Ice Conditions in the European Sector of the Marginal Seas of the Arctic, 1966–1975,” Aarb. Nor. Polarinst., 163–174 (1977).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. O. Chistyakova
    • 1
  • E. V. Ivanova
    • 1
  • B. Risebrobakken
    • 2
  • E. A. Ovsepyan
    • 1
  • Ya. S. Ovsepyan
    • 3
  1. 1.Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Bjerknes Centre for Climate ResearchUniversity of BergenBergenNorway
  3. 3.Department of GeologyLomonosov Moscow State UniversityMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations