Advertisement

Oceanology

, Volume 47, Issue 5, pp 653–659 | Cite as

Benthic foraminiferal assemblages of the South China Sea

  • Kh. M. Saidova
Marine Biology

Abstract

Based on the dominant species of benthic foraminifers in the bottom sediments sampled at 270 stations in the South China Sea, their 12 assemblages are defined and mapped. The distribution of these assemblages is controlled by environmental factors that are determined by bathymetric and latitudinal zonality, currents, upwellings, continental runoff, and water productivity. The communities established are indicative of different biotopes characterized by upwellings, higher or lower productivity, and intense or less intense impact of freshwater runoff.

Keywords

Particulate Organic Carbon Continental Slope Benthic Foraminifera Deep Basin Outer Shelf 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Atlas of the Oceans. The Pacific Ocean, Ed. by S. G. Gorshkov (Glavn. Upr. Navig. Okeanogr., Leningrad, 1974) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    D. V. Bogdanov, “Brief Physical-Geographical Characteristics of the Principal Seas,” in The Pacific Ocean. Geography of the World Ocean (Nauka, Leningrad, 1981), pp. 129–143 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    L. A. Zenkevich, Z. A. Filatova, G. M. Belyaev, et al., “Quantitative Distribution of Zoobenthos in the World Ocean,” Byull. MOIP. Otd. Biol 76(3), 27–33.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. S. Lafond, “South China Sea,” in Oceanographic Encyclopedia (Gidrometizdat, Leningrad, 1974), pp. 608–615 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yu. A. Romanov, “Features of the Climate,” in The Pacific Ocean. Geography of the World Ocean (Nauka, Leningrad, 1981), pp. 38–56 [in Russian].Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kh. M. Saidova, Benthic Foraminifers of the Pacific Ocean (IO AN SSSR, Moscow, 1975) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Kh. M. Saidova, Benthic Foraminifers of the World Ocean (Nauka, Moscow, 1976) [in Russian].Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kh. M. Saidova, “Foraminiferal Communities of the Abyssal Plains of the Pacific Ocean,” Okeanologiya 21(2), 360–364 (1981).Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Kh. M. Saidova, “Facial Variability of Benthic Foraminiferal Communities in the Open Regions of the Ocean,” Okeanologiya 40(1), 72–78 (2000) [Oceanology 40 (1), 66–72 (2000)].Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kh. M. Saidova, “Benthic Foraminiferal Communities of the Atlantic Shelf of South America,” Okeanologiya 40(6), 873–880 (2000) [Oceanology 40 (6), 822–829 (2000)].Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kh. M. Saidova, “Communities of Benthic Foraminifers of the Pacific Continental Margin of North America,” Okeanologiya 43(3), 399–405 (2000) [Oceanology 43 (3), 381–387 (2000)].Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Kh. M. Saidova, “Benthic Foraminiferal Communities in the Gulf of Mexico,” Okeanologiya 45(2), 256–264 (2005) [Oceanology 45 (2), 240–248 (2005)].Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    S.-Y. Chao, P.-T. Shaw, and S. Y. Wu, “Deep Water Ventilation in South China Sea,” Deep-Sea Res. 43, 445–466 (1996).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    D. S. Dhillon, “Notes on the Foraminiferal Sediments from the Lupor and Labuk Estuaries, East Malaysia,” in Geol. Survey Borneo Region, Malaysia, Bull. 9 (Geol. Papers, 1968).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Z. Jian and L. Wang, “Late Quaternary Benthic Foraminifera and Deep-Water Pale-Oceanography in the South China Sea,” Mar. Micropalaeontology 32, 127–154 (1997).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    W. Kuht, S. Hess, and Z. Jian, “Quantitative Composition of Benthic Foraminifera Assemblages As a Proxy Indicator for Organic Carbon Flux Rates in the South China Sea,” Mar. Geol. 156, 123–157 (1999).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    A. R. Lotblich and H. Tappan, Foraminiferal Genera and Their Classification (VNRG, New York, 1988).Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    A. W. Mantyla and J. L. Reid, “Abyssal Characteristics of the World Ocean Water,” Deep-Sea Res. 30(8 A), 805–834 (1983).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Q. Miao and R. C. Thunell, “Recent Deep-Sea Benthic Foraminiferal Distribution in the South China and Sulu Seas,” Mar. Micropalaeontology 22, 1–32 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    T. Platt, S. Sathylndrahath, and A. Longhurst, “Remote Sensing of Primary Production in the Ocean; Promise and Fulfillment,” Philos. Trans. R. Soc. London 348, 191–202 (1995).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    A. F. Rathburn and B. H. Corlis, “The Ecology of Lining (Stained) Deep-Sea Benthic Foraminifera from the Sulu Sea,” Paleoceanography 9(1), 87–150 (1994).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    E. Suess, “Particulate Organic Carbon Flux in the Ocean Surface Productivity on Oxygen Ultilization,” Nature 288, 260–263 (1980).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    H. O. Waller, “Foraminiferal Biofacies off the South China Coast,” J. Paleontology 34(6), 1164–1182 (1960).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    M. G. Wiesner, L. Zheng, H. K. Wong, et al., “Fluxes of Particulate Matter in the South China Sea,” in Particle Flux in the Ocean (Wiley, Chichester, 1996), pp. 293–312.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    T. Xia, “Distribution and Habitats of Foraminifera in Bottom Sediments of the Northeastern South China Sea,” Tropical Oceanology 2(1), 11–19 (1983).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    L. Zhuang, T. Li, F. Chang, et al., “Quantitative Analysis on the Benthic Foraminifera Fauna in Late Quaternary Period in the North Continental Shelf of the East China Sea,” Marine Geology and Quaternary Geology 24(1), 43–50 (2004).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kh. M. Saidova
    • 1
  1. 1.Shirshov Institute of OceanologyRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations