Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics

, Volume 53, Issue 9, pp 934–944 | Cite as

Variability of Evaporation and Precipitation over the Ocean from Satellite Data

Stydying Atmosphere and Oceans from Space
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Abstract

HOAPS-3 and PMWC satellite archives for 1988–2008 are used to estimate moisture-exchange components between the ocean and atmosphere (evaporation, precipitation, and the difference between them or effective evaporation). Moisture-exchange components for the entire World Ocean and for the North Atlantic Ocean within 30°–60° N are calculated. A strong overestimation of the global values of effective evaporation by HOAPS data (mainly caused by a decrease in precipitation) is shown. In the interannual variability of effective evaporation, there is clearly an overestimated positive trend, which contradicts the real increase in the Global Sea Level. Large systematic errors in moisture-exchange components are revealed for the North Atlantic water area. According to HOAPS data, there is a significant underestimation of evaporation and effective evaporation. According to PMWC data, the amount of precipitation is significantly overestimated and evaporation is underestimated. As a consequence, effective evaporation becomes negative, which is impossible. Low accuracy in the estimation of moisture-exchange components and the need to improve old estimates and develop new evaporation and precipitation databases based on satellite data are noted.

Keywords

remote sensing from space moisture exchange between ocean and atmosphere evaporation precipitation atmospheric moisture transfer World Ocean North Atlantic 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Russian State Hydrometeorological UniversitySt. PetersburgRussia

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