Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics

, Volume 53, Issue 9, pp 945–954 | Cite as

Satellite Radiothermovision Analysis of the Evolution of a System of Interacting Typhoons

  • D. M. Ermakov
  • E. A. Sharkov
  • A. P. Chernushich
Stydying Atmosphere and Oceans from Space

Abstract

In this paper we develop further the satellite radiothermovision methods for analyzing the evolution of tropical cyclones. The complicated case of Goni and Atsani interacting typhoons is considered. It has been shown that, although their interaction does not explicitly influence the features of the typhoon trajectories, indications of the formation of complex advective fluxes in the lower troposphere can be revealed from both a qualitative analysis of miscellaneous satellite data and a quantitative estimation of latent heat advection. At the same time, in contrast to the previous works, we had to introduce the integration contours of a complex form (differing from a circular one) into the analysis, so that the energy balance of the typhoon system is correctly described. In a general way, defining such contours is a separate problem whose solution is probably related to the invocation of a large volume of additional satellite information. Due to the peculiarity of the considered case of Goni and Atsani twin typhoons, we demonstrated the effectiveness of a simplified approach that uses a composite contour formed by overlapping two circular ones. Generally, as in the cases previously considered, we found the interrelation between the intensification and dissipation of typhoons (tropical cyclones) and the modes of convergent and divergent advection of latent heat with amplitudes sufficient to support the total power of the system.

Keywords

satellite radiothermovision interacting typhoons advection of latent heat system of tropical cyclones 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Bondur, V.G. and Krapivin, V.F., Kosmicheskii monitoring tropicheskikh tsiklonov (Space Monitoring of Tropical Cyclones), Moscow: Nauchnyi mir, 2014.Google Scholar
  2. Brand, S., Interaction of binary tropical cyclones of the western North Pacific Ocean, J. Appl. Meteorol., 1970, no. 9, pp. 433–441.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Dong, K. and Neumann, C.J., On the relative motion of binary tropical cyclones, Mon. Weather Rev., 1986, no. 111, pp. 945–953.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Dritschel, D.G. and Waugh, D.W., Quantification of inelastic interaction of unequal vortices in two-dimensional vortex dynamics, Phys. Fluids, 1992, vol. 4A, no. 8, pp. 1737–1744.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Emanuel, K., Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years, Nature, 2005, vol. 436, no. 7051, pp. 686–688.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Ermakov, D., Chernushich, A., Sharkov, E., and Shramkov, Ya., Stream Handler system: An experience of application to investigation of global tropical cyclogenesis, in Proc. of ISRSE-34, Sydney, 2011. http://www.isprs.org/proceedings/2011/ISRSE-34/211104015Final00456. pdf.Google Scholar
  7. Ermakov, D.M., Sharkov, E.A., and Chernushich, A.P., The role of tropospheric advective flows of latent heat in the intensification of tropical cyclones, Issled. Zemli Kosmosa, 2014a, no. 4, pp. 3–15.Google Scholar
  8. Ermakov, D.M., Sharkov, E.A., and Chernushich, A.P., Estimation of tropospheric advective flows of latent heat over the ocean in animation analysis of radiothermal data of satellite monitoring, Issled. Zemli Kosmosa, 2014b, no. 4, pp. 32–38.Google Scholar
  9. Ermakov, D.M., Sharkov, E.A., and Chernushich, A.P., Possibility of quantitative description of mesoscale processes in the atmosphere based on the animated analysis, Sovrem. Probl. Distantsionnogo Zondirovaniya Zemli Kosmosa, 2014c, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 153–162.Google Scholar
  10. Ermakov, D.M., Sharkov, E.A., and Chernushich, A.P., Satellite radiothermovision of atmospheric mesoscale processes: case study of tropical cyclones, in ISPRS— International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, 2015, vol. 40, no. 7/W3, pp.179–186.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Ermakov, D.M., Sharkov, E.A., and Chernushich, A.P., Multisensory algorithm of satellite radiothermovision, Issled. Zemli Kosmosa, 2016, no. 3, pp. 37–46.Google Scholar
  12. Fujiwhara, S., The mutual tendency towards symmetry of motion and its application as a principal in meteorology, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 1921, no. 47, pp. 287–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Fujiwhara, S., On the growth and decay of vortical systems, Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc., 1923, no. 49, pp. 75–104.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hoover, E.W., Relative motion of hurricane pairs, Mon. Weather Rev., 1961, no. 89, pp. 251–255.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Palmen, E. and Newton, C.W., Atmospheric Circulation Systems: Their Structure and Physical Interpretation, Academic, 1969.Google Scholar
  16. Pokrovskaya, I.V. and Sharkov, E.A., Tropicheskie tsiklony i tropicheskie vozmushcheniya Mirovogo okeana: khronologiya i evolyutsiya (2006-2010). Vers. 4.1 (Tropical Cyclones and Tropical Disturbances of the World Ocean: Chronology and Evolution (2006–2010), Version 4.1), Moscow: KDU, 2011.Google Scholar
  17. Prieto, R., McNoldy, B.D., Fulton, S.R., and Schubert, W.H., A classification of binary tropical cyclone-like vortex interactions, Mon. Weather Rev., 2003, no. 131, pp. 2656–2666.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Ziv, B. and Alpert, P., Rotation of binary cyclones—a data analysis study, J. Atmos. Sci., 1995, vol. 52, no. 9, pp. 1357–1369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. M. Ermakov
    • 1
    • 2
  • E. A. Sharkov
    • 2
  • A. P. Chernushich
    • 1
  1. 1.Kotel’nikov Institute of Radio Engineering and Electronics (Fryazino Branch)Russian Academy of SciencesFryazino, Moscow oblastRussia
  2. 2.Space Research InstituteRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations