Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics

, Volume 53, Issue 9, pp 859–874 | Cite as

Spacetime Distributions of Wildfire Areas and Emissions of Carbon-Containing Gases and Aerosols in Northern Eurasia according to Satellite-Monitoring Data

  • V. G. Bondur
  • K. A. Gordo
  • V. L. Kladov
Stydying Atmosphere and Oceans from Space


Based on online wildfire satellite-monitoring data, distributions of burned-out areas, as well as emission volumes of carbon-containing gases (СО and СО2) and fine aerosols (РМ2.5), for different regions and months in 2005–2016 (across the territory of Russia) and in 2010–2016 (northern Eurasia) are analyzed. Distinctive features of the seasonal behavior of wildfires and emission volumes of carbon-containing gases and fine aerosols for different regions of northern Eurasia are determined. It is shown that between 2005 and 2016 the annual area of territories burned out during wildfires in Russia decreased by almost a factor of 2.6 owing to early detection and suppression of fire sources. It is determined that in 2014–2016 the relative size of burned-out areas in Ukraine increased 6–9-fold and volumes of СО, СО2, and РМ2.5 emissions by more than a factor of 6.5–7.5 times when compared to earlier years and these characteristics for other European countries.


satellite monitoring Earth remote sensing satellite imagery wildfires harmful pollutant emissions atmosphere 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Andreae, M.O. and Merlet, P., Emission of trace gases and aerosols from biomass burning//Global Biogeochem. Cycles., 2001, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 955–966.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baklanov, A.A., Bondur, V.G., Klaic, Z.B. and Zilitinkevich, S.S., Integration of geospheres in Earth systems: Modern queries to environmental physics, modelling, monitoring and education//Geofizika, 2012, no. 29, pp. 1–4.Google Scholar
  3. Bondur, V.G. Satellite monitoring of trace gas and aerosol emissions during wildfires in Russia//Izv.,Atmos. Ocean. Phys., 2016, vol. 52, no. 9, pp. 1078–1090.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bondur, V.G., Aerospace methods and technologies for monitoring oil and gas areas and facilities, Izv., Atmos. Ocean. Phys., 2011a, vol. 47, no. 9, pp. 1007–1018.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bondur, V.G., Importance of Aerospace Remote Sensing Approach to the Monitoring of Nature Fire in Russia//International Forest Fire News (IFFN), no. 40 (July–December 2010), pp. 43–57.Google Scholar
  6. Bondur, V.G., Modern approaches to processing large hyperspectral and multispectral aerospace data flows, Izv., Atmos. Ocean. Phys., 2014, vol. 50, no. 9, pp. 840–852.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Bondur, V.G., Satellite monitoring of wildfires during the anomalous heat wave of 2010 in Russia, Izv., Atmos. Ocean. Phys., 2011b, vol. 47, no. 9, pp. 1039–1048.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bondur, V.G. and Chimitdorzhiev, T.N., Remote sensing of vegetation by optical–microwave methods, Izv. Vyssh.Uchebn. Zaved., Geod. Aerofotos’emka, 2008b, no. 6, pp. 64–73.Google Scholar
  9. Bondur, V.G. and Chimitdorzhiev, T.N., Texture analysis of radar images of vegetation, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Geod. Aerofotos’emka, 2008a, no. 5, pp. 9–14.Google Scholar
  10. Bondur, V.G. and Ginzburg, A.S., Emission of carbonbearing gases and aerosols from natural fires on the territory of Russia based on space monitoring, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2016, vol. 466, no. 2, pp. 148–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Grishin, A.M., On negative environmental impact of forest fires, Ekologicheskie Systemy i Pribory/Ed. by Grishin, A.M., 2003, no. 4, pp. 40–43. (In Russian).Google Scholar
  12. Scholar
  13. Isaev, A.S., Korovin, G.N., and Sukhikh, V.I., Environmental problems of carbon dioxide absorption through reafforestation and forest breeding in Russia: analytical review. M: Center for Russian Environmental Policy Publ., 1995. 155 p. (In Russian).Google Scholar
  14. Kulmala, M., Lappalainen, H. K., Petäjä, T., Kurten, T., Kerminen, V.-M., Viisanen, Y., Hari, P., Sorvari, S., Bäck, J., Bondur, V., Kasimov, N., Kotlyakov, V., Matvienko, G., Baklanov, A., Guo, H. D., Ding, A., Hansson, H.-C., and Zilitinkevich, S.: Introduction: The Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX)–multidisciplinary, multiscale and multicomponent research and capacity-building initiative, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 2015, no. 15, pp. 13085–13096, doi 10.5194/acp-15-13085-2015Google Scholar
  15. Savin, A.I. and Bondur, V.G., Scientific fundamentals of creation and diversification of the global aerospace systems//Atmosph. and Oceanic Optics, 2000, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 38–53.Google Scholar
  16. Seiler, W. and Crutzen, P.J., Estimates of gross and net fluxes of carbon between the biosphere and atmosphere from biomass burning//Clim. Change, 1980, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 207–247.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Shvidenko, A.Z., Shchepashchenko, D.G., McCallum, I., Lakyda, I.P., Vaganov, E.A., Sukhinin, A.I., and Maksyutov, Sh.Sh., Impact of wildfire in Russia between 1998-2010 on ecosystems and the global carbon budget, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2011, vol. 441, no. 2, pp. 1678–1682.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Vivchar, A.V., Moiseenko, K.B., and Pankratova, N.V., Estimates of carbon monoxide emissions from wildfires in northern Eurasia for airquality assessment and climate modeling, Izv., Atmos. Ocean. Phys., 2010, vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 281–293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Vorobyev, Yu.L., Akimov, V.A., and Sokolov, Yu.N., Forest fires in Russia: status and problems. M.: DEKS-PRESS, 2004. 312 p. (In Russian).Google Scholar
  20. Wiedinmyer, C., Quayle, B., Geron, C. et al. Estimating emissions from fires in North America for air quality modeling//Atmos. Envir., 2006, vol. 40, no. 19, pp. 3419–3432.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.AEROCOSMOS Research Institute for Aerospace MonitoringMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations