Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics

, Volume 53, Issue 7, pp 734–747 | Cite as

Strong Medieval Earthquake in the Northern Issyk-Kul Lake Region (Tien Shan): Results of Paleoseismological and Archeoseismological Studies

  • A. M. Korzhenkov
  • E. V. Deev
  • D. V. Luzhanskii
  • S. V. Abdieva
  • A. R. Agatova
  • J. V. Mazeika
  • M. Yu. Men’shikov
  • E. A. Rogozhin
  • S. N. Rodina
  • M. V. Rodkin
  • A. A. Sorokin
  • A. B. Fortuna
  • T. A. Charimov
  • J. Shen
  • A. S. Yudakhin
Article

Abstract

A number of archeological monuments in the northern Issyk-Kul Lake region (Tien Shan) in the basins of the Chet-Koysuu and Chon-Koysuu rivers are studied. All monuments have undergone significant seismogenic deformations and destructions. A cromlech (7th century BC to 8th centuries AD) was displaced along the sinistral strike-slip fault. A kurgan (7th–13th centuries AD) was deformed in a front of the reverse fault scarp. A fortress (14th–15th centuries AD) was submerged beneath the lake water during the catastrophic subsidence of the coastal zone. We identify a zone of the seismogenic rupture. It is located along the Kultor border fault, which separates the Issyk-Kul depression and its surrounding mountains (Kungey Ala-Too Range). During the earthquake, the seismogenic reverse fault scarp was formed. A total of 1.6 m was offset along the rupture, which corresponds to an earthquake with М S ≥ 7 and seismic intensity of I 0 ≥ IX. Judging by numerous radiocarbon datings of submerged wood, which was used in building the fortress (end of 14th to the beginning of 15th centuries AD), the earthquake occurred in the 16th century AD and could have caused the decline of the Mogul civilization in the northern Issyk-Kul Lake region.

Keywords

archeoseismology paleoseismology seismic fault scarps megaliths kurgans submerged cities ancient earthquakes medieval centuries Issyk-Kul Lake Kungey Ala-Too Range Tien Shan 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. M. Korzhenkov
    • 1
    • 2
  • E. V. Deev
    • 3
    • 4
  • D. V. Luzhanskii
    • 2
  • S. V. Abdieva
    • 2
  • A. R. Agatova
    • 5
    • 6
  • J. V. Mazeika
    • 7
  • M. Yu. Men’shikov
    • 8
  • E. A. Rogozhin
    • 1
  • S. N. Rodina
    • 1
  • M. V. Rodkin
    • 9
  • A. A. Sorokin
    • 1
  • A. B. Fortuna
    • 10
  • T. A. Charimov
    • 10
  • J. Shen
    • 11
  • A. S. Yudakhin
    • 2
  1. 1.Schmidt Institute of Physics of the EarthRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  2. 2.Kyrgyz Russian Slavic UniversityBishkekKyrgyzstan
  3. 3.Trofimuk Institute of Oil and Gas Geology and Geophysics, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  4. 4.Novosibirsk State UniversityNovosibirskRussia
  5. 5.Institute of Geology and Mineralogy, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia
  6. 6.Ural Federal UniversityYekaterinburgRussia
  7. 7.Nature Research Center (State Scientific Research Institute)VilniusLithuania
  8. 8.OOO Capital Archaeological BureauMoscowRussia
  9. 9.Institute of Earthquake Prediction Theory and Mathematical GeophysicsRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia
  10. 10.Institute of SeismologyNational Academy of Sciences of the Republic of KyrgyzstanBishkekKyrgyzstan
  11. 11.Institute of Disaster PreventionBeijingChina

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