Advertisement

Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics

, Volume 52, Issue 7, pp 683–696 | Cite as

Traces of ancient tsunamis in the coastal parts of the South China Sea

  • E. A. RogozhinEmail author
Article

Abstract

The results of geological and geomorphological investigations have shown that the South China Sea and its close coastal margins are in danger because of the possibility of a tsunami arriving from seismically active zones in the Philippines and Taiwan to the west and northwest coastal zones of the South China Sea. The collected data on paleotsunamis make it possible to date at least three such ancient catastrophes that have occurred in the last 1000 years (about 350, 650, and 960 years ago). The height of splashes of these ancient tsunami waves can be estimated. It was more than 7 m and in some places exceeded 15 m. The length of the sea coast covered by the paleotsunamis is estimated at several hundred (up to a first thousand) kilometers, which gives the opportunity to distinguish them from the ancient typhoons that are also typical of the region.

Keywords

tsunami sediments height of waves age the South China Sea 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Cao, D.T., Rogozhin, E.A., Ngo, T.L., Nguyen, H.T., Mai, X.B., Le, V.D., and Nguyen, T.T., Tsunami could be attacked the Vietnam coastline in the ancient time, in Proceedings of the 5th Vietnam Geophysics Conference, Ho Chi Minh City, 2007, pp. 172–181.Google Scholar
  2. Goto, K., Fujino, S., Sugawara, D., and Nishimura, Y., The current situation of tsunami geology under new policies for disaster countermeasures in Japan, Episodes, 2014, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 258–264.Google Scholar
  3. Gusyakov, V.K., Mathematical modeling and information support in tsunami studies, Cand. Sci. (Phys.–Math.) Dissertation, Novosibirsk, 2002. http://www.dissercat.com/content/matematicheskoe-modelirovanie-i-informatsionnoe- obespechenie-v-issledovaniyakh-po-probleme-t#ixzz3WEsew6Ji.Google Scholar
  4. Laverov, N.P., Lobkovskii, L.I., Levin, B.V., Rabinovich, A.B., Kulikov, E.A., Fain, I.V., and Tomson, R.E., The Kuril tsunamis of November 15, 2006, and January 13, 2007: Two trans-Pacific events, Dokl. Earth Sci., 2009, vol. 426, no. 4, pp. 658–664.Google Scholar
  5. Levin, B.V., Fizika tsunami i rodstvennykh yavlenii v okeane (Physics of Tsunamis and Related Phenomena in the Ocean), Moscow: Yanus-K, 2005.Google Scholar
  6. Melekestsev, I.V., Kurbatov, A.V., Pevzner, M.M., and Sulerzhitskii, L.D., Prehistoric tsunamis and strong earthquakes in Kamchatka according to tephrochronological data, Vulkanol. Seismol., 1994, no. 5, pp. 106–115.Google Scholar
  7. Melekestsev, I.V. and Kurbatov, A.V., The frequency of largest paleoseismic events in the northwestern coast and the Komandor hollow of the Bering Sea in late Pleistocene–Holocene, Vulkanol. Seismol., 1997, no. 3, pp. 3–11.Google Scholar
  8. Murti, T.S., Seismicheskie morskie volny tsunami (Seismic Sea Tsunami Waves), Moscow: Gidrometeoizdat, 1981.Google Scholar
  9. Ngo, T.L., Rogozhin, E.A., and Cao, D.T., Some geological manifestations of traces of prehistoric tsunamis along the coast of South Central Vietnam, J. Geol., Ser. A, 2006, vol. 297, nos. 11–12, pp. 24–29.Google Scholar
  10. Pinegina, T., Bourgeois, J., MacInnes, B.T., Kravchunovskaya, E., Martin, M., and Razjigaeva, N., Paleotsunamis in the Middle Kuril Islands—implications for a seismic gap (and in view of recent events), EOS, Trans. Am. Geophys. Union, 2007, vol. 88, no. 52, Abstr. OS31A–0161.Google Scholar
  11. Pinegina, T.K. and Bourgeois, J., Historical and paleo-tsunami deposits on Kamchatka, Russia: Long-term chronologies and long-distance correlations, Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 2001, no. 1, pp. 177–185.Google Scholar
  12. Reisner, G.I. and Ioganson, L.I., The extraregional seismotectonic method for the assessment of seismic potential, Nat. Hazards, 1996, vol. 14, pp. 3–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Reisner, G.I. and Ioganson, L.I., Integrated typification of the Earth crust as a basis for solving fundamental and applied problems, Byull. MOIP, Otd. Geol., 1997, vol. 72, no. 3, pp. 5–13.Google Scholar
  14. Ren, Y., Wen, R., and Song, Y., Recent progress of tsunami hazard mitigation in China, Episodes, 2014, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 277–283.Google Scholar
  15. Rogozhin, E.A., The Shikotan earthquake of 1994: The tectonic setting and geodynamic conditions, Geotectonics, 1996, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 27–38.Google Scholar
  16. Rogozhin, E.A., The global natural catastrophe in the Indian Ocean, Geografiya, 2005, no. 2, pp. 8–13.Google Scholar
  17. Rogozhin, E.A. and Zakharova, A.I., Seismotectonics of the source zone of tsunamigenic earthquakes, Geofiz. Issled., 2006, no. 6, pp. 3–12.Google Scholar
  18. Rogozhin, E.A., March 11, 2011 M 9.0 Tohoku earthquake in Japan: Tectonic setting of source, macroseismic, seismological, and geodynamic manifestations, Geotectonics, 2011, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 337–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rogozhin, E.A., Ocherki regional’noi seismotektoniki (Essays on Regional Seismotectonics), Moscow: IFZ RAN, 2012.Google Scholar
  20. Shishikura, M., History of the paleo-earthquakes along the Sagami through, Central Japan: Review of coastal paleoseismological studies in the Kanto region, Episodes, 2014, vol. 37, no. 4, pp. 246–257.Google Scholar
  21. Solov’ev, S.L., Frequency of earthquakes and tsunamis in the Pacific Ocean, in Volny tsunami (Tsunami Waves), Yuzhno-Sakhalinsk: SakhKNII, 1972, no. 29, pp. 7–47.Google Scholar
  22. Starovoit, O.E., Mikhailova, R.S., Rogozhin, E.A., and Levina, V.I., Northern Eurasia, in Zemletryaseniya Severnoi Evrazii, 2007 g (Earthquakes in Northern Eurasia, 2007), Obninsk: GS RAN, 2014, pp. 14–40.Google Scholar
  23. Sun, L., Zhou, X., Huang, W., et al., Preliminary evidence for a 1000-years-old tsunami in the South China Sea, Sci. Rep., 2013, vol. 3, 1655, pp. 1–5.Google Scholar
  24. Tsunami, in Atlas okeanov (Atlas of Oceans), vol. 1: Tikhii okean (The Pacific Ocean), Leningrad: VMF SSSR, 1974, p. 29.Google Scholar
  25. Tunegolovets, V.P., Statistical method of the typhoon intensity forecast, Tr. Dal’nevost. Nauchno-Issled. Gidrometeorol. Inst., 1987, no. 138, pp. 146–179.Google Scholar
  26. Zayakin, Yu.A., Tsunami na Dal’nem Vostoke Rossii (Tsunamis in the Far East of Russia), Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskii: Kamshat, 1996.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Schmidt Institute of Physics of the EarthRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations