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Satellite monitoring of oil slicks on the Black Sea surface

Abstract

This paper summarizes the results of perennial combined satellite monitoring of the Black Sea conducted in order to detect sea-surface oil and oil-product pollution, as well as biogenic and anthropogenic surfactant films. A joint analysis of data obtained by various remote sensing techniques has been performed. The large amount of data has resulted in generalizations and reliable statistics on the spatial and temporal variability of different film manifestations in radar images of the sea surface. Regions most severely polluted by petroleum products have been identified. A hypothesis is suggested linking the surface manifestations of certain types of polluting films with natural gas and oil seeps and mud volcanism in the Black Sea. Improvements in the reliability of interpreting satellite data are discussed.

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Correspondence to O. Yu. Lavrova.

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Original Russian Text © O.Yu. Lavrova, M.I. Mityagina, 2012, published in Issledovanie Zemli iz Kosmosa, 2012, No. 3, pp. 48–65.

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Lavrova, O.Y., Mityagina, M.I. Satellite monitoring of oil slicks on the Black Sea surface. Izv. Atmos. Ocean. Phys. 49, 897–912 (2013). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0001433813090107

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Keywords

  • satellite monitoring
  • satellite radar imagery
  • oil pollution of the sea surface
  • biogenic and anthropogenic films contaminants on the sea surface
  • methane seeps
  • natural oil and gas seeps