Skip to main content

Solar wind density variations and the development of heliobiological effects during magnetic storms

Abstract

The hypothesis is discussed that the response of biological systems recorded a day before the beginning of a geomagnetic disturbance may be due to magnetospheric processes induced by a sharp increase in solar wind (SW) density. It is shown that an increase in SW density near the magnetosphere one day before the beginning of the increase in the K p index is a quite typical situation, particularly in years of sunspot minimum with the main contribution of gradually developing storms formed by SW high-speed streams from coronal holes. An increase in SW density results in an increase in the dynamic pressure on the magnetosphere, its restructuring, and a change in the geometry and quality factor of an ionospheric duct. As a consequence, the parameters of Schumann resonances change, Pc1 pulsations are generated, and infrasound generation is intensified. All these processes are discussed in the literature as affecting the biological systems. Thus, it is reasonable to consider just the moment of SW density increase as the beginning of magnetosphere changes with biotropic effect.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  • Breus, T.K., Baevskii, P.M., Nikulina, G.A., Chibisov, S.M., Chernikova, A.G., Pukhlyanko, M.I., Oraevskii, V.N., Halberg, F., Cornelissen, G., and Petrov, V.M., Geomagnetic Activity Effects on Humans in Nonstationary Extreme Conditions and Comparison with Laboratory Observations, Biofizika, 1998, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 767–775.

    Google Scholar 

  • Chibisov, S.M., Breus, T.K., Levitin, A.E., and Drogova, G.M., Biological Effects of a Planetary Magnetic Storm, Biofizika, 1995, vol. 40, no. 5, pp. 959–968.

    Google Scholar 

  • Cornelissen, G., Achievements of Franz Halberg, the Founder of Chronobiology and Chronomics, Geofiz. Prots. Biosfera, 2009, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 75–84.

    Google Scholar 

  • Dimitrova, S., Stoilova, I., Georgieva, K., Taseva, T., Jordanova, M., and Maslarov, D., Solar and Geomagnetic Activity and Acute Myocardial Infarction Morbidity and Mortality, Fundam. Space Res., 2009, vol. 161. http://www.stil.bas.bg/FSR2009/papl61.pdf

  • Dmitrieva, I.V., Khabarova, O.V., Obridko, V.N., Ragoulskaia, M.V., and Reznikov, A.E., Experimental Confirmations of the Bioeffective Effect of Magnetic Storms, Astronom. Astrophys. Transact., 2000, vol. 19, pp. 67–77.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Grigor’ev, P.E., Ragul’skaya, M.V., Kutsevol, I.B., Vaiserman, A.M., and Gorgo, Yu.P., Types of Responses of the Cardiovascular and Autonomic Systems in Elderly People to Quasiperiodic Heliogeophysical Events, Probl. Staren. Dolgolet., 2007, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 311–320.

    Google Scholar 

  • Guglielmi, A., Kangas, J., Kultima, J., and Potapov, A., Solar Wind Dependence of the Pcl Wave Activity, Adv. Space Res., 2005, vol. 36, no. 12, pp. 2413–2416.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Gurfinkel’, Yu.I., Lyubimov, V.V., Oraevskii, V.N., Parfenova, L.M., and Yur’ev, A.S., Effect of Geomagnetic Disturbances on the Capillary Blood Flow in Patients with Coronary Heart Disease, Biophysics, 1995, vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 793–799.

    Google Scholar 

  • Halberg, F., Cornéissen, G., Schack, B., Wendt, H.W., Minne, K., Sothern, R.B., Watanabe, Y., Katinas, G., Otsuka, K., and Bakken, E.E., Blood Pressure Self-Surveillance for Health Also Reflects 1.3-Year Richardson Solar Wind Variation: Spin-Off from Chronomics, Biomed. Pharmacother., 2003, vol. 57, no. 1, pp. 58–76.

    Google Scholar 

  • Halberg, F., Cornelissen, G., Sotern, R.B., Chaplitski, E., and Schvartzkopff, O., 35-Year Climate Cycle in Heliogeophysics, Psychophysiology, Military Policy, and Economics, Geofiz. Prots. Biosfera, 2009a, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 13–42.

    Google Scholar 

  • Halberg, F., Cornelissen, G., Beaty, L.A., Otsuka, K., Watanabe, E., Sothern, R.B., Katinas, G.S., Chaplitski, E., Sanchez de la Pena, S., Ulmer, V., Revilla, M., Zeeman, M., Schvartzkopff, O., and Singh, R.B., Phoenix Research Team, BIOKOS Project Team: Advances in Chronomics in 2006–2008. Part 1: Concordance of Rhythms of Biosphere and Heliogeophysical Processes, Geofiz. Prots. Biosfera, 2009b, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 43–74.

    Google Scholar 

  • Halberg, F., Cornelissen, G., Beaty, L.A., Otsuka, K., Watanabe, E., Sothern, R.B., Katinas, G.S., Chaplitski, E., Sanchez de la Pena, S., Ulmer, V., Revilla, M., Zeeman, M., Schvartzkopff, O., Singh, R.B., Phoenix Research Team, BIOKOS Project Team: Advances in Chronomics in 2006–2008. Part 2: Circadian and Circasemiseptan Rhythms, Geofiz. Prots. Biosfera, 2009c, vol. 8, no. 4, pp. 47–60.

    Google Scholar 

  • Halberg, F., Cornelissen, G., Sothern, R.B., and Schvartzkopff, O., BEL-Cycles: Neither “Bruckner”, nor “Brikner” but the Again Demanded Brückner, 2009d, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 65–71.

    Google Scholar 

  • Halberg, F. and Shvartskopff, O., The Use of Monitoring of the State of Human Vascular System for Solving Problems in Physics, Universal Personalized and Social Care Taking into Account the Space Weather, NTR, 2010, vol. 89, no. 1, pp. 13–35.

    Google Scholar 

  • Khabarova, O., Pilipenko, V., Engebretson, M.J., and Rudenchik, E., Solar Wind and Interplanetary Magnetic Field Features before Magnetic Storm Onset, in Proceedings of Eighth International Conference on Sub-Storms (ICS-8), Syrjasuo and Donovan, Eds., Calgary, Alberta, Canada: University of Calgary Press, 2007, pp. 127–132. http://ics8.ca/proc-files/khabarova.pdf

    Google Scholar 

  • Khabarova, O.V., Investigation of the Tchizhevsky-Velhover Effect, Biophysics, 2004, vol. 49, no. 1, pp. 560–567.

    Google Scholar 

  • Khabarova, O.V. and Yermolaev, Yu.I., Solar Wind Parameters’ Behavior before and after Magnetic Storms, J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys., 2008, vol. 70, pp. 384–390.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kleimenova, N.G., Kozyreva, O.V., and Rapoport, S.I., Pc1 Geomagnetic Pulsations as a Potential Hazard of the Myocardial Infarction, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys., 2007, vol. 69, no. 14, pp. 1759–1764.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kleimenova, N.G. and Kozyreva, O.V., Magnetic Storms and Heart Attacks: Is It Always Storms Are Dangerous?, Geofiz. Prots. Biosfera, 2008, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 5–24.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kolesnik, A.G., Electromagnetic Background and Its Role in the Problem of Environmental Protection and Human Ecology, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Fiz., 1998, no. 8, pp. 102–112.

  • Kolesnik, A.G., Borodin, A.S., Kolesnik, S.A., and Pobachenko, S.V., Resonance Mechanism of Solar-Terrestrial Relations, Izv. Vyssh. Uchebn. Zaved., Fiz., 2003, no. 8, p. 23.

  • Komarov, F.I., Breus, T.K., Rapoport, S.I., Musin, M.M., and Naborov, I.V., Heliogeophysical Factors and Their Impact on the Cyclical Processes in the Biosphere, Itogi Nauki Tekhn., Ser. Med., 1989, vol. 18, p. 175.

    Google Scholar 

  • Komarov, F.I., Breus, T.K., Rapoport, S.I., Oraevskii, V.N., Gurfinkel’, Yu.I, Halberg, F., and Cornelissen, Zh., Biomedical Effects of Solar Activity, Vestn. Akad. Med. Nauk, 1994, no. 11, pp. 37–50.

  • Kornilov, I.A. and Kornilov, O.I., Specific Behavior of VLF Emissions and the First Schumann Resonance Related to SC, Geomagn. Aeron., 2005, vol. 45, no. 5, pp. 627–632.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kornilova, L.S. and Nikitin, G.A., Characteristics of Occurrence and Progression of Myocardial Infarction in Different Periods of Solar Activity, Klin. Med., 2008, vol. 86, no. 8, pp. 39–44.

    Google Scholar 

  • Kozyreva, O.V., Pilipenko, V.A., Engebretson, M.J., Yumoto, K., Watermann, J., and Romanova, N., In Search of New ULF Wave Index: Comparison of Pc5 Power with Dynamics of Geostationary Relativistic Electrons, Planet. Space Sci., 2007, vol. 55, pp. 755–769.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Martynyuk, B.C., Temur’yants, N.A., and Moskovchuk, O.B., Correlation between the Biophysical Parameters of Biologically Active Points and Variations in Heliogeophysical Factors, Biophysics, 2001, vol. 46, no. 5, pp. 905–910.

    Google Scholar 

  • Matveyeva, E.T. and Shchepetnov, R.V., Temporal Characteristics and Medical Aspects of Pc1 Geomagnetic Pulsations, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys., 2007, vol. 69, no. 14, pp. 1747–1752.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mitrofanova, T.A., Gurfinkel, Y.I., Mitrofanova, E.V., Perov, A.Y., and Teodoradze, R.V., Statistical Studies of the Geomagnetic Effects on Acute Cardiovascular and Cerebral Pathologies at Five Medical Centers, in Proceedings of International Scientific Workshop “Space Weather Effects on Biological Systems and Human Health”, Moscow, Russia, February 17–18, 2005, Atkov, O.Yu. and Gurfinkel, Yu.I., Eds., Moscow: Reprocenter, 2006, pp. 110–111.

    Google Scholar 

  • Oraevskii, V.N., Kuleshova, V.P., Gurfinkel’, Yu.I., Guseva, A.V., and Rapoport, S.I., Medical and Biological Effects of Natural Electromagnetic Variations, Biophysics, 1998, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 800–803.

    Google Scholar 

  • Poskotinova, L.V. and Grigor’ev, P.E., Dependence of Typological Characteristics of Autonomic Responses of Healthy Subjects on the Background Level Meteorological Factors, Ekol. Chelov., 2008, no. 5, pp. 3–8.

  • Ragul’skaya, M.V. and Khabarova, O.V., The Influence of Solar Disturbances on the Human Body, Biomed. Radioelektron., 2001, no. 2, pp. 5–15.

  • Rapoport, S.I., Breus, T.K., Kleimenova, N.G., Kozyreva, O.V., and Malinovskaya, N.K., Geomagnetic Pulsations and Myocardial Infarctions, Ter. Arkh., 2006, no. 4, pp. 56–60.

  • Rozhdestvenskaya, E.D., Pyl’skaya, O.P., and Lyamova, G.V., Heliobiological Research in Cardiology as a Method of Study of the Distribution of Cardiovascular Events in Relation to Heliogeophysical Factors, in Problemy kosmicheskoi biologii (Problems of Space Biology), Leningrad: Nauka, 1989, vol. 65, pp. 15–22.

    Google Scholar 

  • Solov’ev, A.V., Kolesnik, A.G., and Borodin, A.S., Correlation of Human Heart Rate with Variations in Infrasonic Background of the Environment, Vestn. Tomsk. Gos. Univ., 2007, no. 297, pp. 168–170.

  • Soroka, S.O., Mezentsev, V.P., Karataeva, L.M., and Soroka, O.S., Infrasound of Space Origin and Its Influence on Terrestrial Processes, Kosm. Nauka Tekhnol., 2008, vol. 14, no. 6, pp. 73–88.

    Google Scholar 

  • Vladimirskii, B.M., Atmospheric Infrasound as a Possible Factor Transmitting the Effect of Solar Activity on the Biosphere, Izv. Krym., Astrofiz. Observator., 1974, vol. 42, pp. 190–194.

    Google Scholar 

  • Zenchenko, T.A., Tsagareishvili, E.V., Oshchepkova, E.V., Rogoza, A.N., and Breus, T.K., On the Impact of Geomagnetic and Meteorological Activity on Patients with Hypertension, Klin. Med., 2007, no. 1, pp. 31–35.

  • Zenchenko, T.A. and Merzlyi, A.M., Relationship between the Dynamics of Aviation Events and Heliophysical Events, Geofiz. Prots. Biosfera, 2008, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 27–38.

    Google Scholar 

  • Zenchenko, T.A., Tsagareishvili, E.V., Rogoza, A.N., and Grigoriev, P.E., Typology of Typical Reactions on the Space and Usual Weather Variations for Patients Suffering from Hypertension and for Healthy People, in Global Telemedicine, Jordanova, M. and Lievens, F., Eds., eHealth Updates: Knowledge Resources, Luxembourg: Luxexpo, 2009, vol. 2, pp. 409–413.

    Google Scholar 

  • Zenchenko, T.A., Dimitrova, S., Stoilova, K., and Breus, T.K., Individual Types of Reactions of Blood Pressure of Apparently Healthy Subjects to Geomagnetic Activity, Klin. Med., 2009a, no. 4, pp. 18–23.

  • Zenchenko, T.A., Merzlyi, A.M., and Poskotinova, L.V., Method of Evaluation of Individual Meteorological and Magnetic Sensitivity of the Human Body and Its Application in Different Geographic Latitudes, Ekol. Chelov., 2009b, no. 10, pp. 3–11.

  • Zolotukhina, N., Pilipenko, V., Engebretson, M.J., and Rodger, A.S., Response of the Inner and Outer Magnetosphere to Solar Wind Density Fluctuations during the Recovery Phase of a Moderate Magnetic Storm, J. Atmos. Solar-Terr. Phys., 2007, vol. 69, no. 14, pp. 1707–1722.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Additional information

Original Russian Text © T.A. Zenchenko, 2010, published in Geofizicheskie protsessy i biosfera, 2010, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 5–20.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Zenchenko, T.A. Solar wind density variations and the development of heliobiological effects during magnetic storms. Izv. Atmos. Ocean. Phys. 47, 795–804 (2011). https://doi.org/10.1134/S0001433811070085

Download citation

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1134/S0001433811070085

Keywords

  • geomagnetic disturbance
  • solar wind density
  • solar-biosphere relationships