Skip to main content
Log in

Nuclear fusion induced by a super-intense ultrashort laser pulse in a deuterated glass aerogel

  • Atoms, Spectra, Radiation
  • Published:
Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics Aims and scope Submit manuscript


A SiO2 aerogel with absorbed deuterium is proposed as a target for the fusion reaction d + d → He3 + n induced by a superintense ultrashort laser pulse. The multiple inner ionization of oxygen and silicon atoms in the aerogel skeleton occurs in the superintense laser field. All the formed free electrons are heated and removed from the aerogel skeleton by the laser field at the front edge of the laser pulse. The subsequent Coulomb explosion of the deuterated charged aerogel skeleton propels the deuterium ions up to kinetic energies of ten keV and higher. The neutron yield is estimated at up to 105 neutrons per laser pulse for ∼200–500 ps if the peak intensity is 1018 W/cm2 and the pulse duration is 35 fs.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this article

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Instant access to the full article PDF.

Similar content being viewed by others


  1. T. Ditmire, J. Zweiback, V. P. Yanovsky, et al., Nature 398, 489 (1999).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. J. Zweiback, R. A. Smith, V. P. Yanovsky, et al., in Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on Multiphoton Processes, ICOMP VIII, Ed. by L. F. DiMauro, R. R. Freeman, and K. C. Kulander (American Inst. of Physics Press, New York, 2000), p. 534.

    Google Scholar 

  3. J. Zweiback, R. A. Smith, T. E. Cowan, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 2634 (2000).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  4. J. Zweiback, T. E. Cowan, R. A. Smith, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 3640 (2000).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  5. H. Schwoerer, H. Gibbon, S. Düsterer, et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 86, 2317 (2001).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  6. V. P. Krainov and M. B. Smirnov, Zh. Eksp. Teor. Fiz. 119, 719 (2001) [JETP 92, 626 (2001)].

    Google Scholar 

  7. B. M. Smirnov, Phys. Rep. 188, 1 (1990); Physics of Fractal Clusters (Nauka, Moscow, 1993).

    Article  ADS  MATH  Google Scholar 

  8. K. Christmann, Introduction to Surface Physical Chemistry (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1991).

    Google Scholar 

  9. T. Ditmire, Phys. Rev. A 57, R4094 (1998).

  10. H. Bethe and E. E. Salpeter, Quantum Mechanics of One-and Two Electron Atoms (Rosetta, New York, 1977).

    Google Scholar 

  11. Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, Ed. by D. R. Lide (CRC, Boca Raton, 1998–1999, 79th ed.).

    Google Scholar 

  12. N. B. Delone and V. P. Krainov, Multiphoton Processes in Atoms (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000).

    Google Scholar 

  13. W. A. de Heer, Rev. Mod. Phys. 65, 611 (1993).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  14. V. P. Krainov and M. B. Smirnov, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 170, 969 (2000).

    Google Scholar 

  15. T. Ditmire, T. Donnelly, A. M. Rubenchik, et al., Phys. Rev. A 53, 3379 (1996).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

  16. B. M. Smirnov, Physics of Ionized Gases (Wiley, New York, 2001).

    Google Scholar 

  17. E. Lefebre and G. Bonnaud, Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2002 (1995).

    ADS  Google Scholar 

  18. E. Teller, Fusion (Academic, New York, 1981).

    Google Scholar 

  19. P. B. Parks, T. E. Cowan, R. B. Stephens, and E. M. Campbell, Phys. Rev. A 63, 063203 (2001).

    Google Scholar 

  20. I. Last and J. Jortner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 87, 033401 (2001).

    Google Scholar 

  21. C. D. Decker and R. A. London, Phys. Rev. A 57, 1395 (1998).

    Article  ADS  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Additional information

From Zhurnal Éksperimental’no\(\overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}$}}{l} \) i Teoretichesko\(\overset{\lower0.5em\hbox{$\smash{\scriptscriptstyle\smile}$}}{l} \) Fiziki, Vol. 120, No. 3, 2001, pp. 555–561.

Original English Text Copyright © 2001 by Krainov, Smirnov.

This article was submitted by the authors in English.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Krainov, V.P., Smirnov, M.B. Nuclear fusion induced by a super-intense ultrashort laser pulse in a deuterated glass aerogel. J. Exp. Theor. Phys. 93, 485–490 (2001).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: