Demographic situation in Siberia in the context of nationwide trends
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The article examines the demographic situation in Siberia and Russia, which since 2006 following a long period of depopulation has been characterized by favorable demographic dynamics, i.e., growth in the birth rate, increasing life expectancy, and positive natural increase in population. These are only the first successful steps in overcoming the demographic crisis, however, since the birth rate, despite the positive trend, is still far from the figures of the late 1980s and, according to the data for Russia for 2012, is only 80% of the replacement level. The main obstacles to the increase in the birth rate are shown. It is stated that in order to eventually overcome the demographic crisis, the country’s target set for the family and demographic policy should be a family with three to four children. Such a family should receive the greatest economic and moral support from the state and society. One of the most important tasks of the Russian government is to solve modern family problems leading to the existence of the postponed birth phenomenon.
KeywordsRussia Siberian Federal District (SFD) demographic policy depopulation demographic potential life expectancy natural population increase desired and expected number of children
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