Advertisement

Arid Ecosystems

, Volume 9, Issue 3, pp 174–178 | Cite as

Grazing Effect on Soil Properties in Dry Subtropic Steppes of Azerbaijan

  • S. A. GanievaEmail author
  • N. Ya. Dyunyamalieva
  • F. M. Ramazanova
APPLIED PROBLEMS OF ARID LAND DEVELOPMENT

Abstract

The article presents changes in the morphological and diagnostic parameters of gray-brown soils of dry steppes under the effect of grazing on a reserve and with regulated and free grazing. It has been revealed that, in comparison with the reserve regime, long-term intensive free grazing on gray-brown soils of dry steppes resulted in a 50–55% decrease in the projective vegetation cover, a poorer (loose) soil structure, compaction, and a 9.45% decrease in humus content and a 6.07% decrease in organic carbon content in the top horizon. The thickness of the humus horizon decreased by about 50%. There was a twofold decrease in the nitrogen content, while the drop in available phosphorus and potassium compounds was relatively smaller. The physical and mechanical soil properties also worsened: soil compactness in the 0–10-cm layer dropped by 0.13%, valuable clay particles were washed from the topsoil, the soil structure became more powdery, and the content of valuable water-stable aggregates and their water resistance decreased. The goal of the study is to develop more efficient pasture use for grazing in dry steppes.

Notes

COMPLIANCE WITH ETHICAL STANDARDS

Conflict of interest. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest. Statement of the welfare of animals. This article does not contain any studies involving animals or human participants performed by any of the authors.

REFERENCES

  1. 1.
    Agrofizicheskie metody issledovaniya pochv (Manual on Agrophysical Analysis of Soils), Moscow: Nauka, 1966, pp. 5–42.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Arinushkina, E.V., Rukovodstvo po khimicheskomu analizu pochv (Manual for Chemical Analysis of Soils), Moscow: Mosk. Gos. Univ., 1970.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Asanov, K.A., Alimaev, I.I., and Smoilov, K.Sh., Effect of grazing on soil and vegetation in the North Kazakhstan desert, Probl. Osvoeniya Pustyn’, 1992, no. 2, pp. 7–13.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Babaev, M.P., Gurbanov, E.A., and Ramazanova, F.M., Main types of soil degradation in the Kura-Aras Lowland of Azerbaijan, Eurasian Soil Sci., 2015, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 445–456.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gubanov, E.A., Ganieva, S.A., Verdiev, S.B., and Mekhdiev, D.T., Impact of grazing on soil degradation in pasture ecosystems of the Kura-Araz lowland, in Rol’ pochv v biosfere (Role of Soils in Biosphere), Moscow: MAKS Press, 2012, pp. 88–89.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Kotenko, M.E., Changes of light chestnut soils in Tersko-Sulak lowland under various pasture loads, Pochvovedenie, 1993, no. 4, pp. 108–111.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Museiibov, M.A., Fizicheskaya geografiya Azerbaidzhana (Physical Geography of Azerbaijan), Baku: Marif, 1998.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Nasiev, B.N., Agrochemical parameters of soil degradation of fodder crops in semidesert zone of West Kazakhstan region, Agrokhimiya, 2015, no. 9, pp. 20–26.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ramazanova, F.M., Influence of the intermediate sowings of fodder crops on the agrophysical indicators of the irrigated soils in Azerbaijan dry subtropics, Russ. Agric. Sci., 2017, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 410–413.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Shamsutdinov, Z.Sh. and Shamsutdinov, N.Z., Biogeocenotic principles and methods of environmental restoration of desert pasture ecosystems in Central Asia, Arid Ecosyst., 2012, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 139–149.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sushko, K.S., Degradation of chestnut soils of dry steppes of the Manych valley affected by economic activities, Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Geogr.) Dissertation, Rostov-on-Don, 2015, p. 23.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Sydykbaev, T.N., Effect of grazing on the state and properties of chestnut soils of the northern slope of Ala-Too Ridge (Kyrgyzstan), Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Biol.) Dissertation, Moscow, 1990.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Usmanov, R.Z., Balamirzoev, M.A., Kotenko, M.E., Bababeva, M.A., and Osipova, S.V., Combat degradation and desertification of Kizlyar pastures related to aridization of climate and anthropogenic impacts on nature ecosystems, Yug Ross.: Ekol., Ravit., 2010, no. 3, pp. 117–122.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Vadyunina, A.F. and Korchagina, Z.A., Metody issledovaniya fizicheskikh svoistv pochv (Practical Manual for Analysis of Physical Properties of Soils), Moscow: Agropromizdat, 1998.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. A. Ganieva
    • 1
    Email author
  • N. Ya. Dyunyamalieva
    • 1
  • F. M. Ramazanova
    • 2
  1. 1.Аzerbaijan University of Architecture and ConstructionsBakuAzerbaijan
  2. 2.Institute of Soil Science and Agrochemistry, Azerbaijan National Academy of SciencesBakuAzerbaijan

Personalised recommendations