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Arid Ecosystems

, Volume 8, Issue 4, pp 299–306 | Cite as

Anthropogenic Transformation of Kyzyl-Yar Lake in Crimea: Multiyear Research Findings

  • N. V. Shadrin
  • V. G. Simonov
  • E. V. AnufriievaEmail author
  • V. N. Popovichev
  • N. O. Sirotina
WATER ECOSYSTEMS
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Abstract

Most of the hypersaline lakes located in the arid part of the Crimea have been undergoing anthropogenic transformations. We concentrate on the impact of the established water storage reservoir on the marine Kyzyl-Yar Lake (Western Crimea) over the period from 1985 to 2017. As a result of water seepage from the reservoir, the lake salinity decreased from 162 g/L in 1985 to 2–3 g/L in 2005 and subsequently remained steady at this level. Over 20 years, the lake changed from a hypersaline to freshwater lake. The accompanying changes included an altered ratio of ion concentrations in the water column and interstitial waters and increased Ca2+/Na+ and \({{{\text{SO}}_{4}^{{2 - }}} \mathord{\left/ {\vphantom {{{\text{SO}}_{4}^{{2 - }}} {{\text{C}}{{{\text{l}}}^{ - }}}}} \right. \kern-0em} {{\text{C}}{{{\text{l}}}^{ - }}}}\) indicators. Substantial shifts occurred in the structure of the biological diversity and conditions of the bottom deposits, such as the disappearance of branchipoda crustaceans of the genus Artemia, which had been practically the only representative of the local fauna before, and the dominance of new species Cladocera and Cyclopoida in plankton.

Keywords:

Crimean Peninsula anthropogenic transformation long-term changes lake ecosystems 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This work was supported in part by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project no. 16-05-00134 a.

We are grateful to the staff of the Crimean Hydrogeological Regime–Operation Station and Kovalevsky Institute of Marine Biological Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences for their participation in the field work and the analysis of samples throughout many years of research.

COMPLIANCE WITH ETHICAL STANDARDS

Сonflict of interests. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Statement on the welfare of animals. This article does not contain any studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. V. Shadrin
    • 1
  • V. G. Simonov
    • 2
  • E. V. Anufriieva
    • 1
    Email author
  • V. N. Popovichev
    • 1
  • N. O. Sirotina
    • 2
  1. 1.Kovalevsky Institute of Marine Biological Research, Russian Academy of SciencesSevastopolRussia
  2. 2.Hydrogeological Regime and Operation StationSakiRussia

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