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Inorganic Materials: Applied Research

, Volume 9, Issue 5, pp 785–793 | Cite as

Prospects of Application of Self-Healing Materials and Technologies Based on Them

  • N. N. Sitnikov
  • I. A. Khabibullina
  • V. I. Mashchenko
  • R. N. Rizakhanov
Physicochemical Principles of Creating Materials and Technologies
  • 10 Downloads

Abstract

Self-healing materials are of increasing interest for science and industry. However, such materials and technologies based on them are not widely implemented at the large-scale industrial level. There are reports on single successful implementations of such technologies; the concept of artificial self-healing of nonbiological materials is mostly actualized in prototypes for self-healing materials and systems. Self-restoring of the initial characteristics of materials is the most successfully realized in polymers and compositions based on them, and polymer coatings are the most applicable and commercially demanded self-healing materials. In this article, the basic mechanisms of self-healing of the initial characteristics in materials of different types are briefly presented and the technologies based on them are considered. The data on self-healing materials of different chemical nature (polymers, cements, ceramics, metals, and composite materials) are analyzed. The physical and chemical principles of providing the effect of self-restoring of the initial characteristics are highlighted, and the prospects of practical implementation of self-healing materials and technologies on their basis are discussed. The sources of information used were overviews on self-healing materials of different types, patents, and scientific articles.

Keywords

self-restoring self-healing polymers ceramics cements concretes metals composite materials encapsulated systems 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • N. N. Sitnikov
    • 1
    • 2
  • I. A. Khabibullina
    • 1
  • V. I. Mashchenko
    • 3
  • R. N. Rizakhanov
    • 1
  1. 1.Keldysh Research CenterMoscowRussia
  2. 2.National Research Nuclear UniversityMoscowRussia
  3. 3.Moscow Region State UniversityMoscowRussia

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