Russian Journal of Biological Invasions

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 384–391 | Cite as

Materials for the Blacklist of the Central Caucasus Flora (for the Kabardino-Balkar Republic)

  • S. H. ShhagapsoevEmail author
  • V. A. ChadaevaEmail author
  • N. L. TsepkovaEmail author
  • K. A. ShhagapsoevaEmail author


A blacklist of the flora of Kabardino-Balkaria, which includes 22 species of invasive plants, has been compiled. According to recommendations for the Black Books, all plant species from the blacklist are divided into four groups according to their invasive status. A brief description of their naturalization history, occurrence, and ecological, biological, and phytocenotic features on the described territory is presented.


invasive plants alien species blacklist Kabardino-Balkaria 



Conflict of interests. The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Statement on the welfare of animals. This article does not contain any studies involving animals performed by any of the authors.


  1. 1.
    Chadaeva, V.A., Shhagapsoeva, K.A., Tsepkova, N.L., and Shhagapsoev, S.H., Monitoring of Ambrosia artemisiifolia L. distribution in meadow phytocenoses of Kabardino-Balkarian Republic (Central Caucasus), Russ. J. Biol. Invasions, 2018, vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 195–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Chernetskaya, Z.S. and Vinogradov, S.I., Rastitel’nost’ Kabardy (Vegetation of Kabarda), Voronezh, 1926.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Convention on Biological Diversity (Rio de Janeiro, June 5, 1992), Sobranie Zakonodatel’stva Rossiiskoi Federatsii, 1996, no. 19, pp. 22–54.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Flora SSSR (Flora of the USSR), Shishkin, B.K. and Bobrov, E.G., Eds., Moscow, 1949, vol. 14.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Gel’tman, D.V., The concept of “invasive species” in application to vascular plants, Bot. Zhurn., 2006, vol. 91, no. 8, pp. 1222–1232.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Global Invasive Species Programme (GISP), 1999. Accessed April 4, 2018.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    GloBallast (Global Ballast Water Management Program), 2000. Accessed April 4, 2018.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Golovanov, Ya.M., Abramova, L.M., and Muldashev, A.A., Naturalization of invasive Elodea canadensis Michx. in waters of the Republic of Bashkortostan, Russ. J. Biol. Invasions, 2016, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 209–219.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Gur’yanov, V.V., Geografiya Kabardino-Balkarskoi ASSR (Geography of the Kabardino-Balkarian ASSR), Nal’chik: Elbrus, 1964.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Kaspian Ecological Program, 2002. Accessed April 4, 2018.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Kharina, T.G., Kalinkina, G.I., Dembitskii, A.D., and Maksimenko, N.B., Morphobiological features and qualitative composition of essential oil Elsholtzia ciliata (Thunb.) Hyl. (south part of the Tomsk region), Rastit. Resur., 1995, vol. 31, no. 3, pp. 58–64.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Klevtsov, M.M., The study of some biological features of gum (Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers) and the fight against it on irrigated lands in the steppe zone of the Kabardino-Balkarian ASSR, Extended Abstract of Cand. Sci. (Agric.) Dissertation, Nal’chik, 1973.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Konoplya, M.I., Kurdyukova, O.M., and Melnik, N.O., Cyclachaena xanthiifolia: morphobiological features and control the agricultural phytocenosis of the northern steppe zone of Ukraine, Karantin Zakhist Roslin, 2010, no. 3 (165), pp. 8–9.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Kos, Yu.I. and Demishev, K.C., Rastitel’nyi mir Kabardy (Flora of Kabarda), Nal’chik: Kabarda Gos. Izd., 1951.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Kos, Yu.I., Rastitel’nost’ Kabardino-Balkarii i ee khozyaistvennoe ispol’zovanie (Vegetation of Kabardino-Balkaria and Its Economic Use), Nal’chik: Kabardino-Balkar. Knizh. Izd., 1959.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Kozhaev, V.A., The effect of herbicides on the sowing crops and the consumption of nutrients by weeds in various agro landscapes of the Republic of North Ossetia-Alania, Izv. Gorsk. Gos. Agrar. Univ., 2014, vol. 51, part 1, pp. 26–32.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Kurdyukova, O.N. and Zherdeva, E.A., Allelopathic effects as an adaptive control system for weeds, Mater. XI mezhd. simp “Novye i netraditsionnye rasteniya i perspektivy ikh ispol’zovaniya” (Proc. XI Int. Symp. “New and Nontraditional Plants and Prospects for Their Use”), Moscow: Russ. Univ. Peoples’ Friendship, 2015, pp. 414–417.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Kushkhov, A.Kh., New weeds in the North Caucasus, Systematic News of Higher Plants, 1977, vol. 14, pp. 231–233.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Kushkhov, A.Kh., A new weed from the family of cereals in Kabardino-Balkaria, in Aktual’nye voprosy issledovaniya flory i rastitel’nosti Severnogo Kavkaza (Topical Issues of Research of Flora and Vegetation of the North Caucasus), Krasnodar: Krasnodar Gos. Univ., 1980, pp. 28–29.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Kushkhov, A.Kh., New items for alien flora of Kabardino-Balkaria and adjacent territories, in Problemy izucheniya adventivnoi flory SSSR (Problems of Studying the Adventive Flora of the USSR), Moscow: Nauka, 1989, pp. 77–78.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Leck, M.A. and Leck, C.F., Vascular plants of a Delaware River tidal freshwater wetland and adjacent terrestrial areas: seed bank and vegetation comparisons of reference and constructed marshes and annotated species list, J. Torrey Bot. Soc., 2005, vol. 132, no. 2, pp. 323–354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Mishina, I.A. and Terekhina, T.A., The behavior of some adventive plants in the Altai Territory, Mater. nauch. konf. “Problemy izucheniya adventivnoi i sinantropnoi flory v regionakh SNG” (Proc. Sci. Conf. “Problems of Studying Adventive and Synanthropic Flora in the CIS Regions”), Tula: Grif i Co, 2003, pp. 70–71.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Nikitin, V.V., Sornye rasteniya flory SSSR (Weed Plants of the Flora of the USSR), Moscow: Nauka, 1983.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Notov, A.A., Vinogradova, Yu.K., and Mayorov, S.R., On the problem of development and management of regional Black Books, Russ. J. Biol. Invasions, 2011, vol. 2, no. 1, p. 35.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    Novopokrovskii, I.V. and Kosenko, I.S., Raiony sornoi rastitel’nosti Severokavkazskogo kraya (The Areas of Weed Vegetation in the North Caucasus Region), Rostov-na-Don: Severnyi Kavkaz, 1933.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Oorzhak, A.V., Namzalov, B.B., and Kuular, M.M., Hemp in fallow phytocenoses of Tuva: ecology-phytocenotic features, Mater. Vseros. nauch. konf. s mezhd. uchastiem “Sinantropizatsiya rastenii i zhivotnykh” (Proc. All-Russia Sci. Conf. with Int. Participation “Synantropization of Plants and Animals”), Irkutsk, 2007, pp. 250–253.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Osertak, G.A. and Morozova, E.V., Karantinnye rasteniya (sornyaki) (Quarantine Plants (Weeds)), Khvoinaya, 2014.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    Poliksenova, V.D. and Khramtsov, A.K., Alien phytopathogenic micromycetes of Belarus, Vestn. Bel. Gos. Univ., 2015, no. 3, pp. 43–48.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    Portenier, N.N., Flora of the Cherek River basin of Bezengi (Central Caucasus), Cand. Sci. (Biol.) Dissertation, St. Petersburg, 1992. Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    Pyšek, P., Richardson, D.M., Rejmánek, M., Webster, G.L., Williamson, M., and Kirschner, J., Alien plants in checklists and floras: towards better communication between taxonomists and ecologists, Taxon, 2004, vol. 53, no. 1, pp. 131–143.Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    Ruguzov, A.M., Weedy crops in crop rotations of some farms of the steppe and foothill zone of Kabardino-Balkaria, in Soobshcheniya Kabardino-Balkarskogo otdeleniya VTO (Reports of the Kabardino-Balkarian Branch of the WTO), Nal’chik, 1971, no. 1, pp. 28–38.Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    Shhagapsoev, S.H., Rastitel’nyi pokrov Kabardino-Balkarii (The Vegetation Cover of Kabardino-Balkaria), Nal’chik: Tetragraf, 2015.Google Scholar
  33. 33.
    Shhagapsoev, S.H. and Karachaeva, E.V., Flora goroda Nal’chika i ego okrestnostei (Flora of Nal’chik City and Its Environs), Nal’chik, 2009.Google Scholar
  34. 34.
    Shhagapsoev, S.H. and Ordokov, A.A., Analysis of the flora of Baksan City and its environs, Mater. VIII mezhd. nauch. konf. “Biologicheskoe raznoobrazie Kavkaza” (Proc. VIII Int. Conf. “The Biological Diversity of the Caucasus”), Nal’chik, 2006, no. 1, pp. 102–106.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    Shhagapsoev, S.H. and Zhankaziev, A.R., Flora of the main agricultural crops of Kabardino-Balkaria and its analysis, Mater. VIII mezhd. konf. “Biologicheskoe raznoobrazie Kavkaza” (Proc. VIII Int. Conf. “The Biological Diversity of the Caucasus”), Nal’chik, 2006, no. 1, pp. 113–114.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Shhagapsoev, S.H., Kirzhinov, G.Kh., and Midova, L.A., Botanical studies in the Cherek region of the Kabardino-Balkarian Republic, Mater. nauchno-prakt. konf. “Priroda Cherekskogo raiona Kabardino-Balkarii i ee okhrana” (Proc. Sci.-Pract. Conf. “Nature of the Cherek Region of Kabardino-Balkaria and Its Protection”), Nal’chik, 2005, pp. 68–75.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Shhagapsoeva, K.A., Nadzirova, R.Yu., and Shhagap-soeva, S.H., Invasive plants in the flora of Kabardino-Balkaria and their analysis, Izv. Gorsk. Gos. Agrar. Univ., 2017, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 156–161.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Shhagapsoev, S.Kh., Chadaeva, V.A., Taumurzaeva, I.T., and Shkhagapsoeva, K.A., Dynamics of the population of the new invasive species Euphorbia davidii Subils in the vicinity of the city of Nalchik, Izv. Kabardino-Balkar. Gos. Agrar. Univ., 2017, no. 2, pp. 67–72.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Sokolov, V.E. and Tembotov, A.K., Mlekopitayushchie Kavkaza: Nasekomoyadnye (Mammals of the Caucasus: Insectivores), Moscow: Nauka, 1989.Google Scholar
  40. 40.
    Sytin, A.K., Gel’tman, D.V., and Portenier, N.N., Flora i botanicheskaya geografiya Severnogo Kavkaza: Izbrannye trudy (Flora and Botanical Geography of the North Caucasus: Selected Works), Moscow: KMK, 2012.Google Scholar
  41. 41.
    Tsepkova, N.L., Monitoring of the spread of invasive and quarantine plants—the basis for the sustainable development of phytocenoses in Kabardino-Balkaria, Mater. mezhd. simp., posvyashch. 20-letiyu sozdaniya Kabardino-Balkarskogo nauchnogo tsentra RAN, “Ustoichivoe razvitie: problemy, kontseptsii, modeli” (Proc. Int. Symp. Devoted to the 20th Anniversary of the Creation of the Kabardino-Balkarian Science Center, Russian Academy of Sciences “Sustainable Development: Problems, Concepts, Models”), Nal’chik, 2013, vol. 2, pp. 288–292.Google Scholar
  42. 42.
    Tsepkova, N.L. and Taumurzaeva, I.T., New species of adventive plants in Kabardino-Balkaria, Tr. Kuban. Gos. Agrar. Univ., 2016, no. 6 (63), pp. 102–107.Google Scholar
  43. 43.
    Tsepkova, N.L. and Yakimov, A.V., Some species of aquatic flowering plants new to the flora of Kabardino-Balkaria, Bot. Zhurn., 2005, vol. 90, no. 8, pp. 1253–1254.Google Scholar
  44. 44.
    Tsepkova, N.L., Kuchmezova, I.T., and Abramova, L.M., Some associations of ruderal vegetation in Nal’chik City, Rastit. Ross., 2008, no. 12, pp. 97–103.Google Scholar
  45. 45.
    Tsepkova, N.L., Abramova, L.M., and Taumurzaeva, I.T., Invasive plants of the Asteraceae family and their communities in Kabardino-Balkaria, in Trudy XIII S”ezda Russkogo Botanicheskogo Obshestva (Proc. XIII Congr. Russ. Bot. O-va), Tolyatti: Kassandra, 2013, vol. 2, pp. 336–337.Google Scholar
  46. 46.
    Tsepkova, N.L., Abramova, L.M., and Taumurzaeva, I.T., On the new ruderal syntaxons of the Central Caucasus, Nauch. Ved., 2014, vol. 23 (194), no. 29, pp. 18–24.Google Scholar
  47. 47.
    Tuganaev, V.V. and Puzyrev, A.N., Gemerofity Vyatsko-Kamskogo mezhdurechya (Hemerophytes of the Vyatka-Kama Interfluve), Sverdlovsk: Ural. Gos. Univ., 1988.Google Scholar
  48. 48.
    Vinogradova, Yu.K., Mayorov, S.R., and Khorun, L.V., Chernaya kniga flory Srednei Rossii (The Black Book of the Flora of the Middle Russia), Moscow: GEOS, 2010.Google Scholar
  49. 49.
    Vinogradova, Yu.K., Mayorov, S.R., and Notov, A.A., Chernaya kniga flory Tverskoi oblasti: chuzherodnye vidy v ekosistemakh Tverskogo regiona (The Black Book of the Flora of the Tver Region: Alien Species in the Ecosystems of the Tver Region), Moscow: KMK, 2011.Google Scholar
  50. 50.
    Virovets, V.G., Gorshkova, L.M., Sherban’, I.I., and Orlov, N.I., Varieties of cannabis without narcotic activity, Technical Crops, 1989, no. 5, pp. 35–36.Google Scholar
  51. 51.
    Weaver, S.E., The biology of Canadian weeds. Conyza canadensis, Can. J. Plant Sci., 2001, vol. 81, no. 4, pp. 867–875.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. 52.
    White, J.F. and Bernstein, D.I., Key pollen allergens in North America, Allergy Asthma Immunol., 2003, vol. 91, pp. 425–435.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Kabardino-Balkarian State UniversityNalchikRussia
  2. 2.Tembotov Institute of Ecology of Mountain Territories, Russian Academy of SciencesNalchikRussia

Personalised recommendations