Russian Journal of Biological Invasions

, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp 127–140 | Cite as

Biological invasions on Russian territory: Mammals

  • L. A. Khlyap
  • V. V. Bobrov
  • A. A. Warshavsky


The paper describes the alien mammalian species (62 species) that have penetrated and naturalized in regions new to them. Their taxonomic diversity, invasion pathway and remoteness, size of invaded area, and role in ecosystems are assessed. The invasions of alien mammals into terrestrial ecosystems of Russia are observed everywhere: on territories with a maximal influence of man on nature (cities, settlements, and cultivated lands) and on territories intended for preservation of their intact state (biosphere reserves).

Key words

invasions alien species mammals Russia biodiversity 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. A Global Strategy on Invasive Alien Species, McNeely, J.A., Mooney, H.A., Neville, L.E., et al., Eds., Switzerland-Cambridge, Gland, UK: IUCN, 2001.Google Scholar
  2. Bobrov, V.V., Warshavsky, A.A., and Khlyap, L.A., Chuzherodnye vidy mlekopitayushchikh v ekosistemakh Rossii (Alien Mammalian Species in Ecosystems of Russia), Dgebuadze, Yu.Yu. and Neronov, V.M., Eds., Moscow: KMK, 2008.Google Scholar
  3. Bol’shakov, V.N., Chernousova, N.F., and Gal’china, I. I., Lesser White-Toothed Shrew (Crocidura suaveolens)—Findings in Ural beyond Its Area, Zool. Zh., 2005, vol. 84, no. 4, pp. 636–638.Google Scholar
  4. Danilkin, A.A., Porcine (Suidae), in Mlekopitayushchie Rossii i sopredel’nykh regionov (Mammals of Russia and Neighboring Regions), Moscow: GEOS, 2002.Google Scholar
  5. Danilov, P.I., Okhotnich’i zveri Karelii (The Game of Karelia), Moscow: Nauka, 2005.Google Scholar
  6. Dgebuadze, Yu.Yu., Ecology of Invasions and Population Contacts of Animals: General Approaches, in Vidy-vselentsy v evropieskikh moryakh Rossii (Invasive Species in the European Seas of Russia), Matishov, G.G., Ed., Apatity, 2000, pp. 35–50.Google Scholar
  7. Fadeev, E.V., On Dynamics of the Northern Boundary of the Wild Boar Area in Eastern Europe, Biol. Nauki, 1981, pp. 56–64.Google Scholar
  8. Fokin, I.M. and Airapet’yants, A.E., Introduced Mammals in Russia: Ecological and Economic Effects, in Biologicheskie invazii v vodnykh i nazemnykh ekosistemakh (Biological Invasions in Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecosystems), Alimov, A.F. and Bogutskaya, N.G., Eds., Moscow (St. Petersburg): KMK, 2004, pp. 320–340.Google Scholar
  9. Grigor’evskaya, A.Ya., Starodubtseva, E.A., Khlyzova, N.Yu., and Agafonov, V.A., Adventivnaya flora Voronezhskoi oblasti: istoricheskii, biogeograficheskii, ecologicheskii aspekty (Adventive Flora of the Voronezh Oblast: Historical, Biogeographic, and Ecological Aspects), Voronezh: Voronezh Gos. Univ., 2004.Google Scholar
  10. Gruzdev, V.V., Ekologiya zaitsa-rusaka: Materialy k poznaniyufauny i flory SSSR (The Ecology of Brown Hare: The Materials for Cognition of the USSR Fauna and Flora), Moscow: Mosk. Gos. Univ., 1974, issue 48.Google Scholar
  11. Gruzdev, V.V., Zones of the Highest Harmfulness of the Brown Rat in Rural Regions, Nauchn. Dokl. Vysshei Shkoly, 1959, no. 2. pp. 39–42.Google Scholar
  12. Invasive Alien Species: A Toolkit of Best Prevention and Management Practices, Wittenberg, R. and Cockm M.J.W., Eds., CAB International, Wallingford, Oxon, UK, 2001.Google Scholar
  13. Istomin, A.V., Small Mammals in Monitoring of Forest Ecosystems, Metodicheskie rekomendatsii po vedeniyu monitoringa na osobo okhranyaemykh prirodnykh territoriyakh (na primere Tsentral’no-Lesnogo gosudarstevnnogo prirodnogo biosfernogo zapovednika) (Methodical Recommendations on Monitoring of Special Preserved Natural Territories (by the Example of the Central Forest State Natural Biosphere Reserve)), Zheltukhin, A.S., Zheltukhin, S.A., Zheltukhina, V.I., et al., Eds. Moscow: Ekoterra, 2005, pp. 65–113.Google Scholar
  14. Katalog mlekopitayushchikh SSSR (pliotsen-sovremennost’) (The Catalogue of Mammals of the USSR (Pliocene-Today)), Gromoy I.M. and Baranova, G.I., Eds. Leningrad: Nauka, 1981.Google Scholar
  15. Khlyap, L.A., Kucheruk, V.V., Warshavsky, A.A., and Tupikova, N.V., Synanthropic Rodents, as Special Form of Invasive Species, in Teriofauna Rossii i sopredel’nykh territorii. VII s“ezd Teriologoicheskogo obshchestva. Materialy mezhdunarodnogo soveshchaniya 6–7 fevralya 2003 g., g. Moskva (Theriofauna of Russia and Neighboring Countries. The VII Meeting of Theriological Society. Proceedings of the International Conference, February 6–7, 2003, Moscow), Orlov, V.N., Ed., Moscow, 2003a, p. 374.Google Scholar
  16. Khlyap, L.A., Tupikova, N.V, Warshavsky, A.A., and Rozhdestvenskaya, LA., The Map of Rodent Population in Russia as a Source of Information about Biodiversity, in GIS dlya ustoichivogo razvitiya territorii. Materialy mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii Novorossiisk-Sevastopol’ (GIS for Sustainable Development of Territory. Proceedings of International Conference Novorossiisk-Sevastopol), 2003b, pp. 104–109.Google Scholar
  17. Kolosov, A.M. and Lavrov, N.P., Obogashchenie promyslovoi fauny SSSR (Enrichment of the Game Fauna in the USSR), Moscow: Lesn. Promyshlennost’, 1968.Google Scholar
  18. Kucheruk, V.V., Synanthropic Rodents and Their Significance in the Transmission of Infections, in Theoretical Questions of Natural Foci of Diseases. Proceedings of Symposium, Prague, November 26–29, 1963, Rosicky, B. and Heyberger, K., Eds., Prague, 1965, pp. 353–366.Google Scholar
  19. Kucheruk, V.V., Rodents: Inhabitants of Human Buildings and Settlements in Various Regions of the USSR, in Obshchaya i regional’naya teriogeografiya (General and Regional Theriogeography), Voronov, A.G., Ed., Moscow: Nauka, 1988, pp. 165–237.Google Scholar
  20. Kucheruk, V.V., The Area, in Seraya krysa: Sistematika, ekologiya, regulyatsiya chislennosti (Brawn Rat: Systematics, Ecology, and Population Regulation), Sokolov, V.E. and Karaseva, E.V., Eds., Moscow: Nauka, 1990, pp. 34–84.Google Scholar
  21. Kucheruk, V.V., The Area of Black Rat in the USSR: European Part and the Caucuses, Byull. MOIP Otd. Biol., 1991, vol. 96, no. 6, pp. 19–30.Google Scholar
  22. Kucheruk, V.V., The Area of House Mice of the Superspecies Complex Mus musculus s. lato, in Domovaya mysh’: Proiskhozhdenie, rasprostranenie, sistematika, povedenie (House Mouse: Origin, Distribution, Systematics, and Behavior), Moscow: Nauka, 1994a, pp. 56–81.Google Scholar
  23. Kucheruk, V.V., Distribution of the Black Rat in Russia: Siberia and the Far East, Byull. MOIP Otd. Biol., 1994b, vol. 99, no. 5, pp. 33–36.Google Scholar
  24. Kucheruk, V.V., Synanthropy: Some Concepts, in Zhivotnye v gorode. Materialy nauchno-prakticheskoi konferentsii (Animals in the City. Proceedings of Scientific-Practical Conference), Rozhnov, V.V. et al., Eds., Moscow: IPEE RAS, 2000, p. 112–115.Google Scholar
  25. Kuzyakin, A. P., The History of Expansion, Modern Distribution, and Habitat of the Brown Rat in the USSR, in Fauna i ekologiya gryzunov (The Fauna and Ecology of Rodents), Formozov, A.N., Ed., Moscow: Izd. MOIP, 1951, issue 4, pp. 22–81.Google Scholar
  26. Lavrov, N.P., Akklimatizatsiya i reakklimatizatsiya pushnykh zverei v SSSR (Acclimatization and Reacclimatization of Fur Animals in the USSR), Moscow: Zagotizdat, 1946.Google Scholar
  27. Lavrov, N.P., Akklimatizatsiya ondatry v SSSR (Acclimatization of Muskrat in the USSR), Moscow: Izd. Tsentrosoyuza, 1957.Google Scholar
  28. Lavrov, N.P., Reconstruction of the Game Fauna in the USSR during Stalin’s Five-Year Plans, Byull. MOIP Otd. Biol., 1949, vol. 54, no. 6, pp. 77–93.Google Scholar
  29. Lisovsky, A.A., Obolenskaya, E.V., and Emelyanova, L.G., The Structure of Voice Signals of Siberian Chipmunk (Tamias sibiricus Laxmann, 1769; Rodentia: Sciuridae), Russ. J. Theriol., 2007a, vol. 5, no. 2. pp. 93–98.Google Scholar
  30. Lisovsky, A.A., Obolenskaya, E.V., Li, M., Dokuchaey N.E., Oshida, T, Li, Kh., and Min, M., Taxonomic Diversity and Genetic Structure of Chipmunks (Tamias) in Northern Palearctic, in Molekulyarnogeneticheskie osnovy sokhraneniya bioraznoobrazia mlekopitayushchikh Golarktiki. Materialy mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii, Chernogolovka, 26–30noyabrya 2007 g. (Molecular Genetic Bases for Preservation of Biodiversity of Holarctic Mammals. Proceedings of International Conference, Chernogolovka, November 26–30, 2007), Rozhnov, V.V., Ed., Moscow: KMK, 2007b, pp. 159–161.Google Scholar
  31. Manteifel’, P.A., On Reconstruction of the Game Mammalian Fauna in the USSR, Sotsialist. Reconstr. Nauka, 1934, issue 2, pp. 41–53.Google Scholar
  32. Marchenko, N.F., The Role of Domestic Cat (Felis domestica) in the Preserved Biocenoses of the Khoper Reserve, in Problemy sokhraneniya raznoobraziya prirody stepnykh i lesostepnykh regionov (Problems in Natural Biodiversity Preservation of Steppe and Steppe-Forest Regions), Moscow: KMK, 1995, pp. 232–233.Google Scholar
  33. Maslyakov, V.Yu., The Database on Introduced Species of North Eurasia (Structure, Content, and Information Sources), in Invazii chuzherodnykh vidov v Golarktike. Materialy rossiisko-amerikanskogo simpoziuma po invazivnym vidam (Alien Species Invasions in Holarctic. Proceedings of the Russian-American Symposium on Invasive Species), Pavlov, D.S. et al., Eds., Borok, Yaroslavl oblast, August 27–31, 2001, Borok, 2003, pp. 49–63.Google Scholar
  34. Mirkin, B.M. and Naumova, L.G., Adventization of Vegetation: Invasive Species and Invasibility of Communities, Usp. Sovrem. Biol., 2001, vol. 121, no. 6, pp. 550–562.Google Scholar
  35. Mirkin, B.M. and Naumova, L.G., Adventization of Vegetation from the Standpoint of Modern Ecology Concepts, Zh. Obshch. Biol., 2002, vol. 63, no. 6, pp. 500–508.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Mlekopitayushchie (Mammals), Pavlinoy I.Ya., Ed., Moscow: Izd. AST, 1999.Google Scholar
  37. Nasimovich, A.A., Some General Questions and Results of Acclimatization of Terrestrial Animals, Zool. Zh., 1961, vol. 40, no. 7, pp. 957–970.Google Scholar
  38. Nasimovich, A.A., Acclimatization, Animal Population, and Zoogeography, in Issledovaniya po faune Sovetskogo Soyuza (mlekopitayushchie) (Studies of the Fauna of the Soviet Union (Mammals)), Rossolimo, O.L. and Dolgov, V.A., Eds., Moscow: Mosk. Gos. Univ., 1972, pp. 34–50.Google Scholar
  39. Neronov, V.M. and Lushchekina, A.A., Alien Species and Preservation of Biological Diversity, Usp. Sovrem. Biol., 2001, vol. 121, no. 1, pp. 121–128.Google Scholar
  40. Neronov, V.M., Khlyap, L.A., Tupikova, N.V, and Warshavsky, A.A., A Study of the Development of Rodent Communities on the Plowed Lands in Northern Eurasia, Ekologiya, 2001, no. 5, pp. 355–362.Google Scholar
  41. Ondatra: Morfologiya, sistematika, ekologiya (Muskrat: Morphology, Systematics, and Ecology), Sokolov, V.E. and Lavrov, N.P., Eds., Moscow: Nauka, 1993.Google Scholar
  42. Oparin, M.L. and Oparina, O.S., Changes in Distribution of Mammals in the Low Volga Region Steppes in Connection with the Global Climate Warming, Povolzhskii Ekol. Zh., 2005, no. 2, pp. 173–179.Google Scholar
  43. Pavlinov, I.Ya., Sistematika sovremennykh mlekopitayushchikh (Systematics of Modern Mammals), Moscow: Mosk. Gos. Univ., 2003.Google Scholar
  44. Pavlinov, I.Ya., Kruskop, S.V., Warshavsky, A.A., and Borisenko, A.V., Nazemnye zveri Rossii: Spravochnik-opredelitel’ (Terrestrial Animals of Russia: Handbook and Key), Moscow: KMK, 2002.Google Scholar
  45. Pavlov, M.P., Korsakova, I.B., Timofeev, V.V., and Safonov, V.G., Akklimatizatsiya okhotnich’e-promyslovykh zverei iptits v SSSR (Acclimatization of Game Animal and Birds in the USSR), Kirov, 1973, part 1.Google Scholar
  46. Pavlov, M.P., Korsakova, I.B., and Lavrov, N.P., Akklimatizatsiya okhotnich’e-promyslovykh zverei i ptits v SSSR (Acclimatization of Game Animal and Birds in the USSR), Kirov, 1974, part 2.Google Scholar
  47. Revin, Yu.V., Synecological Consequences of Total Sable Extinction in Northeastern Asia, in Teriofauna Rossii i sopredel’nykh territorii. VIII s”ezd Teriologoicheskogo obshchestva. Materialy mezhdunarodnogo soveshchaniya 31 yanvarya—2 fevralya 2007 g., g. Moskva) Theriofauna of Russia and Neighboring Countries. The VIII Meeting of Theriological Society. Proceedings of the International Conference, January 31—February 2, 2003, Moscow), Rozhnov, V.V., Ed., Moscow: KMK, 2007, p. 411.Google Scholar
  48. Ryabov, L.S., Stray and Feral Dogs in the Voronezh Oblast, Byull. MOIP Otd. Biol., 1979, vol. 84, no. 4, pp. 18–27.Google Scholar
  49. Sobol’, kunitsy, kharza: Razmeshchenie zapasov, ekologiya, ispol’zovanie i okhrana (Sable, Marten, and Indian Marten: Location of Resources, Ecology, Use, and Preservation), Nasimovich, A.A., Ed., Moscow: Nauka, 1973.Google Scholar
  50. Sokolov, V.E. and Bobrov, V.V., Economic Losses, in Seraya krysa: Sistematika, ekologiya, regulyatsiya chislennosti (Brawn Rat: Systematics, Ecology, and Population Regulation), Sokolov, V.E. and Karaseva, E.V., Eds., Moscow: Nauka, 1990, pp. 85–127.Google Scholar
  51. Surkov, V.S., Some Specific Ecological Features of the Brown Rat from Sakhalin and Southern Kurils, in Seraya krysa: Ekologiya i rasprostranenie (Brown Rat: Ecology and Distribution), Sokolov, VE. and Karaseva, E.V, Eds., Moscow, 1986, vol. 1,pp. 114–128.Google Scholar
  52. Ternovsky, D.V., Biologiya Kunitseobraznykh (Mustelidae) (Biology of Mustelidae), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1977.Google Scholar
  53. Ternovsky, D.V. and Ternovskaya, Yu.G., Ekologiya Kunitseobraznykh (Ecology of Mustelidae), Novosibirsk: Nauka, 1994.Google Scholar
  54. Tupikova, N.V., Experience in Constructing a Map of Rodents (Rodentia) and Pikas (Ochotona) on the Territory of the Former USSR: Content and the Principles for the Legend, Usp. Sovrem. Biol., 1996, vol. 116, no. 2, pp. 243–254.Google Scholar
  55. Tupikova, N.V., Warshavsky, A.A., and Khlyap, L.A., The Map and Geoinformation System on Rodent and Pikas Population in the South of the Former USSR, in Aridnye ekosistemy (Arid Ecosystems), 1998, vol. 4, no. 8, pp. 74–84.Google Scholar
  56. Tupikova, N.V., Khlyap, L.A., and Warshavsky, A.A., The Rodents of Fields in Northeastern Palearctic, Zool. Zh., 2000, vol. 79, no. 4, 480–494.Google Scholar
  57. Warshavsky, A.A. et al., Area of Mammals,
  58. Voronov, V.G., Mlekopitayushchie Kuril’skikh ostrovov (Mammals of the Kuril Islands), Leningrad: Nauka, 1974.Google Scholar
  59. Zav’yalov, N.A., Krylov, A.V., Bobrov, A.A., Ivanov, V.K., and Dgebuadze, Yu.Yu., Vliyanie rechnogo bobra na ekosistemy malykh rek (The Effect of Beaver on the Ecosystems of Small Rivers), Moscow: Nauka, 2005.Google Scholar
  60. Zhitkov, B.M., Akklimatizatsiya zhivotnykh (Acclimatization of Animals), Moscow: Biomedgiz, 1934.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • L. A. Khlyap
    • 1
  • V. V. Bobrov
    • 1
  • A. A. Warshavsky
    • 1
  1. 1.Severtsov Institute of Ecology and EvolutionRussian Academy of SciencesMoscowRussia

Personalised recommendations