Application of Accelerated Electrons for Polymer Modification and Preparation of Composite Materials
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Exposure to accelerated electrons makes it possible to change the properties of polymeric and composite materials on the surface and in a layer of a given depth. Ionization generates various reactive species, such as electrons, free radicals, ions, and excited molecules. These species can be used to initiate the formation of block and graft copolymers, latexes, and regular and irregular macromolecules and affect the functional properties of materials and their protective layers in a targeted fashion. Electron-beam technologies are being increasingly used in the design of improved and unique materials with desired properties of surface layers.