Investigation of Electrochemical Behavior of Zirconia -Benzotriazole Hybrid Nanostructured Coating Applied on Al 2024 by Sol-Gel Method

  • Saeid Mersagh Dezfuli
  • Ali ShanaghiEmail author
  • Saeid Baghshahi


Nowadays, zirconia based ceramic coatings are extensively used in various industries thanks to their favorable corrosion and wear resistance behavior. In this study, zirconia and zirconia-Benzotriazole nanostructured coatings were deposited on the surface of Al2024 to improve corrosion protection properties by using sol-gel method. Phases and morphology analyses were performed, and chemical bonds were investigated, using GIXRD, FTIR, AFM, FESEM and ellipsometry. In addition, corrosion properties were evaluated by electrochemical methods including polarization and electrochemical impedance techniques using a 3.5% NaCl solution. Results indicated a homogeneous and crack-free zirconia-Benzotriazole hybrid nanostructured coating which exhibited a good corrosion resistance at a corrosion current density reduced by a factor of 47683.


hybrid nanostructured coating Al 2024 sol-gel method zirconia-Benzotriazole electrochemical behavior 



The authors would like to express their thanks to Iranian Nanotechnology Initiative Council.


  1. 1.
    Yasakau, K.A., Tedim, J., Zheludkevich, M.L., and Ferreira, M.G.S., Handbook of Smart Coatings for Materials Protection, Woodhead Publ., 2014.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Shchukin, D.G. and Mçhwald, H., Small, 2007, vol. 6, p. 926.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Khramov, A.N., Voevodin, N.N., Balbyshev, V.N., and Mantz, R.A., Thin Solid Films, 2005, vol. 483, p. 191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Raps, D., Hack, T., Wehr, J., et al., Corros. Sci., 2009, vol. 51, p. 1012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Giolli, C., Borgioli, F., Credi, A., et al., Surf. Coat. Technol., 2007, vol. 202, p. 13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Brunet, M., MafhozKot, H., Bouscayrol, L., et al., Thin Solid Films, 2011, vol. 519, p. 5638.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Lopez, A.J., Rams, J., and Urena, A., Surf. Coat. Technol., 2011, vol. 205, p. 4183.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Wang, D. and Bierwagen, G.P., Prog. Org. Coat., 2009, vol. 64, p. 327.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Andreatta, F., Aldighieri, P., Paussa, L., et al., Electrochim. Acta, 2007, vol. 52, p. 7545.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Saridag, S., Tak, O., and Alniacik, G., World J. Stomatol., 2013, vol. 2, p. 40.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Sakka, S., Handbook of Advanced Ceramics, Academic Press, 2013.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Ganbavle, V.V., Bangi, U.K.H., Latthe, S.S., et al., Surf. Coat. Technol., 2011, vol. 205, p. 5338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Kawaguti, C.A., Chivacci, L.A., Pulcinelli, S.H., et al., J. Sol-Gel Sci. Technol., 2004, vol. 32, p. 91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Tiwari, S.K., Adhikary, J., Singh, T.B., and Singh, R., Thin Solid Films, 2009, vol. 517, p. 4502.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Catauro, M., Bollino, F., Veronesi, P., and Lamanna, G., Mater. Sci. Eng., 2014, vol. 39, p. 344.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Paussa, L. and Rosero, N.C., Prog. Org. Coat., 2012, vol. 74, p. 311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Aljourani, J., Golozar, M., and Raeissi, K., Mater. Chem. Phys., 2010, vol. 121, p. 320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Aljourani, J., Raeissi, K., and Golozar, M., Corros. Sci., 2009, vol. 51, p. 1836.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Setare, E., Raeissi, K., Golozar, M.A., and Fathi, M.H., Corros. Sci., 2009, vol. 51, p. 1802.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Shanaghi, A. and Kadkhodaei, M., Corros. Eng., Sci. Technol., 2017, vol. 52, p. 332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Shanaghi, A., Chu, P.K., and Moradi, H., Surf. Rev. Lett., 2017, vol. 24, p. 1 750 055.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Saeid Mersagh Dezfuli
    • 1
  • Ali Shanaghi
    • 2
    Email author
  • Saeid Baghshahi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Tehran Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Materials Engineering Department, Faculty of Engineering, Malayer UniversityMalayerIran

Personalised recommendations