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Catalysis in Industry

, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 360–367 | Cite as

Optimizing Single-Stage Processes of Microcrystalline Cellulose Production via the Peroxide Delignification of Wood in the Presence of a Titania Catalyst

  • B. N. KuznetsovEmail author
  • I. G. SudakovaEmail author
  • O. V. YatsenkovaEmail author
  • N. V. GaryntsevaEmail author
  • F. RataboulEmail author
  • L. DjakovitchEmail author
BIOCATALYSIS
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Abstract

The conventional way of producing microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) from wood raw materials is multistage; it is based on integrating the environmentally hazardous processes of pulping and bleaching of cellulose and the acid hydrolysis of the amorphous phase of cellulose. This work describes an improved single-stage catalytic method for the production of MCC from softwood and hardwood that is based on the peroxide delignification of wood in an acetic acid–water medium under mild conditions (100°C, atmospheric pressure) in the presence of an environmentally safe TiO2 solid catalyst. The processes of MCC production via the peroxide catalytic delignification of various wood species are optimized experimentally and mathematically. The following optimum modes for the production of MCC with a yield of 36.3–42.0 wt % of absolutely dry wood, a residual lignin content of ≤1.0 wt %, and a hemicellulose content of ≤ 6.0 wt % are determined: For aspen: 5 wt % H2O2, 25 wt % CH3COOH, and a liquid/wood ratio of 10. For birch: 5 wt % H2O2, 25 wt % CH3COOH, and a liquid/wood ratio of 15. For silver fir: 6 wt % H2O2, 30 wt % CH3COOH, and a liquid/wood ratio of 15. For larch: 6 wt % H2O2, 30 wt % CH3COOH, and a liquid/wood ratio of 15.

Keywords:

wood hardwood softwood delignification hydrogen peroxide acetic acid TiO2 catalyst optimization microcrystalline cellulose yield composition 

Notes

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This work was supported by a grant from the Russian Science Foundation, project no. 16-13-10326 under the International Scientific Association Biomass between France and Russia.

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Federal Research Center, Institute of Chemistry and Chemical Technology, Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Sciences,KrasnoyarskRussia
  2. 2.Siberian Federal University, KrasnoyarskRussia
  3. 3.IRCELYON,Villeurbanne CedexLyonFrance

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