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Catalysis in Industry

, Volume 8, Issue 3, pp 217–223 | Cite as

Investigating the process of heavy crude oil steam cracking over disperse catalysts. I: Selection of optimal steam cracking conditions without catalyst

  • P. M. EletskiiEmail author
  • O. O. Mironenko
  • S. A. Selishcheva
  • V. A. Yakovlev
Catalysis in Petroleum Refining Industry

Abstract

The process of heavy crude oil steam cracking using semi-flow (with respect to water) and steadystate regimes at 425°C without catalyst is investigated. It is established that in the case of a semi-flow regime, water acts predominantly as a physical agent facilitating the distillation of hydrocarbon fractions and thus preventing their transformation into petroleum coke. A reduction in coke yield is observed for a steady-state regime in comparison to a semi-flow regime; the introduction of water results in enhanced conversion of the high-boiling fraction and an increased yield of light fractions in the composition of liquid products. Based on the obtained data, it is concluded that water plays a positive role during the conversion of heavy crude oil, and that the steam cracking process is promising for production of lighter synthetic and/or semi-synthetic oils.

Keywords

heavy oil steam cracking 

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Copyright information

© Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. M. Eletskii
    • 1
    Email author
  • O. O. Mironenko
    • 1
  • S. A. Selishcheva
    • 1
  • V. A. Yakovlev
    • 1
  1. 1.Boreskov Institute of Catalysis, Siberian BranchRussian Academy of SciencesNovosibirskRussia

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